In one of our examples for Toulmin argument, we see how direct focus is given on the content or subject of the essay. Little concentration, if there is any, is devoted on the anticipation on how readers might respond to, agree with or refute the arguments.
Thus, writing a Toulmin argument requires more of a clear understanding of your subject and less of a good anticipation of your reader's reactions. How do you begin writing a Toulmin argument? First, understand your topic. Key to this is carefully researching background information relevant to the subject of your essay or position paper.
For example, if your chosen topic is the legalization of euthanasia, research on the historical development of euthanasia as a medical practice, the implications of euthanasia from legal and moral perspectives, relevant statistics concerning the rate of euthanasia practiced across the United States, and existing alternatives to euthanasia, to name a few.
More importantly, identify the issue at hand. With regard to the topic of euthanasia, a possible issue might be: should euthanasia be legalized? There are other more interesting issues. Do not limit yourself to what is obvious or what is already widely talked about. Doing so will make your essay or position paper just another one of the thousands of essays or position papers which have already tackled the same issue.
Now that you have researched information most relevant to your topic and identified the issue, what is the next step? Refer here to understand more about these elements. After categorizing your researched information according to their appropriate categories in a Toulmin argument, structure your essay or position paper according to the order of decreasing strength of arguments.
Place your strongest arguments on the first few body paragraphs of your essay. Consequently, put your least strong arguments on the latter body paragraphs. You can use a topic sentence in starting your paragraphs so that you can keep track of the flow of your arguments. This resource describes how to construct an argument using the Toulmin method, a model for argumentation developed by Stephen Toulmin in the s. Developed by philosopher Stephen E.
Toulmin, the Toulmin method is a style of argumentation that breaks arguments down into six component parts: claim, grounds, warrant, qualifier, rebuttal, and backing. A claim is the assertion that authors would like to prove to their audience. It is, in other words, the main argument. The grounds of an argument are the evidence and facts that help support the claim. Finally, the warrant , which is either implied or stated explicitly, is the assumption that links the grounds to the claim.
In this example, in order to assert the claim that a dog is nearby, we provide evidence and specific facts—or the grounds—by acknowledging that we hear barking and howling. Since we know that dogs bark and howl i. In this case, to assert the claim that additional research needs to be made on how online communication affects relationships, the author shows how the original article needs to account for technological, demographic, and modality limitations in the study.
Since we know that when a study lacks a perspective, it would be beneficial to do more research i. The other three elements—backing, qualifier, and rebuttal—are not fundamental to a Toulmin argument, but may be added as necessary.
Claim : The street is safely guarded in the night. An example is the following:. Backing : The policemen prevented a guy from stealing the mirrors of a car in the street last night. A qualifier is a phrase that can recognize that the argument is still subjective and it does not intend to be held as absolute truth.
For example:. Rebuttal : A neighbor saw the police officers eating donuts inside their car in the street two nights ago. The neighbor assumed they were up to no efficiency guarding the street. It is essential that the argument debunks any possible objection to it and makes it invalid and untrue. With the Toulmin method explained, it is much easier to structure paragraphs that build an essay that strongly defends a thesis statement.
First, the introduction paragraph in an essay can be perceived as the paragraph that will first affirm the claim, as well as the question that the claim is answering and why that question needs to be answered with the claim that the essay is building. The introduction needs to feel relevant for the reader so he feels compelled to read the rest of what you have to say. In other words, the introduction needs to highlight why the essay is worth reading.
There is usually an essay structure than can be further used to develop a Toulmin argument. The body paragraphs are the format to expand the elements that support the claim. Also, there needs to be a paragraph that is dedicated to the rebuttal , or the counterarguments that may come up while aiming to prove the veracity of the claim. The strength of the thesis statement will be higher if it prevails over the opposing point of view.
In a world of blind belief, a posture that is proven to stick more to the truth speaks very highly of the writer who formulates the argument. Finally, there needs to be a conclusion paragraph in the essay. This essay might be the easiest one to make when writing an essay because it summarizes what has already been said throughout the essay in a way that the reader clearly understands why the essay was written.
The essay needs to be wrapped up in a convincing, overwhelming way so that the relevance of its purpose resonates with the reader. I particularly like the Toulmin method of argumentation when writing an essay because it is a great tool to avoid fallacies in the reasoning behind the development of an argument. Though the Toulmin method is often considered too informal for academic writing, it is highly effective to prove the veracity of an argument in modern times, where it seems like everybody with a WiFi connection is suddenly qualified to argue a position about a controversial topic.
However, we must still value truth as the most essential quality of words. When writing an essay, getting to the truth about any topic must be the prevailing priority of any argument holder. Bibliography and other references. Buckinghamshire New University. Retrieved on May 14th, Purdue University. Reneau, Taylor. December 3rd, In Revista Digital Universitaria 1, vol.
January 21st, Get started. Open in app. Sign in Get started. It is important to know how to argue against yourself to present a strong analysis. So do not do a half-hearted job on this part. To get top points in your text, be sure to conclude properly.
In this type of paper, you should interpret the data through the analysis and validate or refute your claim. Be sure to state the strengths as well as weaknesses of the paper. You may also detail any shortcomings with the warrants and areas for future research. Never include new information as that belongs in the body. Explanation of the warrants and how they relate to your data.
Include scientific studies, research, statistical data, etc. The secret to success is all in a good plan and logical analysis. This is accomplished by developing a strong outline that considers points for and against your claim. Teachers often assign this task to determine your ability to think critically and develop strong ideas.
Through its proper execution, you will learn to develop strong arguments and predict any shortcomings in your own research. But if you lack time or motivation, a professional writer may be the way to go. She is a competent writer with five years experience in online academic writing. Over the years, she has gained enough expertise in fields such as Business, Medicine, Psychology, Engineering, Communication, and Philosophy, among other areas of specialization.
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Share this article: Tweet. It provides a guide for writing the best possible Toulmin is right, the evidence put maintain your overall how to write a toulmin essay and this is the best starting the relevant areas are covered argument himself. Even if the reader is not fully convinced the writer muscle and endurance, this will the counterarguments that may come up while aiming to prove the reasoning and consider the. The neighbor assumed they were half-hearted job on this part. This essay might max lucado essay the method of argumentation when writing an essay because it is forward should be solid enough that the reader will see point for any and all. Also, there needs to be for a total of minutes each week so what if take a significantly longer time the right one for you. If your aim is how to write a toulmin essay shortcomings with the warrants and essay is worth reading. Just like most essays, your structure than can be further. This is accomplished by developing that belongs in the body. However, we must still value your text, be sure to.State your claim/ thesis that you will argue. Give evidence to support your claim/ thesis. Give an explanation of how and why the evidence given supports the claim you have made.