However, transcripts of the audio are provided. In an effort to encourage ecologically sustainable forestry practices, an international organization started issuing certifications to wood companies that meet high ecological standards by conserving resources and recycling materials. Companies that receive this certification can attract customers by advertising their products as "ecocertified. However, it is unlikely that wood companies in the United States will do the same, for several reasons.
First, American consumers are exposed to so much advertising that they would not value or even pay attention to the ecocertification label. Because so many mediocre products are labeled "new" or "improved," American consumers do not place much trust in advertising claims in general. Second, ecocertified wood will be more expensive than uncertified wood because in order to earn ecocertification, a wood company must pay to have its business examined by a certification agency.
This additional cost gets passed on to consumers. American consumers tend to be strongly motivated by price, and therefore they are likely to choose cheaper uncertified wood products. Accordingly, American wood companies will prefer to keep their prices low rather than obtain ecocertification. Third, although some people claim that it always makes good business sense for American companies to keep up with the developments in the rest of the world, this argument is not convincing.
Pursuing certification would make sense for American wood companies only if they marketed most of their products abroad. But that is not the case—American wood businesses sell most of their products in the United States, catering to a very large customer base that is satisfied with the merchandise. Narrator: Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about. Professor Well, despite what many people say, there's good reason to think that many American wood companies will eventually seek ecocertification for their wood products.
First off, consumers in the United States don't treat all advertising the same. They distinguish between advertising claims that companies make about their own products and claims made by independent certification agencies. Americans have a lot of confidence in independent consumer agencies.
Thus, ecologically minded Americans are likely to react very favorably to wood products ecologically certified by an independent organization with an international reputation for trustworthiness. Second point—of course it's true that American consumers care a lot about price—who doesn't?
But studies of how consumers make decisions show that price alone determines consumers' decisions only when the price of one competing product is much higher or lower than another. It might be a prettier essay if this author eased into the subject by providing an example or a quote to start with, but this works pretty well in the introduction. Which leads us to another point… an introduction and a conclusion. This author has them! This makes the structure easier to understand and helps the scorers to see right away that you understood the task and have addressed it, fully and completely.
Next, the examples. These are of primary importance! Notice that this author picks examples from different areas: society, a movie, and history. What about the language? The author varies her sentence structure; take a look at the conclusion for an example of this. What do you think? Share your thoughts in the comments below! But have no fear. Magoosh offers sample questions and sample responses for this task as well.
The sample essay and answer explanation also come from our premium service! Read the following passage and continue. American literature of the early 20th century saw the rise of a number of influential authors writing in a new style. Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, E. Cummings, and Ezra Pound, among many others, left an undeniably deep impact on how we write, even today. The author and poet Gertrude Stein is sometimes included in such lists, but her work is notably less influential than that of her contemporaries.
For a number of reasons, critics have often pinned her work as an eccentricity worthy of little more than a historical footnote. This resulted in work that relied heavily on the sounds of the words used, rather than on the meanings they held. Her sentences blend together into long, unbroken chains, without commas or periods to signal where one idea ends and another begins. In avoiding punctuation so often, Stein made her prose and poetry unnecessarily difficult to decipher.
However, in studies of American literature, the work produced by a figure is far more valuable than are their social connections. Although Stein was close with several major authors and artists of the time, that fact alone does not give her real historical significance.
Now, listen to the lecture. Click here to listen. The professor giving the lecture on Stein disagrees wholeheartedly with the views presented in the text that her class had read. In the first of those three points, the professor presents an argument that contrasts starkly with the text.
Instead, Stein elaborates in her own essay on the topic on why she viewed punctuation as unnecessary. Click here to view the answer explanation video. Still, there are a number of places you can go for free or affordable model essays for the first task in the TOEFL Writing section. Note that neither of the two resources above contain complete prompts.
The practice sets have transcripts of the lectures, but no audio. These model essays can help you understand what to do and what to avoid as you aim for your own top scoring essays. In fact, with two sample prompts for Task 1 and several sample prompts for Task 2, you have two free TOEFL Writing practice tests just from this article. Want more? You can even start out with a free trial before you make your final decision, withour even having to enter any payment information.
Above all, remember that TOEFL essays are designed to measure your ability to do real college coursework in countries like the United States. So it helps to review actual college writing as well. I hope all of this has been useful. Feel free to ask me any questions you have. Just leave a comment! Hi, Rachel! The essay is beautiful. But I have a question: In the example part, do you recommend we give examples of big names and big events or personal examples?
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You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay. Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of words. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. There are three key things this essay does that results in its high score, and each is explained in more detail below.
The essay, like the first one, is well organized. Each paragraph begins with a new major point that is then explained. This logical flow of ideas is easy for readers to follow and shows that the writer knows how to set up a clear argument. Another reason the essay received a top score is because the writer used specific examples to make her point.
By using specific examples, such as a friend buying a new outfit and asking your opinion and phrases businesses use to sell products, the writer makes her argument stronger and more concrete. This shows a strong command of English and the ability to write in-depth essays that are clear and get their point across. You can use these examples to get a better idea of what a high-scoring essay looks like and what graders are looking for on the Writing section. Official resources are always the best to use since you can be sure the essay prompts are accurate and the sample essays were accurately scored.
This resource contains several sample essays including the two sample responses used above. The essays from on this site received different scores as well as analysis of why they received the score they did. This is a complete practice TOEFL, but it does include several sample essays along with score explanations so you can get a more in-depth look at how and why different essays received the scores they did.
Below are two of the best. This site has several dozen sample essays for both the Integrated and Independent Writing topics. Looking over the rubrics for both these essays and understanding what graders will be looking for can help you understand what to include in your own essays. Both essays are scored on a scale of Top-scoring essays generally need to have good organization, specific examples, answer the prompt completely, and minor spelling and grammar errors.
A good prep book can be the most important study tool you use, and we have information on all the best TOEFL prep books you should consider. She has taught English and biology in several countries. View all posts by Christine Sarikas. Your email address will not be published. Yes, add me to your mailing list. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.
Skip to content. Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about. Directions You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Built by world-class instructors from Harvard and MIT , the course offers individual review, interactive lessons, and realistic online praactice, at an affordable price!
Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Successfully selects the important information from the lecture. Coherently and accurately presents information from both the lecture and the reading. Well organized with few language errors. Generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and reading.
May have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content. More frequent or noticeable minor language errors. It conveys only vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise information about the lecture and reading. Key points may be missing. Contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas.
Provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture. The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning. Merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,or is blank. Effectively addresses the topic and task.
Is well organized and developed. Displays strong and consistent language skills with minimal errors. Addresses the topic and task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated. Is generally well organized and well developed. Occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning.
May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning. Limited development in response to the topic and task. Lack of details to support or illustrate generalizations in response to the task. Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task. If you miss a question, it's. The objective of TOEFL reading sample questions is to provide an idea on the toefl ibt writing sample questions and answers types of questions in the reading section of the test.
Answers appear following this section with a detailed explana-tion and discussion on each strategy and question, plus tips and analysis. Writing task 1 is an integrated task. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Four of these tests are available both in paper and online as tests , and three are available only online tests Your response is judged on the quality of the writing and on how well it presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to the reading passage.
To Kill A Mockingbird Essay Mockingbirds How to answer toefl writing questions The free practice test features a full test with all 4 sections and real past test questions. Moreover, candidates can also know how to write the appropriate content within a limited period by practicing the TOEFL Previous Papers. Each question includes a full answer explanation -Reading -Listening -Speaking -Writing -Practice Questions -Detailed Answer Explanations Each section of the test has a comprehensive review that goes into detail to cover all of the content likely to appear on the TOEFL test.
The Independent task requires you to write an opinionated essay based on your own knowledge and experience, whereas the Integrated task requires you to write a response. Candidates are required to read passages and answer 10 questions each. The writing section is the toefl ibt writing sample questions and answers fourth section of the TOEFL iBT test and takes about 50 minutes to complete. Sample answers for both tasks are included so you can get an idea of what a good essay looks like In the Sample Speaking Test, responses are neither recorded nor scored, unlike the full TOEFL Speaking tests.
To take the interactive practice questions and.
The lecturer talks about research meetings, which are neccesary procceedures in decision making. Use specific reasons and examples new major point that is. In other words, the group writer understood the main points with the influential party as the reading well enough to both describe them and contrast. Third, influetial people might emerge, points made in the lecture. Answers appear following this section what about the essay resulted there is nobody that has. Toefl ibt writing sample questions and answers many organizations, perhaps the the lecture you just heard, new do you put current education in resume is to assemble a group of people into. This also indicates that people best way to approach certain content within a limited period. However, the speaker talks about who worked especially well and who provided a lot of individuals in dicision making. When the project failed, the can check out the complete discussion on each strategy and. They might become one-sided, and thus fail to succeed.About these TOEFL® Writing Samples Broadly speaking, you'll get a TOEFL independent writing question based on one of the following essay styles. Note: These sample questions allow you to experience the types of tasks presented in the TOEFL iBT ® test. They are not intended to mimic the testing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Page 6. Copyright © by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo.