Remember, the point of comparing and contrasting is to provide useful knowledge to the reader. Take the following thesis as an example that leans more toward contrasting:. Thesis Statement: Organic vegetables may cost more than those that are conventionally grown, but when put to the test, they are definitely worth every extra penny. Here the thesis sets up the two subjects to be compared and contrasted organic versus conventional vegetables , and it makes a claim about the results that might prove useful to the reader.
The organizational structure you choose depends on the nature of the topic, your purpose, and your audience. Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis. First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects. Once you have decided on a topic, introduce it with an engaging opening paragraph.
Your thesis should come at the end of the introduction, and it should establish the subjects you will compare, contrast, or both as well as state what can be learned from doing so. The body of the essay can be organized in one of two ways: by subject or by individual points. The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose.
You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other. Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects. After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis.
Both Washington, DC, and London are capital cities of English-speaking countries, and yet they offer vastly different experiences to their residents and visitors. Comparing and contrasting the two cities based on their history, their culture, and their residents show how different and similar the two are. Both cities are rich in world and national history, though they developed on very different time lines.
London, for example, has a history that dates back over two thousand years. It was part of the Roman Empire and known by the similar name, Londinium. It was not only one of the northernmost points of the Roman Empire but also the epicenter of the British Empire where it held significant global influence from the early sixteenth century on through the early twentieth century. Washington, DC, on the other hand, has only formally existed since the late eighteenth century.
Though Native Americans inhabited the land several thousand years earlier, and settlers inhabited the land as early as the sixteenth century, the city did not become the capital of the United States until the s. From that point onward to today, however, Washington, DC, has increasingly maintained significant global influence. Even though both cities have different histories, they have both held, and continue to hold, significant social influence in the economic and cultural global spheres.
London has a much richer past than Washington, DC, and consequently has a lot more material to pull from when arranging its collections. Both cities have thriving theater districts, but again, London wins this comparison, too, both in quantity and quality of theater choices. With regard to other cultural places like restaurants, pubs, and bars, both cities are very comparable. Both have a wide selection of expensive, elegant restaurants as well as a similar amount of global and national chains.
While London may be better known for its pubs and taste in beer, DC offers a different bar-going experience. Below are some common examples. When making comparisons or contrasts, it is important to be clear what criteria you are using. Study the following example, which contrasts two people. Here the criteria are unclear. Although this sentence has a contrast transition , the criteria for contrasting are not the same. The criteria used for Aaron are height tall and strength strong.
We would expect similar criteria to be used for Bruce maybe he is short and weak , but instead we have new criteria, namely appearance handsome and intelligence intelligent. This is a common mistake for students when writing this type of paragraph or essay. Compare the following, which has much clearer criteria contrast structure words shown in bold.
Below is a compare and contrast essay. This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body. Title: There have been many advances in technology over the past fifty years.
These have revolutionised the way we communicate with people who are far away. Compare and contrast methods of communication used today with those which were used in the past. Before the advent of computers and modern technology, people communicating over long distances used traditional means such as letters and the telephone. Nowadays we have a vast array of communication tools which can complete this task, ranging from email to instant messaging and video calls.
While the present and previous means of communication are similar in their general form , they differ in regard to their speed and the range of tools available. One similarity between current and previous methods of communication relates to the form of communication. In the past, both written forms such as letters were frequently used, in addition to oral forms such as telephone calls.
Similarly , people nowadays use both of these forms. Just as in the past, written forms of communication are prevalent, for example via email and text messaging. In addition, oral forms are still used, including the telephone, mobile phone, and voice messages via instant messaging services. However , there are clearly many differences in the way we communicate over long distances, the most notable of which is speed. This is most evident in relation to written forms of communication.
In the past, letters would take days to arrive at their destination. In contrast , an email arrives almost instantaneously and can be read seconds after it was sent. In the past, if it was necessary to send a short message, for example at work, a memo could be passed around the office, which would take some time to circulate. This is different from the current situation, in which a text message can be sent immediately. Another significant difference is the range of communication methods.
Fifty years ago, the tools available for communicating over long distances were primarily the telephone and the letter. By comparison , there are a vast array of communication methods available today. These include not only the telephone, letter, email and text messages already mentioned, but also video conferences via software such as Skype or mobile phone apps such as WeChat, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. In conclusion, methods of communication have greatly advanced over the past fifty years.
While there are some similarities, such as the forms of communication , there are significant differences, chiefly in relation to the speed of communication and the range of communication tools available. There is no doubt that technology will continue to progress in future, and the advanced tools which we use today may one day also become outdated. Like the website? Try the books. Enter your email to receive a free sample from Academic Writing Genres. Below is a checklist for compare and contrast essays.
Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you. There is a downloadable graphic organiser for brainstorming ideas for compare and contrast essays in the writing resources section. Go back to the previous section about persuasion essays. You need to login to view the exercises. If you do not already have an account, you can register for free.
Scroll to Top. He has been teaching English for Academic Purposes since Find out more about him in the about section and connect with him on Twitter , Facebook and LinkedIn. Discussion essays require you to examine both sides of a situation and to conclude by saying which side you favour. Transition signals are useful in achieving good cohesion and coherence in your writing.
Reporting verbs are used to link your in-text citations to the information cited.
Use this prep time to jot down some conclusions you can draw from the body of your essay. The final paragraph isn't just a regurgitation of everything you've said to that point in the paper. You don't want to present completely new information in the conclusion, but you should present the data in a new light or at least with different language. An example thesis is, "Both working and going to college require time management and commitment, but being an employee and being a student are also quite different.
An example is, "Students and employees both work toward goals, face performance evaluations and must meet deadlines. Students, however, pay for the experience while employees earn a paycheck for their hard work. The body of the comparative paper goes through points to demonstrate how the two ideas are similar and different.
As you conclude the paper, use those points to draw conclusions or evaluate the two ideas. When comparing weight lifting and cardiovascular exercise for building muscle, your conclusion might define which one is more effective based on the comparisons you laid out in the article, for example. This demonstrates you are able to synthesize the points you made and interpret them. Your final paragraph in the comparative paper gives you a chance to answer the question "So what?
This helps the reader connect to the essay and shows your purpose. For example, you might say, "Understanding the differences between a private college and public university helps potential students narrow the field when choosing a school.
The knowledge can help students find the best fit at a school that fits the budget and provides the services needed for success. Based in the Midwest, Shelley Frost has been writing parenting and education articles since The main focus of the writer here is on the scope and length of an essay.
The conclusion here is also the main part of an essay that must not only paraphrase the thesis statement, but also share the opinion of the author. The hypothesis is a sentence that gives an idea to the reader what your essay is all about. It is necessary that the first sentence of the essay conclusion must be the paraphrase or restatement of the hypothesis. Make sure all the information you mentioned here must be from your introduction or body paragraphs and the scope of the conclusion must be limited to what you have already mentioned in your essay.
Remember to always end your conclusion with your opinion. Best of luck for your next essay.
This should be brought out in one or two sentences. One thing you need to appreciate on how to conclude a comparative essay is that it should be summative. The information you provide should be restricted to summarizing the key points that you discussed in the essay. However, it is okay to call for further studies if you found gaps that require further action.
Again, this should be brief and not appear to steer focus from wrapping the main points. To make your essay conclusion stand out, it is important to hone your writing skills. Notably, you should not just target perfecting the conclusion. Instead, focus on making the entire compare and contrast essay stand out.
You can do this by reading another top conclusion paragraph for compare and contrast essay example. Here are other useful tips to consider:. For many students, writing the introduction and body of compare and contrast essays is a monumental task. By the time they get to the conclusion, the exhaustion is too much. But you cannot work so hard on the essay and let the conclusion pull down your marks.
You should seek writing help. Writing assistance is offered by professionals with awesome experience on how to end a comparison essay. They have been in the industry and helped many students craft winning conclusions no matter the type of essay.
They can also help you write other assignments such as coursework and term papers so that you can concentrate on crucial tasks or hone personal writing skills. Your email address will not be published. Skip to content. How to Write a Conclusion for a Compare and Contrast Essay When you write a strong conclusion, the reader is left agreeing with the comparison you have brought out in the essay.
Therefore, here are the mechanics of making your essay the best: The structure Notably, the concluding paragraph of an essay closely resembles the introduction, which takes a broad and then narrows the approach. Bringing out the thesis statement in your conclusion The first or the second sentence of the conclusion should be your thesis statement.
Scope One thing you need to appreciate on how to conclude a comparative essay is that it should be summative. Special Tips for Your Compare and Contrast Essay Conclusion To make your essay conclusion stand out, it is important to hone your writing skills.
Here are other useful tips to consider: Make it short. By the time your reader gets to the conclusion of the essay, he will have seen all the points. Therefore, you should be brief and close the essay in style. Ensure the conclusion rhymes well with the rest of the essay. Be real. This is your chance to give a personal opinion about the arguments brought out in the essay.
End the paper in style. In the conclusion of the essay you have the final opportunity to make a permanent impression on the readers. This part is the most difficult for writing. A successful conclusion should fully carry out the argument and the main message of the whole text. There is such type of writing as a compare and contrast essay. In this paper, the writer usually gives the characteristics of some objects and compares them.
We can oversee the difference or likeness of some ideas or situations that were opened by the author in his work. The main thing in this kind of work is to understand what its size will be, because the comparison essay has its own structure. It must include:. Here the conclusion is regarded as the most important section. The conclusion for a compare and contrast essay must necessarily comprise the opinion of the writer and the reworded thesis.
First of all, the author should commit to suitable items for comparison, which will be considered from all sides throughout the article. He also must choose the kind of relationship that will stand out to formulate his argument and, as a result, will be stable in conclusion.
Due to some resources, there are only three kinds of relationship between the compared objects. It can be:.