In this stage, you might find it helpful to formulate some research questions to help guide you. A thesis statement is a statement of your central argument — it establishes the purpose and position of your paper.
If you started with a research question, the thesis statement should answer it. The thesis statement should be concise, contentious, and coherent. That means it should briefly summarize your argument in a sentence or two; make a claim that requires further evidence or analysis; and make a coherent point that relates to every part of the paper. You will probably revise and refine the thesis statement as you do more research, but it can serve as a guide throughout the writing process.
Every paragraph should aim to support and develop this central claim. A research paper outline is essentially a list of the key topics, arguments and evidence you want to include, divided into sections with headings so that you know roughly what the paper will look like before you start writing.
Your priorities at this stage are as follows:. You do not need to start by writing the introduction. Begin where it feels most natural for you — some prefer to finish the most difficult sections first, while others choose to start with the easiest part. If you created an outline, use it as a map while you work. Do not delete large sections of text. Paragraphs are the basic building blocks of research papers.
Each one should focus on a single claim or idea that helps to establish the overall argument or purpose of the paper. Here is an example of a well-structured paragraph. Hover over the sentences to learn more. This impact is particularly obvious in light of the various critical review articles that have recently referenced the essay.
Each time you use a source, make sure to take note of where the information came from. You can use our free citation generators to automatically create citations and save your reference list as you go. The research paper introduction should address three questions: What, why, and how? Be specific about the topic of the paper, introduce the background, and define key terms or concepts.
This is the most important, but also the most difficult, part of the introduction. Try to provide brief answers to the following questions: What new material or insight are you offering? What important issues does your essay help define or answer?
The major struggle faced by most writers is how to organize the information presented in the paper, which is one reason an outline is so useful. However, remember that the outline is only a guide and, when writing, you can be flexible with the order in which the information and arguments are presented. One way to stay on track is to use your thesis statement and topic sentences. Be aware of paragraphs that seem to cover the same things.
If two paragraphs discuss something similar, they must approach that topic in different ways. Aim to create smooth transitions between sentences, paragraphs, and sections. Trace the course of the paper, emphasizing how it all comes together to prove your thesis statement. The goal during the revision and proofreading process is to ensure you have completed all the necessary tasks and that the paper is as well-articulated as possible.
Next, think about sentence structure , grammatical errors and formatting. Check that you have correctly used transition words and phrases to show the connections between your ideas. Look for typos, cut unnecessary words and check for consistency in aspects such as heading formatting and spellings. Finally, you need to make sure your paper is correctly formatted according to the rules of the citation style you are using. Discover our paper editing service.
I have followed all instructions in the assignment sheet. My introduction presents my topic in an engaging way and provides necessary background information. My paper is logically organized using paragraphs and if relevant section headings. Each paragraph is clearly focused on one central idea, expressed in a clear topic sentence. I have used appropriate transitions to clarify the connections between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.
My conclusion provides a concise answer to the research question or emphasizes how the thesis has been supported. I have provided an in-text citation every time I refer to ideas or information from a source. I have included a reference list at the end of my paper, consistently formatted according to a specific citation style. If you are looking for books, do a subject search in the Aleph catalog. A Keyword search can be performed if the subject search doesn't yield enough information. Print or write down the citation information author, title,etc.
Note the circulation status. When you locate the book on the shelf, look at the books located nearby; similar items are always shelved in the same area. The Aleph catalog also indexes the library's audio-visual holdings. Use the library's electronic periodical databases to find magazine and newspaper articles.
Choose the databases and formats best suited to your particular topic; ask at the librarian at the Reference Desk if you need help figuring out which database best meets your needs. Many of the articles in the databases are available in full-text format.
Use search engines Google , Yahoo , etc. Your instructor expects that you will provide credible, truthful, and reliable information and you have every right to expect that the sources you use are providing the same. This step is especially important when using Internet resources, many of which are regarded as less than reliable. Consult the resources you have chosen and note the information that will be useful in your paper.
Be sure to document all the sources you consult, even if you there is a chance you may not use that particular source. The author, title, publisher, URL, and other information will be needed later when creating a bibliography. Begin by organizing the information you have collected. The next step is the rough draft, wherein you get your ideas on paper in an unfinished fashion. This step will help you organize your ideas and determine the form your final paper will take.
After this, you will revise the draft as many times as you think necessary to create a final product to turn in to your instructor. Citing or documenting the sources used in your research serves two purposes: it gives proper credit to the authors of the materials used, and it allows those who are reading your work to duplicate your research and locate the sources that you have listed as references. The final step in the process is to proofread the paper you have created.
A good idea is to provide some recommendations based on the results of your investigation or suggest some directions for further research. Your rough draft is ready. Wondering what to do next? Go on reading to find some tips on how to revise your research paper. No one can write their first draft perfectly.
So, if you want to make a good impression on your professor and earn a high grade, you should revise your draft to make sure that your project is on point. Be ready that you may need to revise your project more than once because it is really worth doing.
You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should make sure that all your ideas are fully developed and all the claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add some section headings. The next stage is editing. You have to check and eliminate filler words and phrases, improve word choice, and correct mistakes in punctuation and grammar if you find any.
You should look for:. You will need to re-read your paper several times. A good strategy is to read your paper backwards. In this way, you will feel a little disoriented and will be able to catch more mistakes. You should start reading the last sentence, then check the second to the last one and continue doing it until you get to your first sentence. You should ask your friends or family members to review your research paper and express their opinion about it. They should evaluate your argument, transitions, and the balance and look for any inconsistencies with usage, grammar or mechanics.
Ask your friends to provide their feedback and make suggested changes if you think they make sense. Finally, you may print your paper and proofread it to eliminate minor mistakes or typos and ensure that your amazing research paper is flawless.
You can use our easy guide to craft winning research papers fast, get better grades, and enjoy your life in college. Alternatively, you can address our specialists to write research paper for you. Patricia Jenkins is the senior writing advisor at FastEssay blog for international students that seek quick paper assistance. In her blog, Patricia shares useful tips on productivity, writing, research, references. Sometimes Patricia goes off topic by sharing her personal experience peppered with lively humor and healthy irony.
View all posts by Patricia Jenkins. Deadline is too close? Order an essay now and get it on time! Quick order. Essay Writing Service. Step 1. Choose a Topic Sometimes college students are assigned with their research paper topics , but if you are fortunate enough to have such an option, choose your topic wisely. Step 2. Write a Working Thesis Statement Prepare a working thesis before you actually organize your research because it will guide your investigation and will help you stay focused on your subject.
All research papers can be divided into 3 categories: argumentative or persuasive if you are arguing the conclusion; expository when you explain information; analytical when you present your analysis of certain information. Here is an example of a debatable thesis statement: Climate change is the most pressing challenge facing the world today. Step 3. Do Research on Your Topic You should find enough secondary and primary credible sources on the subject of your paper, carefully read all of them, and find relevant evidence to support your thesis.
Step 4. Make a Good Outline Your research has given you tons of great ideas. Step 5. Create the First Draft This is the middle of the process. How to Write Body Paragraphs Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper.
How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements. Step 6. Revise, Edit and Proofread You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should look for: incomplete sentences; dangling modifiers; easily confused words such as to, too, and two ; spelling mistakes; apostrophes for possessives and plurals; quotation rules obeyed; comma use; eliminate contractions.
Step 7. Rely on Our Academic Custom Writing Service You can use our easy guide to craft winning research papers fast, get better grades, and enjoy your life in college. Author: Patricia Jenkins Patricia Jenkins is the senior writing advisor at FastEssay blog for international students that seek quick paper assistance. Submit your order right now in 3 minutes. We have a simple order form, because we respect your time. Order now.
Writing service. Write my essay online free. Custom term paper writing. Buying a paper online. Help write my research paper. Buy research proposal phd. Get research paper for sale now. Assignment help experts. Do my homework online. Your thesis does not need to be an absolute truth but something that will provoke thought and can be proven by your research.
We can now make our research questions above into effective, focused thesis statements. Look in the card catalog for books, videos, audiocassettes, the vertical file, etc. Check online paid subscription databasese. Evaluate sources for authority, objectivity, accuracy, and content. Check copyright dates, materials older than five years may not be suitable for certain topics.
Internet sources require special consideration. In the process of doing research, one needs to access information efficiently and effectively. One must also identify a variety of potential sources of information, print as well as online. It is essential to evaluate critically and competently the information found.
While most print resources found in the media center have been chosen for accuracy and quality before inclusion, the Internet presents the researcher with enormous quantities of information that may or may not be authentic, accurate, or objective. Therefore, when using the Internet as an information source, evaluating the information is essential.
Note taking will help you establish a way in which you can easily retrieve information that you have researched. There are many ways to take notes. The preferred method in this district is index cards. However, other methods include graphic organizers, legal pads or other types of paper with source summary information written in a manner that the researcher can understand.
Whichever method you are required to use, be sure to include: subject heading, the note, and an identification of its source. The identification of source is particularly important in your attempts to avoid plagiarism. Paraphrased notes take more time and effort, but they save time in the long run, since they can be incorporated, verbatim, into your final paper. When paraphrasing, read your source at least once, digest it, look away from the source and write the main ideas in your own words, and then check it for accuracy.
Ask your teacher if you are experiencing difficulties taking notes. As you prepare to submit your final paper, evaluate what you have learned. Judge the result of the work in conducting your research effectiveness and the research process efficiency.
Access the materials. Read, hear, view, and touch. Finalize the thesis statement and prepare a working outline. Step 2: Define the task and prepare a working thesis. What question do you want to answer about the topic you have chosen? Step 3: Brainstorm all possible sources. Step 4: Locate and evaluate sources for appropriateness for the assignment. Cautionary note: Using the Internet as an Information Resource In the process of doing research, one needs to access information efficiently and effectively.
Step 5: Access the materials Access possible sources of information by reading, listening, viewing, or touching.
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