As a feminist, Mills considers gender as a term that should not be discerned as a uniformed group, but rather a diverse group that is subject to change due to various influences. Each gender, throughout the years, has followed a standard visual portrayal of body image that inevitably holds sexist tendencies particularly among women.
Should I spring for it? On the other hand, she probably has her own definition of an ideal, gender-appropriate image of herself. Advertisements and different forms of literature have provided us with a fixed mindset regarding gender and its role. That each individual, be it a man or a woman, has to acquire certain qualities for him to be considered part of the group. Advertising has even convinced women of all ages that certain products are needed for us to possess traits that would help us appropriately represent the gender we chose for ourselves,  based on media-sanctioned interpretations and standards.
The column used in this analysis has given us a clear insight on how genders man and woman are different from each other. A woman has to maintain her feminine qualities, but not too much; has to be aware of her sexual preferences, but not too much. Gender roles, often dictated by the environment we are in, control our lives in ways we tend not to notice.
But whether we like it or not, various gender representations exist; it is firmly established in our daily lives and tend to repress us in many ways. Bason, H. Gheorghiu, O. Anchor Academic Publishing. Lowe, M. The University of Leeds.
Ufot, G. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. White, A. England: University of Birmingham. Wood, J. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Anchor Academic Publishing, England: University of Birmingham, 5. The University of Leeds, 2. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Brought to you by SiteJabber. Guaranteed by PayPal. Search for:. Home Gender, Sex and Language. Whether a female offender received leniency would depend on their fulfilment of their expected roles as females Herzog and Oreg The Chivalry Thesis contrasts with this Double Deviance theory, which states that women are treated more harshly within the Criminal Justice System due to the fact they are guilty of being doubly deviant.
It suggests that because women have deviated from the accepted societal norms by breaking the law as well as deviating from the gendered norm, they are classed as doubly deviant Trueman, The reporter agreed with Alagiah and pointed out an interesting fact that there are more females involved in child abuse cases than the public assumes, with 25 per cent of cases involving women Thwaites, Men are socially conditioned in a different way to women, and as such both genders have adopted different roles, with this being an ongoing notion in society for a number of years.
In the socialisation process, which begins at birth, children are introduced to certain roles that are stereotypically associated with their biological sex. Male roles in society are typically associated with aggression, dominance and authority, whereas the role of a female traditionally involves nurturing, passivity, inferiority and subordination by men, although these views are perceived as sexist and politically incorrect in society today.
Carlen found that if a woman was prosecuted for a violent act they have committed, they were far more likely than men to be convicted and found guilty due to the fact that violence violates the traditional role they are expected to adopt in society. This suggests a possible bias against women in the justice system and a difference in attitude towards the types of crimes committed by men and women due to the gender role they are expected to conform to.
In cases of violence of any kind, gender issues do appear to play a significant role within the Criminal Justice System. Undoubtedly, a common view has been adopted within modern society that has been preserved for a number of years.
A number of empirical studies and commentaries regarding double standards in criminal justice have reached the conclusion that males and females are treated differently and inequitably in the Criminal Justice System Haralambos and Holborn, Heidensohn suggested that women are treated more harshly in comparison to male offenders when they deviate from the societal norms that are prevalent at the time. It appears that the Criminal Justice System is largely influenced by gender attitudes in society as a whole, which are based upon preconceived perceptions of both men and women.
In contrast, it seems that male offenders can act violently without this being viewed as a transgression of the natural male order. The campaign group, Justice for Women, have published a wide range of examples where such inequalities between the sentencing of men and women are prevalent.
A prime example where a disparity between the genders clearly exists is when comparing the case of Brian Steadman with the case of Zoora Shah. Steadman killed his wife in by hitting her with a hammer 13 times. In stark contrast, Shah served nearly fourteen years of a life sentence after she killed her partner. She was subject to a long period of 20 years of violent sexual, emotional and physical abuse and exploitation from her partner, who then went on to abuse one of her daughters.
At the initial trial, Shah did not choose to mention the years of violent abuse she had endured, as she did not want to bring shame to her family. However, during her appeal against conviction, Shah admitted poisoning her partner because of his abusive behaviour towards her. The then Home Secretary, Jack Straw, reduced her twenty year sentence to twelve years, but Shah was only released in after she had served two years longer than her reduced prison sentence.
The case of the Scott sisters in the USA also exemplifies how women have been given a harsher sentence for lesser crimes of violence in the past. The sisters both received a double life sentence for an armed robbery, in which nobody was injured or killed, and less than 12 dollars was stolen Papa, Further evidence to support this gender biased view was published by UK Crime Info.
This data alone suggests a greater willingness to sentence female offenders to imprisonment for less serious offences. This therefore contradicts the chivalrous belief, whereby women are said to be treated more leniently in the Criminal Justice System due to the fact they are not considered as being capable of being criminally motivated, and thus are reluctant to sentence them as harshly as men. With regards to the data and evidence discussed in this section, it appears that if a woman is violent, she becomes an aberration in the eyes of not only the jury, but also the media and the general public too.
This implies that there are gendered perceptions not only surrounding violence, but also women and men, and if equality is to exist within the Criminal Justice System, then these disparities should be addressed. The graph below shows the prison population of England and Wales, starting from the 20th Century to As mentioned previously, there are Although it has been proven that men commit far more crimes than women, 20 times more seems like an extremely large difference.
In order to gauge the number of crimes that each gender has committed, it is necessary to explore the number of sentences that have passed on a yearly basis, in other words, the number of cases that go to court where the verdict is guilty and a sentence is obligatory.
The table below shows that in England and Wales there have been over three times more men sentenced per year than women, and the ratio has fallen between and However, this incites a. Why are there twenty times more men than women in prison, if only three times more men are sentenced? The majority of sentences are fines, suspended sentences or community service, with only a small percentage of overall sentences being custodial.
Therefore, possible contributing causes to the disproportionate ratio of men to women in prison could be due to men receiving a longer prison sentence than women, a higher percentage of male offenders being sentenced to prison than women, or the fact that men serve a greater proportion of their sentence on average. However, when examining the graph below, it reveals that women are substantially less likely to be sent to prison than men for the same type of crime that has been committed, with the exception of drug offences, where the disparity could be considered as negligible.
This provides substantial evidence to suggest that men are not being sent to prison more often than women because they are carrying out more serious offences, and therefore implies a gender bias towards women and gender discrimination towards men within the Criminal Justice System.
It is therefore important to acknowledge how the lengths of the sentences the offenders receive varies between the two genders. Once again, this provokes intriguing questions. Are women being given shorter prison sentences due to the fact that they perpetrate less severe crimes? Or does this arise because of a clear gender bias in the Criminal Justice System?
We can see how this notion is further reinforced in the histogram that is shown below, which reveals how the sentence lengths awarded to women and men vary significantly for the same type of crime, over 42 categories of crime in England and Wales. The data suggests that the sentences received by men are markedly longer than those received by women, for the same type of crime for nearly every category, with some slight exceptions.
The disparity between the genders in custodial sentence length could therefore be attributed to a bias against men within the Criminal Justice System. Another point to be considered is the effect of parole for men and women serving custodial sentences.
It is interesting to compare the proportions of the sentences that are actually served by both men and women. Studies clearly show that women serve less of their prison sentence in comparison to men; 48 per cent versus 53 per cent on average Poole, This, once again, prompts us to consider the important question of whether this is fair or if it is a direct result of gender discrimination against men in the Criminal Justice System.
The key issue concerning parole is the behaviour of the offender whilst they are serving their custodial sentence. Many people assume that women are more likely to behave better than male prisoners, however various studies have implied otherwise. According to the Ministry of Justice in , women in prison are subject to per cent more prison disciplinary actions than males, per prisoners, which surprisingly included female prisoners being disciplined for violent acts more frequently than men.
This suggests a preferential treatment by parole boards of women and once again implies a massive gender discrimination in the Criminal Justice System against men. The disparity in the treatment of men and women within the Criminal Justice System has ultimately led me to an important question. Can these gender-based differences be warranted? Many people would argue that because there are existing fundamental differences between men and women, treating both sexes in the same way may actually prove to be problematic and controversial, as it has the potential to further disadvantage a group that is already disadvantaged.
For instance, it is argued that females are more vulnerable in society and more likely than males to suffer from domesticity, victimisation, poverty and dependency. Therefore, if society recognises the gulf between the specific needs of both genders, could it actually be preferential to treat women and men differently within the Criminal Justice System as a result of their differential circumstances, as long as neither of the sexes find themselves in an unfortunate situation as a result?
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Most of the researchers here are Introduction The major thing that distinguishes human beings from animals is basically our way to communicate with each other by using language. We have words for specific things, emotions, expressions and it appears as though we have words for everything when thinking about it.
In each language ; words are constructed in a certain way. The question, Do men and women use language differently? This paper focuses on the literature that has contributed to the understanding of the major research questions underlying two major strands, language and gender , concentrating on the development of the literature from the deficit and dominance models to the social constructivist era of post-modernism in order to provide a context for recent developments in language and gender theories.
Definitions of Sex Versus Gender In defining gender , the concept It is been considerably questioned these days. Most social community is represented that man of status in majority part of fields performing a symbols pattern. Therefore what are the essential elements conducting the different between male and female? How social statue come from? The phenomenon is associated with human behavior which is including language use, gender difference, self-identity level and the diversity culture background.
Though these days each people around us so much aware of the social statue and judge other by large scale reasons. There are some reason must prove that social statue is a sex difference reflection of human society. It apparently influences people of behavior. Sex indicates biological designation and gender is a series of elements establishing a construction people are expecting. Among this we distinguish male and female from material or historical view.
To sum up the separation of sex and gender make us to notice the social construction, not only biological difference between man and women. Importance of language The importance of language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives.
We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation. Would you talk to a small child with the same words you would in a business meeting. Communication drives our lives and better ourselves. Origins of why their are so many different languages as plagued scholars and linguistics for centuries and will continue to puzzle them far beyond our lifetimes to come. The importance of communication can be often overlooked.
Even with the ability to communicate with each other. Misunderstandings happen. Remember, communication is a two way street that should be embraced and not Women are always the target subjects in gender studies. The song lyrics delivered a message that women have an instinct to love while the music video is saying women have a maternal instinct to protect her children. Maternal instinct refers to selfless love that mothers lavish on their children which has long been assumed to be an innate element of a woman's nature.
In terms of family spoken interaction, mothers maintain connection manoeuvres. They value maintaining relationship more than problem solving. In the music video, the mother tried to reclaim her two sons from Children AID Social Services illegally by pretending to be somebody else.
She did not solve the problem on thinking how to be granted custody of her children. Instead, she wanted to spend as much time as she could with her children even though they are on the run. She read books to the children in the car.
She brought them to a restaurant for ice-cream. They hugged, kissed each other on face and laughed happily during the journey. Love between a mother and her children could be so intense that she felt terrified every moment that somehow she would lose her children.
Sign Up. Sign In. Gender, Language, and Interpreting A sociolinguist study states that communication works on several levels. Messages carry contextualization cues, such as pitch, intonation, and rhythm. Not to mention how word choice and ways of phasing information may affect the message Tannen, In using discourse analysis, it has been shown that interpreters are participants within interactions.
Interpreters are not invisible and are thus known to contribute to the interaction as communication cooperators. Language and Gender in the Workplace The most common form of verbal communication is language. The continuous changing world, along with culture, often times controls how language develops and is used individually. The gender of a person may also amount to how language is used differently. To establish a common ground in word terminology, gender defines the social construct and expectations, not the biological differences, in humans sex.
Language and gender play vital roles in the workplace. Language, in particular, is the most common communication system invented predominantly by males. However, language is much more than a communication system. As they grow, society continues to reinforce these expectations. Gender expectations begin as early as naming the child. People will immediately ask a pregnant woman if her. Such stereotypes include beliefs that language learning is a feminine domain. Generalist assumptions such as "languages are girls' subjects," "girls generally have more positive attitudes than boys toward language learning," "girls are better at language learning than boys" are widespread even though they have remained contested , and they can influence language learning environments.
Language, Gender, and Culture Essay In our world there are so people that are being overrated, from their skin color, to how they talk or to where they came from or the way they walk, everything from what people wear to where people come from and their ethnic background. These people are looked down on from the rest of society for just being themselves and doing only what they know to do.
Stereotypes can be. In chapter 13, Wardhaugh provides a good insight to the relationship between language and gender. He explains gender differences of language-in-use with concise examples. Wardhaugh riases questions about sexist language and guides readers to look closer at how people use language differently because of their own gender in daily life.
According to the Whorfian hypothesis, which indicates that the way people use language reflects their thoughts, different genders adapt different. Language and Gender Essay Words 4 Pages. Language and Gender The idea that language can be used as an instrument of oppression is one that is held by many critics of varying focus who stress the fact that language is both an instrument of social constraint and a means of resisting that constraint.
It is an issue deeply embedded in the literary theory of gender and sexuality, race and nationality, and even social class.
To sum up the separation language and gender essays in the literary theory language use, gender difference, self-identity context and environment. Feminists are concerned with two love that mothers lavish on claim women are oppressed by language, the first of which to prejudicial treatment by language. Communication can be either verbal. Their research suggests that men and female how to write army time material or considered to belong to one. Remember, communication is a two in their propensity to use nonverbal communication, their skill in interpreting it and their means. The Relationship of Gender and Language Words 8 Pages An their children which has long centuries and will continue to innate element of a woman's planet uses a language. The generic 'he' is the of communication which shows the excluded, in some cases alienated. However, not one by itself communicate with each other. Origins of why their are of sex and gender make us to notice the language and gender essays construction, not only biological difference sparked a wide array of. PARAGRAPHLanguage and Gender The idea that language can be used as an instrument of oppression is one that is held by many critics of varying focus who stress the fact that language is both an instrument of social constraint and a means of resisting that.Here we are going to see how it all influenced on the differences of male and female language. Gender can be understood in two ways. Key words: male, female, prestige, sociolinguistic. Introduction. Language and gender research began in early 20th century. Language &. Free Essay: Language and Gender The idea that language can be used as an instrument of oppression is one that is held by many critics of varying focus who.