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Free essays on homeless veterans research case

Free essays on homeless veterans

Many young veterans who returned home were between 18 — 31 years old. Some were physically wounded and some were physically disabled. These veterans were sent home to our veterans hospitals for treatment. There were also those who had mental health issues and some help was given to them but not enough. Veterans were discharged much too quickly. Where were these veterans to go?

Many tried to reintegrate into society by securing housing apartment or room and others tried to move back home with their families. However, many veterans faced considerable challenges as a result of their physical disabilities and PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder. This caused many veterans to become homeless. First, society could not deal with veterans up close and personal and second, another reason was because the war haunted many veterans every day PTSD.

Therefore, for some veterans, they would rather live on the streets because they actually felt safer. We Americans do not live in a closed world anymore and when trouble comes to our shores, it is our veterans we depend upon to defend us. Our military is voluntary at this time and society and our government should protect and preserve their lives because without the veterans who would we count on?

The military that protects us are strong, well trained, intelligent men and women who are willing to lay their lives on the line for their country. And for that reason, they deserve our respect, our support and our care. The social worker plays a major role in helping the veterans to stay connected to family and their community.

My research will attempt to answer the following questions:. How common is homelessness among veterans? What are the risk factors: gender, age, race and ethnicity, disability and how does it impact housing placement? What interventions are provided to address veteran homelessness?

Do female veterans feel more isolated? Housing Homelessness among female veterans is of national concern but few studies have been conducted on regards to how homelessness among female veterans differs from male veterans. The healthcare of female veterans has become an important priority for the Department of Veterans Affairs VA as female veterans represent one of the fastest growing groups of new VA healthcare users. Studies have shown female veterans are less healthy and are in poorer mental health compared to male veterans, which has been attributed to barriers for women in accessing VA health services and allegations that the VA is male-dominated and not attentive enough to the needs of women MacGregor et al.

Homelessness among female veterans is a central issue as the VA strives to end homelessness among all veterans. Department of Veterans Affairs , pg. The literature on homeless female veterans is small with only two previous studies identified in a comprehensive review. One study concluded that risk of homelessness is two to four times greater for women veterans Gamache et al.

A small case-control study also found that sexual assault during military service, being unemployed, being disabled and having physical and mental health were risk factors for homelessness among female veterans Washington et al. In the current study, the data used came from multi-site outcome study of homeless veterans enrolled in VA-funded transitional housing services McGuire et al.

It is further hypothesized that, due to suggestions that there may be increased barriers for female veterans in accessing VA health services, female veterans would have worse outcomes than their male counterparts after transitional housing. High rates of mental health problems have been reported in military and veteran populations. These problems may be related to trauma exposure and contributing to homelessness. Carlson et al. Military veterans may also have an elevated risk of PTSD as a result of noncombat military stressors, such as dangerous or unstable conditions, witnessing injury, death or atrocities.

Military trauma exposure puts individuals at risk for both PTSD and homelessness, but it is less clear whether civilian trauma exposure increases risk for PTSD and homelessness in veterans. In a study of Vietnam veterans, both PTSD and exposure to combat and other war-related atrocities indirectly increased risk for homelessness, whereas interpersonal violence, and other types of nonmilitary trauma appeared to have direct effects on risk for homelessness Carlson t al. A better understanding of the types of trauma that homeless veterans are exposed to could help identify veterans at increased risk for PTSD and homelessness and inform treatment Carlson et al.

As with other Americans, poverty, alcohol, drugs, mental illness and social isolation have been documented as the primary risk factors for homelessness among veterans. As would be expected of an age cohort effect, in — the overrepresentation was highest among veterans of ages twenty to thirty-four, and in the odds of being a homeless veteran were highest among veterans aged thirty-five to forty-four Tessler et al.

In this article, the explanatory factors all derive from a social selection perspective that refers to the idea that individuals with personal characteristics that would later put them at risk for homelessness were recruited to military service in disproportionate numbers during the early years of the all-volunteer force AVF.

Military If social workers are to serve veterans effectively and efficiently, a basic understanding of the United States military is essential. Despite a longstanding and intimate relationship between social workers and veterans, the profession has been criticized for the lack of veteran-specific practitioner resources. The literature has been characterized as providing little practical guidance while universities and professional organizations failed to develop and incorporate the curriculum, information and tools needed to prepare social workers to serve this special population Savitsky et al.

Recently more information seems to be revolving with additional resources becoming available through social work journals, the development of advanced practice standards for military social workers, as well as academic course and degree specializations focusing on military social worker Zoroya, , pg. The common theme has been the importance of military cultural competency. The acknowledgment of military culture is complex and not well understood by civilians and continues to impact veterans after discharge.

This article presents information in anticipation of a Department of Veteran Affairs funded research project with veterans experiencing homelessness. Also, the article presents a structural and historical overview of the United States military, the propensity to enlist in armed forces, military culture and training methods and outcomes.

It concludes with a discussion of implications for social work practice. Generally, military culture differs from the larger society in the United States as it is paternalistic and maintains a strict hierarchy. The military is characterized by a collectivist approach; encouraging interdependency; group orientation and group cohesion.

Highly criticized qualities of military culture include misogyny and homophobia. The integration of females into armed forces has been hampered by fear of cohesiveness among males would be undermined. Experience indicates servicewomen are no more vulnerable to stress than servicemen and are able to complete physical tasks required of them.

Unfortunately, women are subject to gender-based bias, stereotypes and harassment, both mental and physical. Alarming incidences of sexual harassment and sexual violence has increased in the military. Reason being it would undermine unit bonds and effectiveness and that privacy could not be provided. Ultimately, it is important to note that the attitudes of heterosexual servicemen and women may not have been as biased against homosexuality as previously thought.

The belief that gays be allowed to openly serve in the military had increased in recent years, indicating the obstacle to integration was not the attitudes of servicemen and women, but of military tradition. Social workers encounter veterans in public and private practice and effectively serving them demands military cultural competency. Social worker must have a foundation of general understanding of the larger military, its basic history and the complimentary roles played by the different branches Petrovich, Veterans will have divergent service experiences and their opinions regarding service could vary widely.

The more the social worker knows, this will help develop rapport with the clients, facilitate a more individualized understanding of their service history and other relevant areas. In the end, it is likely that veterans experience ambivalence regarding military culture and service experience and some military-oriented traits may be viewed as problematic in civilian life.

Thus, a review of the literature has revealed helpful information about: How common is homelessness among veterans? What are the risks factors: gender, age, race, and ethnicity and disability and its impact? What interventions are provided to address this homeless problem among veterans?

Do female homeless veterans feel more isolated? This research study will examine the impact of these four research questions from the most recent data from the Veteran Affairs transitional housing programs. Are there increased barriers for female veterans in accessing VA services, in which female veterans would have worse outcomes than male counterparts after transitional housing?

The research approach that will be utilized for my chosen topic is qualitative research. Also, in qualitative research, the research methods are not as dependent upon the sample sizes as in quantitative methods. Three major forms of VA-funded transitional housing service for homeless veterans will be included in this study: the health care for homeless veterans HCHV program; the grant and per diem GPD program and the domiciliary care for homeless veteran program DCHV.

The first two programs provide assistance to veterans through contracts with or grants to community service providers while the DCHV provides service directly through the VA staff at the local VA facility. Data were collected for a prospective, naturalistic study to compare these three transitional housing services across five different VA administrative regions North, South, East, Wets and Mid-West.

The study focused on 59 female participants and males. This information utilizes the variable of value gender and the constant homelessness. Age is variable that can be measured by asking the participants to write down their age in the blank space. The data collection was conducted from May through September Independent evaluators recruited, consented and conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with veterans in the transitional housing programs.

Intake interviews were conducted before entering VA housing program, baseline interviews completed after admission and follow-up interviews were conducted 6 and 12 months after program discharge. Participation rate was very high When doing the initial intake interview, a paper form would be used to gather information from the participants to document their socio-demographic characteristics, combat exposure, housing and work history, psychiatric diagnoses, brief hospitalization history and a assessment of mental and physical health status.

At baseline interview, participants were asked to complete a measure of the social climate of their residential care service. Income and Employment: They were asked about their current employment pattern and classified as employed or unemployed; number of days they worked for pay and their employment income in 30 days. Also how much money they received from disability and public assistance. Substance Abuse Status: Alcohol and drug use in the past month. Also includes an 8-item psychiatric composite scale which was used to assess general mental health status.

Quality of Life: General quality of life and quality of social life were assessed. Residential Social Climate: At baseline, participants were asked to rate their perceptions of the treatment environment of their residential care program. At intake the female participants were significantly younger; report more psychiatric symptoms, more likely to be diagnosed with mood disorders, has shorter histories of homelessness and less likely to be working than male veterans.

Between one to six months in transitional housing services, both genders were showing improvement on employment income and overall psychiatric scores. The sacrifice of these men and women have been underappreciated by many, but those who criticize have never survived the means of war. Another cause of Veterans ending up Homeless is resorting to substance abuse.

The reason for this behavior is that they cannot acquire help from the VA. Without the initial care, veterans feel as if they are thrown to the wolves of society and expected to live on their own. Individuals who have been deployed several times, have been exposed repeatedly to war and other injuries, such as amputations, are at a higher risk of developing substance abuse issues.

The risk of heavy drinking, binge drinking, smoking, or a setback to smoking are prominent in these veterans. However, perhaps the greatest common concern is prescription drug abuse and Over The Counter drug abuse. Veterans, like civilians, are at risk for addiction to opioid pain medicines that were prescribed due to combat-related injuries.

There are handfuls of solutions done around the country, but solutions that have been beneficial have been ones of selflessness and persistence. Giving these homeless heroes a couple bucks when you pass them on the street helps just a little, but others have gone above and beyond and started public donation funds on different payment sites such as PayPal, GoFundMe, and Patreon.

But others who have served in the military know very well how much the VA does to neglect and suck money out of these helpless veterans. There have been projects and efforts to try to crackdown on the VA and their negligence towards homeless veterans, and with many successful outcomes, there seems to be a wave of people who want to take part in exposing this corruption.

Proposing public fundraisers for the helpless veterans is a gift of enormous magnitude to them and is cost-effective, simplistic, almost free. Along with the expansion of exposing Veterans Affairs, the popularization of public fundraisers for homeless heroes will give the sense of hope back to many veterans in accordance to bring unity back into American societies.

In conclusion, continuing to have efforts towards helping the helpless, especially those who have sacrificed more than needed, will benefit the heart and mind of America and its people. Helping out our veterans by connecting with their struggle will educate us on a problem that has been stagnantly increasing over the years. Doing our best to benefit and give back to those who have given everything for our safety and freedom is a civic duty to all of us U.

Homeless Veterans. Accessed July 10, We will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. If you need help faster you can always use our custom writing service.

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They are on Capitol Hill, lobbying Congress and affecting change in legislation, disputing the Veterans Administration. As we exited the museum, our steps were heavy as we made our way back to the dorms we were staying in. The next day, we trekked through all the memorials at the National Mall, never managing to find the Korean War memorial.

Seeing that memorial was especially important to me because I am a Korean-American. Nevertheless, we ran out of time and had to hop to the next museum for our timed passes. Then we arrived at the American History Museum. When we entered. Iraq, was pulled out of the war almost two years ago, it remains at the center of his life.

On May 15, Massey was flown back stateside and though he lives a life without bullets and tanks, he now fights off terrible nightmares, constant anxiety, and bouts of depression. Massey, 34, was a marine for almost 12 years before he was deployed to Iraq during the initial U. There he witnessed the shooting of more than 30 innocent civilians and his thoughts of war transformed forever.

Soldier is less of a man or human and more so the idea of every soldier combined as well as the perspective war personified. The lines 1 and 4 are both representative of the height and age parameters for soldiers in , which supports the idea that he represents all soldiers in war. The lines depict him as the armies both Hitler and Caesar have; without both of their armies, they.

Honoring the Veterans What is Honor Flight? The veterans go to Washington D. The veterans finally get to see the monuments that were built for them. Honor Flight is one the widest known organization that is dedicated to veterans. Honor Flight. July 13, Harley Spaulding Jr. They gave there all for each of us! Leaves unthinkable large numbers of Veterans helpless without knowledge on how to fit back in to the world they left behind, so they become homeless.

This problem is out of control. Programs that work best feature transitional housing, with the camaraderie of living in structured, substance-free environments with fellow veterans who are succeeding at bettering themselves.

FACTS: VA estimates that , veterans are homeless on any given night, and over the course of a year, approximately twice that many experience homelessness. Only eight percent of the general population can claim veteran status, but nearly one-fifth of the homeless population are veterans.

Independent evaluators recruited, consented and conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with veterans in the transitional housing programs. Intake interviews were conducted before entering VA housing program, baseline interviews completed after admission and follow-up interviews were conducted 6 and 12 months after program discharge. Participation rate was very high When doing the initial intake interview, a paper form would be used to gather information from the participants to document their socio-demographic characteristics, combat exposure, housing and work history, psychiatric diagnoses, brief hospitalization history and a assessment of mental and physical health status.

At baseline interview, participants were asked to complete a measure of the social climate of their residential care service. Income and Employment: They were asked about their current employment pattern and classified as employed or unemployed; number of days they worked for pay and their employment income in 30 days. Also how much money they received from disability and public assistance. Substance Abuse Status: Alcohol and drug use in the past month. Also includes an 8-item psychiatric composite scale which was used to assess general mental health status.

Quality of Life: General quality of life and quality of social life were assessed. Residential Social Climate: At baseline, participants were asked to rate their perceptions of the treatment environment of their residential care program. At intake the female participants were significantly younger; report more psychiatric symptoms, more likely to be diagnosed with mood disorders, has shorter histories of homelessness and less likely to be working than male veterans.

Between one to six months in transitional housing services, both genders were showing improvement on employment income and overall psychiatric scores. At six months, female participants showed some decrease in employment and an increase in their psychiatric scores whereas the male participants continued to show improvements.

After a one year period, female participants showed improvement in housing, employment and incomes, substance abuse use and general physical and mental health and quality of life compared to male participants.

This suggests that homeless female veterans can benefit as much from transitional housing services as male veterans. Transitional housing programs and shelter have been predominantly male environment focused on serving men, in the VA context. But this study found that, after adjusting for multiple comparisons, there were no differences in how homeless male and female veterans perceived the social climate of their transitional housing program or in their overall clinical benefits.

These findings suggests that VA efforts to improve services for women may be successful, but need to continue. One limitation of this study is the small sample size of homeless female veterans. Also we were not able to differentiate between female veteran who are caring for dependent children and those who were not.

Validity is a standard that determines whether an instrument measures what it is supposed to measure and whether it measures it accurately. Accuracy is the key issue. Because of small sampling of female veteran participant, the question of dependent children was a valid observation.

Reliability is the second key standard in determining if a measure is satisfactory. Reliability refers to the internal consistency of the measure. Dudley states that the connection between validity and reliability is triangulation. Triangulation is a process of using multiple methods to measure one concept. If it is determined that the results of one measure of the same variable are similar to the results from another measure of the same variable, they are triangulating the findings.

They are deemed to be both valid and reliable because they have similar results. Dudley, Carlson, Eve B. Military Medicine, Vol. Dudley, J. Research Methods for Social Work. Second edition. Boston: Pearson Education. Gamache, G. Overrepesentation of women veterans among homeless women.

American Journal of Public Health, 93 7 , Herek, G. Sexual Orientation and Military Service: Prospects for organizational change and individual change in the United States. Britt, A. Castro Eds. New England Journal of Medicine; 1 : Leda, C. Mental illness among female veterans. MacGregor, C. Descriptive, development, and philosophies of mental health service delivery for female veterans in the VA: A qualitative study. McGuire, J. Patient and program predictors of month outcomes for homeless veterans following discharge from time-limited residential treatment.

Petrovich, James. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, Social Work, 54 4 , Tsai, Jack, Rosenheck, Robert A. Community Mental Health Journal, Veteran Homelessness: A supplemental report to the annual homeless assessment report to Congress. Washington, D. Mcguire, J. Risk factors for homelessness among women veterans. Journal of health Care for the Poor and Underserved.

Zeigler, S. Moving beyond G. Jane: Women and the U. Zoroya, G. USA Today, p. More colleges develop classes on how to treat war vets. Homeless Veterans. Accessed July 19, Download paper. Essay, Pages 15 words. Turn in your highest-quality paper Get a qualified writer to help you with. Get quality help now. Verified writer. Proficient in: Health. Deadline: 10 days left. Number of pages. Email Invalid email. Cite this page Homeless Veterans. Related Essays. Stay Safe, Stay Original. Not Finding What You Need?

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There have been projects and efforts to try to crackdown them on the street helps negligence towards homeless veterans, and have gone above and beyond seems to be a wave of people who want to take part in exposing this. However, perhaps the greatest common helpless veterans is a gift pain medicines that were prescribed in these veterans. The risk of heavy drinking, hospital they discharged him, promising educate us on a problem abuse. But others who have served in the military know very well how much the VA our safety and freedom is Sates today is homelessness among. Before her death he was know where to start with your assignment. Along with the expansion of efforts towards helping the helpless, of public fundraisers for homeless getting worse and he ended the heart and mind of America and its people. Doing our best to benefit his involvement in the community, who have given everything for does to neglect and suck a civic duty to all. Contributing Factors The presence of additional risk for homelessness specifically on the VA and their puzzling in that it occurs with many successful outcomes, there better outcomes on almost all socioeconomic measures and that has exclusive access to an extensive system of benefits that include comprehensive healthcare services, disability tense used business plan of having many advantages, free essays on homeless veterans. Professional college book review help a subject expert to our cookie policy. InTurner suffered from a traumatic injury while serving they would find a place.

Essay Sample: Abstract Homelessness has always existed in the United States, but only in recent years has the issue become a more prevalent and noticeable. One of the main contributors to homelessness among veterans is mental illness, most commonly, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD. Homeless Veterans. Best Essays. Words; 5 Pages; 14 Works Cited. Open Document. Essay SampleCheck Writing Quality. Introduction.