english essay introduction structure

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Year after year, we review dozens of reader nominations, revisit sites from past lists, consider staff favorites, and search the far-flung corners of the web for new celebration of new year essay for a varied compilation that will prove an asset to any writer, of any genre, at any experience level. This selection represents this year's creativity-centric websites for writers. These websites fuel out-of-the-box thinking and help writers awaken their choke palahnuik and literary analysis. Be sure to check out the archives for references to innovative techniques and processes from famous thinkers like Einstein and Darwin. The countless prompts, how-tos on guided imagery and creative habits, mixed-media masterpieces, and more at Creativity Portal have sparked imaginations for more than 18 years. Boost your literary credentials by submitting your best caption for the stand-alone cartoon to this weekly choke palahnuik and literary analysis from The New Yorker. The top three captions advance to a public vote, and the winners will be included in a future issue of the magazine.

English essay introduction structure mfa interaction design thesis

English essay introduction structure

Read on to find out how to do this by writing a good thematic framework. The point of essay structure is to develop a sustained argument. This demonstrates that there is a logical sequence to writing an essay. As we considered in the previous post, this process looks like:. Matrix provides students with detailed theory books, insightful lessons with expert instructors, and practical feedback to help students improve their marks!

Find out more. The thematic framework is a crucial piece of signposting in an essay. But what is signposting? Signposting is giving cues to a reader so they know where they are orientated in your essay. When we introduce the themes in an introduction , we are telling the reader what to expect as we progress through the argument.

This is the thematic framework. The topic sentences we use to introduce our body paragraphs have a direct connection to the thematic framework in our introduction. When the reader reads the topic sentences, they see a cue that reminds them of what and how we said we were going to argue.

This creates a sustained argument. Before we look at how to write a topic sentence, we need to have a thesis to link to. We will continue to answer the same question:. To what extent do you agree with this statement? Make use of detailed references to the play in your response. An essay is our opinion on the text, this is reflected in any statement we make. It is implicit in our response. Now that we have made a thesis statement, we need to explain what themes we will discuss and how we will approach them.

This introduction example is taken from our interactive essay example on the history of Braille. The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation.

The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Your first sentence sets the tone for the whole essay, so spend some time on writing an effective hook.

Avoid overly broad claims or plain statements of fact. The first sentence is a dry fact; the second sentence is more interesting, making a bold claim about exactly why the topic is important. The improved example here is still broad, but it gives us a much clearer sense of what the essay will be about. Instead of just stating a fact that the reader already knows, the improved hook here tells us about the mainstream interpretation of the book, implying that this essay will offer a different interpretation.

Next, give your reader the context they need to understand your topic and argument. Depending on the subject of your essay, this might include:. The information here should be broad but clearly focused and relevant to your argument. How much space you need for background depends on your topic and the scope of your essay. In our Braille example, we take a few sentences to introduce the topic and sketch the social context that the essay will address:.

Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. This is your thesis statement —a sentence or two that sums up your overall argument. This is the most important part of your introduction. Keep it concise and give your reader a clear sense of the direction your argument will take.

If your argument has gone in a different direction than planned, tweak your thesis statement to match what you actually say. You have a strong introduction - now make sure the rest of your essay is just as good. This introduction to an argumentative essay sets up the debate about the internet and education, and then clearly states the position the essay will argue for.

The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts is on the rise, and its role in learning is hotly debated. For many teachers who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful. This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its critical benefits for students and educators—as a uniquely comprehensive and accessible information source; a means of exposure to and engagement with different perspectives; and a highly flexible learning environment.

This introduction to a short expository essay leads into the topic the invention of the printing press and states the main point the essay will explain the effect of this invention on European society. In many ways, the invention of the printing press marked the end of the Middle Ages. The medieval period in Europe is often remembered as a time of intellectual and political stagnation.

Prior to the Renaissance, the average person had very limited access to books and was unlikely to be literate. The invention of the printing press in the 15th century allowed for much less restricted circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation.

Arguably the first science fiction novel, its plot can be read as a warning about the dangers of scientific advancement unrestrained by ethical considerations. However, far from providing a stable image of the character, Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to gradually transform our impression of Frankenstein, portraying him in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on. Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:.

The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay. To write a good hook, avoid overly broad statements or long, dense sentences. A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay. Everything else you write should relate to this key idea. The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:. Without a clear thesis, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.

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How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions. This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.

This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end.

If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular. Mapping an Essay. Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds.

The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea. Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material.

Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:. Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though—the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one. Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas.

Signs of Trouble. A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" also labeled "summary" or "description". Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. Such essays generally have a descriptive thesis rather than an argumentative one.

Be wary of paragraph openers that lead off with "time" words "first," "next," "after," "then" or "listing" words "also," "another," "in addition". Although they don't always signal trouble, these paragraph openers often indicate that an essay's thesis and structure need work: they suggest that the essay simply reproduces the chronology of the source text in the case of time words: first this happens, then that, and afterwards another thing.

Skip to main content. Main Menu Utility Menu Search. Answering Questions: The Parts of an Essay A typical essay contains many different kinds of information, often located in specialized parts or sections. Mapping an Essay Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. In this post, we will answer these questions and then give you a step-by-step guide to writing a thematic framework.

Students are often told to produce a sustained argument, but they do not know how to do this. This is because they do not realise how the parts of an essay fit together as a unified whole to present a clear and sustained thesis. A good introduction structure is crucial to producing a sustained argument. Learning how to write a thematic framework is a crucial step in developing essay writing skills.

Band 6 essays score highly because they have excellent structure. Readers must be able to follow you argument from the thesis, to the introduction of themes, and then onto your body paragraphs. Writing a strong thematic framework is part of good essay introduction structure. You need it to create a sustained argument to score a Band 6 result! Read on to find out how to do this by writing a good thematic framework. The point of essay structure is to develop a sustained argument.

This demonstrates that there is a logical sequence to writing an essay. As we considered in the previous post, this process looks like:. Matrix provides students with detailed theory books, insightful lessons with expert instructors, and practical feedback to help students improve their marks! Find out more. The thematic framework is a crucial piece of signposting in an essay. But what is signposting? Signposting is giving cues to a reader so they know where they are orientated in your essay.

When we introduce the themes in an introduction , we are telling the reader what to expect as we progress through the argument. This is the thematic framework. The topic sentences we use to introduce our body paragraphs have a direct connection to the thematic framework in our introduction.

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But what is signposting? Signposting is giving cues to a reader so they know where they are orientated in your essay. When we introduce the themes in an introduction , we are telling the reader what to expect as we progress through the argument. This is the thematic framework. The topic sentences we use to introduce our body paragraphs have a direct connection to the thematic framework in our introduction.

When the reader reads the topic sentences, they see a cue that reminds them of what and how we said we were going to argue. This creates a sustained argument. Before we look at how to write a topic sentence, we need to have a thesis to link to. We will continue to answer the same question:. To what extent do you agree with this statement? Make use of detailed references to the play in your response.

An essay is our opinion on the text, this is reflected in any statement we make. It is implicit in our response. Now that we have made a thesis statement, we need to explain what themes we will discuss and how we will approach them. We call this section of the introduction the thematic framework. But we do need to explain briefly what aspects of them we will discuss, and how they relate to our argument. Thus, a good thematic framework should be at least two to three sentences for a three theme essay.

In this example, for the sake of presenting a clear example, we will present one sentence for each theme:. This is the process Matrix English Advanced students are taught to use when writing their introductions. When you write your own thematic framework, you could use two sentences if you want to be more concise. We would recommend that you make it at least two sentences, ensuring you include enough detail to foreground the argument you will present in the body. Before you start, you should first identify the purpose of your introduction.

First, its purpose is to hook your readers so that they will read on and see what you have to say. Second, it will provide a guideline for your topic and main argument, known as the thesis statement. It can be an interesting fact, a surprising statistic, or a quote from a well-known person. Choose the right hook based on your topic and style.

Your readers need enough information to understand the background of your essay. Make sure, however, to keep it short, too, not to lose their interest. Your thesis statement, on the other hand, should provide an answer to the main problem of your essay.

This depends on the overall length of your essay. There is no set rule for how long an introduction should be. For a 2- to a 3-page essay, the appropriate length is usually one paragraph. A general rule is that your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. Being able to write a good essay is an essential skill for your future.

To write a good introduction paragraph, you need to first identify your audience. You want your essay to evoke emotions and to keep your readers interested from start to finish. Before you can do that, you need to know who your readers are.

Choose your audience based on the subject matter of your essay. Your target audience determines what information you should include and what you can leave out. This is a good strategy, especially when writing a persuasive essay introduction about a personal topic. It will help you get your audience emotionally involved in the topic. Another strategy is to ask thought-provoking questions. This way, you will draw your readers in by making them think about your subject matter.

As long as these questions are intriguing enough, your readers will want to find out the answers. Perhaps you have heard of the upside-down pyramid. Place your hook at the top, and use 2 to 3 sentences to describe the wider context of your thesis. You should try to make each sentence more specific than the one before it. Then you could provide statistics about the problem in a specific country, and finally narrow it down to a particular age group or social group.

In many cases, you can move straight from your introduction to the first paragraph of your body. Sometimes, however, you may need a transition sentence to move naturally to the rest of your essay. You can test whether you need this transition sentence by reading your introduction and the first paragraph of your body out loud. On the other hand, others find it convenient to write the introduction first and use it as an outline for the rest of the essay. While your introduction needs to be short, it should also convey a lot of information.

The next sentences build a bridge between your hook and the general topic of your essay. The ending sentence of your introduction should include your thesis statement or points that you will discuss in more detail in the body and which support the main argument of your essay. This is important for those who prefer to write their introduction first.

Make every sentence count and remove any unnecessary parts. We have been in the business long enough to know the ins and outs of a perfect essay. Save your time and let us ease your burden. Samples are useful for learning how to put all the information into action. Check the samples below to figure out what your introduction should look like.