Montesdeoca, S. Seah, H. Rall, and D. Sito, Tom. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Referencing and Chicago style Further help Notes - basic patterns Bibliography - basic patterns Types of bibliographies Bibliography formatting guide Multiple works by the same author or editor Location of online works Secondary source - in bibliography Sources that can be omitted Bibliography example Books Chapters and other parts of a book Ebooks Journal articles Magazine articles Newspaper articles Reference works Theses and dissertations Websites Blogs Social media Artworks and graphics Graphic arts Live performances Exhibition catalogues Film and broadcast media Television and radio Advertisements Online videos Podcasts Sound recordings Reports Legal resources Lectures and paper presentations Unpublished interviews and personal communications Reviews Tables and figures Tables - Examples Figures - Examples.
Types of bibliographies Bibliography Your bibliography should include every work that you cite in your text, as well as works that were important to your thinking, even if you did not mention them in your text. There are other types of bibliography which you may be asked to create: Selected bibliography If a bibliography only includes some of the sources you have used, it should be labelled Selected Bibliography.
Single-author bibliography This is a list of works by a single author. Bibliography formatting guide Title Include the title Bibliography. Arrangement Arrange your references alphabetically by the last name of the author, editor, or whoever is first in the entry.
Indent Hanging indent your references the first line is flush left and all following lines are indented. Line spacing In general, single space your references, but make sure there is a line space between references. Titles with subtitles Cite the complete title, with any subtitles. Separate titles from subtitles with a colon. If there are two subtitles, use a colon before the first and a semicolon before the second.
Capital letters in titles In general, titles should be headline style capitalise the first letter of all the major words in the title. Place of publication This is the city where the publisher's main editorial offices are listed. Auckland: Huia. Oxford: Whitechapel Press. Multiple works by the same author or editor When you reference more than one work by an author or editor in your paper, list them alphabetically by title ignoring articles such as a or the. Alternatively, you can use six small dashes.
List all these works before any that the individual co-authored or co-edited. Location of online works For a work that you found online, choose the appropriate location information to include: If there is a DOI Digital Object Identifier listed with the work, use that. If you found the work by searching a library or commercial database, you can use the database name instead of a URL.
A DOI is a string of characters that commonly identifies a journal article, but can also be found on other publication types, including books. All DOIs start with For example: doi Always use the DOI in your citation, if available. Database name If you found the work by searching a library or commercial database, you may give the name of the database instead of a URL. Secondary source - in bibliography If a source that you are using includes a useful quotation from another source, you should try to obtain the original and cite that, in order to verify that the quotation is accurate and quoted in context.
Sources that can be omitted By convention, you can leave references to the following source types out of your bibliography. Bibliography example Bibliography Ferguson, Scott. Report a problem. Include the title Bibliography. Arrange your references alphabetically by the last name of the author, editor, or whoever is first in the entry.
Hanging indent your references the first line is flush left and all following lines are indented. Line spacing. In general, single space your references, but make sure there is a line space between references. Titles with subtitles. Cite the complete title, with any subtitles. Capital letters in titles. Benjoseph, John J. Caspari and R. Caspari, E. Midwest edition, p. Clarke New York: Citadel Press, , Kaiser, Ernest. New York: Citadel Press, Jacobs, James B.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Jacobs Chicago: University of Chicago Press, xiv-xv. Zimring, Franklin E. For entries from an encyclopedia, dictionary, or other standard reference book, the abbreviation "s. Well-known reference books are usually not listed in bibliographies. Pellegrina, Joseph. Mortimer, Gail.
Bryant, Peter J. Browning, Tonya. When a work has already been cited in complete form, later references to it are made in a shortened form. The abbreviation " ibid. If the page number on the second citation is different, include that after the ibid. The second reference to a chapter or article includes only a shortened version of the article. Bibliographic Forms. Chance Encounters.
Boston: Serendipity Press,
Writing dissertation proposal. UK and found that the marine animals have high concentration of the chemical in their body fat. The examples below will show you how to construct a simple bibliographic citation for different types of materials. Various types of American Windmills are still used for agricultural purposes all.
Explore thousands of classroom-tested bibliographies created by educators like you. The most obvious examples come from biology. Unsurprisingly, books are one of the key types of resource in the BNB dataset. You can change the type of list used for rendering the bibliography. A bibliography is an alphabetical list of all the sources used in your research; It appears at the end of your report or essay.
Library catalogues are simply bibliographies that represent the choices made. A writer of analytical bibliographies uses them to critically study books. The writer of an analytical bibliography may include information about printers and booksellers, descriptions of paper and binding, or discussions of issues that unfolded as the book evolved from a manuscript to published book.
Three types of analytical bibliographies include descriptive, historical, and textual. A descriptive bibliography closely examines the physical nature of the book. A historical bibliography discusses the context in which the book was produces. A textual bibliography compares the published work to the author's original manuscript.
In this type of bibliography, a writer creates an alphabetical list of sources. The writer of an annotated bibliography outlines the type of research done on a certain topic. The writer annotates, or adds notes about, the sources. Therefore, in addition to information about the research sources, the writer comments on the source. The writer may summarize. This means she gives information about the content of each reference. The writer may assess. This means she will evaluate the usefulness of the source.
The writer may also reflect. This means she will give her perspective on the usefulness of the text to her particular research. James Guilford has been writing since