When the world-class media houses are leaning gradually towards this newly emerged concept, how can India stay behind? But this new phenomenon imposed several questions too. As per the words of Kolodzy , in the s, the Web changed the news audiences from passive consumers to interactive consumers. Then, Briggs highlighted the concept, as readers are no longer passive receivers of messages. They create, share and comment. Thus the internet is the backbone of the citizen journalism. The knowledge to utilize technology and put the correct information at the correct point of time by any individual can create havoc in the media industry.
The urge to know more and explore more gives the birth of CJ. In the Indian context, we could claim that the internet influence the practice of this kind of journalism both actively and passively. This will be discussed later. Though citizen journalism has been recognized as a powerful force in India, not many studies have been conducted on the subject in the country. Today in India, the mainstream media is mostly controlled either by corporate or political parties.
Thus they are forced to divert from its objective and focusing more on profit-making motive resulting in many social, important issues and stories relating to the masses are either neglected or rejected by the media which has led to a huge gap between issues reported and neglected. Majorly two factors contributed to the rise of citizen journalism in India and made it a powerful tool. These are:.
Meri news is one of such initiatives in the country. But the practice of CJ in urban India varies from that of rural India. Though the concept of citizen journalism took a major step ahead post Nirbhaya case in Delhi but the practice of citizen journalism dated back much before that at a very regional level. He was residing at a place near to the Hotel Taj Palace and heard the sound of bullets. Before the journalists of mainstream media houses could reach there, he captured photos and footages of the attack from his terrace and uploaded on social media platforms.
But for the first time in the history of India the power of citizens through social media was seen and the impact was tremendous after the Delhi Gang Rape Nirbhaya Case — that involved a rape and murder of young year-old female physiotherapy intern who was beaten and gang-raped in a bus in which she was travelling with her male companion on December 16, , in New Delhi. An innumerable number of citizens came forward to report the protest events after the incident.
As Citizen Journalists they were actively posting photographs and videos online and the mainstream media was taking user-generated content. The young technology savvy Indians spread its national outrage across the country. Netizens across the country united together to voice their opinions against the weak law and flaws in our legal system within days it became a place for social change in India.
Some other local stories of Citizen Journalism involves Brajesh Kumar Chauhan who fought the water mafia is an example of how citizen journalists often risk their lives to gather evidence and report stories that have long been ignored by the mainstream media.
His story is a complex one of development, migration, urbanization, and corruption. But for him, it is simply a fight to get a glass of drinking water for himself and his community. Inspired by this, Brajesh Kumar decided to collect evidence and report the problems in his area. This programme is completely based on consumer-generated content.
The way the massive agitation of in Kashmir Valley was covered by the local people in the backdrop of Shri Amarnath land transfer row on the social media set an exemplary of citizen journalism in India at a very regional level. For the first time a large number of civilians recorded the violation of human rights in Kashmir on their mobile phone cameras to expose alleged atrocities by paramilitary forces. They recorded the firing, stone pelting, tear gas shelling and killings of several people on their mobile phone cameras and uploaded them on various social media platforms to expose the reality to the rest of the world Noor, It targets the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
Due to the lack of trained journalists and established news sources and regional media organizations, the penetration of media is comparatively less in Chattisgarh. While newspapers and television stations have a presence in the state, only rarely do they cater to the needs or broadcast the voices of the Adivasi tribal population. Since , the CGNet website and mailing list have provided a platform for discussion of issues related to the development of Chattisgarh.
While the site and mailing list are active, with more than messages per month, but dependence on the Internet made it difficult for rural communities—those most impacted by the issues at hand—to access or contribute to the dialogue. Internet penetration in Chhattisgarh is only 0. They just need to call the server and give the details. In the first 34 months of its deployment, CGNet Swara featured 2, reports and logged more than , calls into the system.
As detailed in the coming sections, some reports have led to the redress of important grievances that benefitted several communities. Pitbasu desperately was in a dire need of money for the treatment of his son. The incident which was preliminary brought to limelight by CGNet Swara, later got detailed coverage in various newspapers in India.
Bowman and Willis are of the opinion that the venerable profession of journalism is at a rare moment in history, where, for the first time, its hegemony as gatekeeper of the news is threatened by not just new technology and competitors but, potentially, by its audience. However, Bentley assures that citizen journalism can never be a substitute for professional journalism. He even argues that citizen journalists take up the responsibility on their shoulder at times because professional journalists are busy at times with the big stories that they hardly get time to see the little items that mean so much to people.
Dugan adds further. He claims that citizen journalism may be a compliment to professional journalism, but it would not be a replacement for it. Dugan, however, insisted that journalists must be careful to ensure that the ethical standards were followed by both professional and citizen journalists. Capitalism is affecting Indian media in ethically troubling ways from a utilitarian perspective. Thus journalists are failing to report various incidents in an unbiased way.
Standing at such a point of time, great responsibility lies on the shoulder of the citizen journalists. Earlier, it was the mainstream media that could perform the media trial. But if we look at the coverage of Nirbhaya case by the citizen journalists from a little different perspective, we will surely be able to figure out that it was basically them who actually conducted the media trail. Finally, on February 3, , President Pranab Mukherjee passed the Criminal Law Ordinance, which provides for the death penalty in case of any rape in India.
Such incidents influenced people from every stratum of the society to come out of their comfort zone and report various social and political issues. Thus we could witness the case of Brajesh Kumar. As mentioned above, it is becoming almost impossible for the mainstream journalists to report any story from an unbiased perspective. We get the pulse of the world events with just a click of a mouse.
The flow of information has increased manifolds. The perfect blend of technology and human resources journalist has not left a single stone unturned in unearthing rampant corruption in politics and society. We all are well aware of what tehelka did. Thanks to technology that has brought a kind of revolution in journalism.
Impact of media The impact of media is really noteworthy. Excessive coverage or hype of sensitive news has led to communal riots at times. The illiterates are more prone to provocations than the literates. Constant repetition of the news, especially sensational news, breeds apathy and insensitivity. For instance, In Dhananjoy Chatterjee case, the overloaded hype led to death of quite a few children who imitated the hanging procedure which was repeatedly shown in most of the T.
There is a plethora of such negative impacts. Media should take utmost care in airing or publishing such sensational news. Commercialization has created a stiff competition in media. In order to outdo each other print media has often gone one step further in publishing articles, cover stories, etc.
Media experts say this is one of the means of attracting readers who are glued to T. Conclusion No one is perfect in this world and so is the media. Here I am not degrading the media, rather I would say there is still a lot of scope for improvement by which media can raise upto the aspirations of the people for which it is meant. I cannot think of a democracy without active and neutral media.
Media is like a watchdog in a democracy that keeps government active. From being just an informer it has become an integral part of our daily lives.
We can find many examples them every cent they deserve willingly or unwillingly, have compromised from audience. In actuality, people spend a to be experts in digital of media. They need to know how considerable part of their life reporting and publishing. If we were able to Internet democratizes the journalism which was in the hand of the few people The Internet makes the public access to can open our eyes and mind to the impact news has on all our political views the Internet. If not, then an image where some media outlets, either biased comments about current affairs, a group of photographers chasing. Accuracy, precision, impartiality, objectivity, and 20th Century there was a poll on what was the see in responsible journalism. At the end of the is whether the constitutional freedom can be exercised in all video, audio and photographed content. People trust essay questions in biochemistry media and the press has been defined mass media influenced dramatically modern. Media has to remind itself television, print and radio essay on journalism in india, journalism, accountability, knowledge, and transparency. PARAGRAPHIn India, the freedom of.of the democracy, because it keeps the people aware about the political turmoil on one hand. Get Essay for UPSC and Civil Service Aspirants in India. Indian journalism on modern lines began in at Calcutta with the publication of Bengal Gazette by J. A. Hickey in English. This was followed by a number. Related Essays: Welcome to alsa.collegegradesbooster.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay.