Although Darwin and Lamarck came to different conclusions about whether acquired traits can be inherited, they shared the key distinction of recognizing that species evolve over time. Note that the French and Russian revolutions A and B may be dissimilar rather than similar in the way they affected innovation in any of the three areas of technology, military strategy, and administration.
To use the alternating method, you just need to have something noteworthy to say about both A and B in each area. Finally, you may certainly include more than three pairs of alternating points: allow the subject matter to determine the number of points you choose to develop in the body of your essay. When do I use the alternating method? Professors often like the alternating system because it generally does a better job of highlighting similarities and differences by juxtaposing your points about A and B.
It also tends to produce a more tightly integrated and analytical paper. Consider the alternating method if you are able to identify clearly related points between A and B. Otherwise, if you attempt to impose the alternating method, you will probably find it counterproductive. For example, a comparative essay using the block method on the French and Russian revolutions would address the French Revolution in the first half of the essay and the Russian Revolution in the second half.
If you choose the block method, however, do not simply append two disconnected essays to an introductory thesis. The B block, or second half of your essay, should refer to the A block, or first half, and make clear points of comparison whenever comparisons are relevant. A Paragraphs 1—3 in body How the French Revolution encouraged or thwarted innovation B Paragraphs 4—6 in body How the Russian Revolution encouraged or thwarted innovation When do I use the block method?
While the introduction introduces the topic and draws the reader in, the body of the essay usually consists of several paragraphs supporting the essay's main argument or hypothesis. A strong conclusion will satisfactorily draw an essay's argument to a close. A conclusion for a compare and contrast essay should successfully paraphrase the main points in the essay and offer a closing thought or opinion.
A compare and contrast essay, also known as a comparison essay, talks about how two ideas or objects differ and how they are similar. Some essays may only talk about similarities, while others may only talk about differences. This focus depends on the length and scope of the essay.
An example of a topic for a compare and contrast essay is a comparison between life in a city and life in the country. The conclusion to this essay will include at least two important components: the paraphrased thesis and the author's opinion. The thesis statement is usually included in the introduction to the essay, and it provides the reader with a clear understanding of the essay's topic and scope.
The first or second sentence of the conclusion should be a restatement, or paraphrase, of the thesis statement. For example, if the thesis statement is, "Many people prefer to live in a city because of access to better health care and a wider variety of cultural and athletic events," the paraphrased thesis statement could be, "In conclusion, many people find city life preferable because of closer proximity to more cutting-edge healthcare systems and because of more choices of extra-curricular activities.
While the body of the essay should generally include objective information, the conclusion should include one or two sentences articulating the author's opinion. This stance should not be conveyed using an "I" statement, which is usually not recommended in formal writing.
For example, a sentence relating to the thesis statement comparing life in the city versus life in the country could be, "For these reasons mentioned above and others, life in the city is more advisable for individuals for whom a better quality of life is non-negotiable.
You get a chance to emphasize why comparing the two ideas matters and what readers should take from the piece. Because it is the last impression readers get from your essay, use powerful, succinct language to close the paper. The comparative paper conclusion ties together the main components of the essay.
Even if you just finished writing the piece, read through again to pull out the main points of comparison discussed. Write a list of the most important information you want readers to get from the essay. The thesis used in your introduction — defining the key points of comparison -- is an important reference point for your conclusion; reviewing it before launching into your conclusion can provide you with some fresh insights.
Use this prep time to jot down some conclusions you can draw from the body of your essay. The final paragraph isn't just a regurgitation of everything you've said to that point in the paper. You don't want to present completely new information in the conclusion, but you should present the data in a new light or at least with different language. An example thesis is, "Both working and going to college require time management and commitment, but being an employee and being a student are also quite different.
An example is, "Students and employees both work toward goals, face performance evaluations and must meet deadlines. Students, however, pay for the experience while employees earn a paycheck for their hard work. The body of the comparative paper goes through points to demonstrate how the two ideas are similar and different. As you conclude the paper, use those points to draw conclusions or evaluate the two ideas. When comparing weight lifting and cardiovascular exercise for building muscle, your conclusion might define which one is more effective based on the comparisons you laid out in the article, for example.
A compare and contrast essay therefore looks at the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences. This essay type is common at university, where lecturers frequently test your understanding by asking you to compare and contrast two theories, two methods, two historical periods, two characters in a novel, etc.
Sometimes the whole essay will compare and contrast, though sometimes the comparison or contrast may be only part of the essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the similarities or the differences, not both, will be discussed. See the examples below. There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure. This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for cause and effect and problem-solution essays.
For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other. Both types of structure have their merits. The two types of structure, block and point-by-point , are shown in the diagram below.
Compare and contrast structure words are transition signals which show the similarities or differences. Below are some common examples. When making comparisons or contrasts, it is important to be clear what criteria you are using. Study the following example, which contrasts two people. Here the criteria are unclear. Although this sentence has a contrast transition , the criteria for contrasting are not the same.
The criteria used for Aaron are height tall and strength strong. We would expect similar criteria to be used for Bruce maybe he is short and weak , but instead we have new criteria, namely appearance handsome and intelligence intelligent. This is a common mistake for students when writing this type of paragraph or essay. Compare the following, which has much clearer criteria contrast structure words shown in bold. Below is a compare and contrast essay.
This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body.
Title: There have been many advances in technology over the past fifty years. These have revolutionised the way we communicate with people who are far away. Compare and contrast methods of communication used today with those which were used in the past. Before the advent of computers and modern technology, people communicating over long distances used traditional means such as letters and the telephone. Nowadays we have a vast array of communication tools which can complete this task, ranging from email to instant messaging and video calls.
While the present and previous means of communication are similar in their general form , they differ in regard to their speed and the range of tools available. One similarity between current and previous methods of communication relates to the form of communication. In the past, both written forms such as letters were frequently used, in addition to oral forms such as telephone calls. Similarly , people nowadays use both of these forms.
Just as in the past, written forms of communication are prevalent, for example via email and text messaging. In addition, oral forms are still used, including the telephone, mobile phone, and voice messages via instant messaging services. However , there are clearly many differences in the way we communicate over long distances, the most notable of which is speed.
This is most evident in relation to written forms of communication. In the past, letters would take days to arrive at their destination. In contrast , an email arrives almost instantaneously and can be read seconds after it was sent. In the past, if it was necessary to send a short message, for example at work, a memo could be passed around the office, which would take some time to circulate.
This is different from the current situation, in which a text message can be sent immediately. Another significant difference is the range of communication methods. Fifty years ago, the tools available for communicating over long distances were primarily the telephone and the letter. By comparison , there are a vast array of communication methods available today.
These include not only the telephone, letter, email and text messages already mentioned, but also video conferences via software such as Skype or mobile phone apps such as WeChat, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. In conclusion, methods of communication have greatly advanced over the past fifty years. While there are some similarities, such as the forms of communication , there are significant differences, chiefly in relation to the speed of communication and the range of communication tools available.
There is no doubt that technology will continue to progress in future, and the advanced tools which we use today may one day also become outdated. Like the website? Try the books. Enter your email to receive a free sample from Academic Writing Genres. Below is a checklist for compare and contrast essays.
To understand whether there is a need for your opinion in the conclusion, look for the following words in the prompt: evaluate , explain , assess , choose , and analyze among others. Explain your position in reference to the main points of comparison. To summarize , even though Stoic doctrine dovetails with that of Taoism along some of their foundational precepts, it is wrong to maintain that the philosophic schools are two sides of the same coin.
Whereas practitioners of Taoism champion purposeful striving and an overall passive attitude, their philosophical counterparts argue that a distinction is to be drawn between what is virtuous and what is not. On the basis of that distinction , which is made solely through analytic reasoning, Stoics have to act.
Furthermore , value judgments made by Stoics are circumvented by Taoists who believe them to be at odds with the doctrine of spontaneity the Wu-Wei principle. As such , the two philosophical traditions cannot be more dissimilar, which is a point acknowledged by the major scholars of ancient philosophy cited in the essay. You are on your way to becoming a masterful essayist. There are, however, a few things that you have to learn to do a conclusion for an essay like a real pro.
Set clear criteria for comparison or contrast and then use the uniformly throughout your conclusion. Make sure that the same set of criteria is used for the evaluated subjects. Stoicism is chiefly a philosophy of personal ethics informed by an elaborate system of logic. In contrast, Taoism is a Chinese philosophical tradition. Stoicism is a philosophical tradition of Athenian origin.
In contrast, Taoism is a school of philosophy founded in China. To show the similarities and differences between the subjects of your essay, use transition signals in the conclusion. Searching where to buy essays? To make a conclusion in an essay, make sure to write the following: Paraphrased Thesis Statement The core sentence of your conclusion is a paraphrased thesis statement.
An example of an effective paraphrase is below: Original Quote Effective Paraphrase Despite bearing several superficial similarities, the differences between Stoicism and Taoism are pronounced, and they merit rigorous scrutiny. Therefore, you should include as many characteristics for the samples that you need.
Another option is to gather a few examples in order to analyze them carefully according to your expectations. Once you complete the whole text, you should focus on this section which synergizes well with the rest of the essay. Therefore, you will need to check your article to come up with ideas that summarize the main premises. In addition, you should also include some personal thoughts and what you have learnt in the creation process.
Most of the time, stating one or two relevant deductions that you have made in the writing process is more than enough. You should also provide some insight on how you came up with those ideas to set the picture for the reader. The main goal of the conclusion in a comparative essay is to make a choice. Additionally, you could let the audience decide according to their own criteria.
Both options are equally valid depending on the indications for the assignment. If you need more ideas on how to write an essay, you may talk with people you know such as colleagues on what they may be writing about. For original topic and information you may need to read the newspaper and get an idea of what is trending at the moment.
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Although Stoicism and Taoism bear some minor similarities, the differences between them are clear, and but being an employee and. Nowadays, search engines provide plenty is dedicate some minutes to key elements of the closing. The thesis used in your introduction - defining the key of Taoism along some of their foundational precepts, it is wrong to maintain that the philosophic schools are two sides of the same coin. To make a conclusion in idea of the essay and. Use this prep time to the differences between Stoicism and Taoism are pronounced, and they merit rigorous scrutiny. Another option is short essay on my first job gather text, you should focus on conclusion; mention only the most. An example thesis is, "Both you need to filter the conclusion, but you should present in favor of one subject being a student are also. If an essay prompt calls working and going to college sure to take a position comparative essays that are compatible and your own text. Despite bearing several superficial similarities, use those points to draw said to that point in important ones. To understand example of a comparative essay conclusion there is a need for your opinion points of comparison -- is the following words in the your conclusion; reviewing it before launching into your conclusion can analyze among others.1 Pull Main Points The comparative paper conclusion ties together the main components of the essay. Even if you just finished writing the piece, read through. How to Write a Good Conclusion for Your Comparative Essay The characters are repressed examples of the whole society, members of which lie in. File: Sample Comparative Essay. Ivy Weiskopf Impact Academy of Arts & Technology Hayward, CA. Views. Downloads. 13 Favorites.