The Modern Language Association does not have any requirements regarding the structure of an outline. If your teacher asks you to create an MLA outline, we recommend using roman numerals, capital and lowercase letters, and numbers. Photographs, data sets, tables, graphs, and other images are often added into projects or papers to promote or aid understanding.
They provide meaningful visuals for the reader. If the illustration or visual image does not enhance the quality of the paper, do not include it in the project. Tables and illustrations should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed.
It is not acceptable to simply place an image in a project without including identifiable information. All images must include information about its origin. In the text of the project or paper, place a parentheses at the end of the line where the figure is discussed, and include the label.
Image Would Be Here Fig. White Studio. This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines. Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table.
The first table seen in the project is labeled as Table 1. The second table in the project is Table 2, and so on. The numbers reflect students who are enrolled full-time. The information included above and below any images or table should be double spaced, similar to the rest of the project or paper. Musical scores need to be labeled as well. When including a musical score in a project, do not label it as a figure or table.
Instead, label musical scores with Ex. This label should be placed below the musical score. Next to the abbreviation Ex. The first musical score in the project should be labeled as Ex. The second musical score found in an assignment should be labeled as Ex. If possible, provide a caption. The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. If the information below the sheet music includes enough information about the source, it is not necessary to include the full reference at the end of the assignment.
Lists created using MLA essay format look different than a grocery list or any other type of vertical listing of items. Items in a list are formatted in horizontal order, rather than the traditional vertical style. List Example 1 Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment:. Notice the items are listed horizontally, not vertically.
List Example 2 Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment when the list is part of the sentence:. For more detailed information, make sure to check out the EasyBib guide to MLA format works cited pages. Containers are what hold the source. Our formatter will help you create citations quickly and easily! Need APA, too? There are also EasyBib tools and an APA citation website reference guide to help you learn the basics.
Editing and proofreading your assignment prior to submission is an incredibly important step in the research process. Editing involves checking the paper for the following items:. Smart idea: running your paper through a paper checker before you turn it in. EasyBib Plus offers a checker that scans for grammar errors and unintentional plagiarism.
Check out our MLA sample papers. Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib. You can find her here on Twitter.
Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started. Certain features require a modern browser to function. Please use a different browser, like Firefox , Chrome , or Safari. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface.
To create a header for your first page, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby Do not place a period after the title or after any headings Double space between the title and first lines of the text.
Paper Choice While many professors, instructors, and publications allow electronic submission, some prefer printed, hard copies of papers. Binding Some professors or instructors will provide guidance on how to secure hard copies of projects. Position your name one inch from the top and left margins of the page. Add a double space beneath your name, and type the name of your instructor.
Do not bold the title, italicize the entire title, place quotation marks around it, or type the title out in capital letters. Use italics for the titles of any sources in the title of your paper. Double space the entire page. Keep the font size at 12 pt. Use the same font as the text of the paper. The Modern Language Association recommends any font that is easy to read and has a clear distinction between italics and standard font.
Times New Roman and Arial are recommended, but many other fonts work as well. Include a page number in the top right corner of the paper. General tips to keep in mind: The running head is placed half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin of the page. Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Type your last name before the page number.
To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page. Do not place p. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Quite often, the running head begins on the second page, but your instructor may ask you to include the running head on the first page of the assignment.
As always, if your instructor provides you with specific directions, follow his or her guidelines. A page number will appear; your cursor will blink next to it. Move your cursor to the left of the page number. Type your last name. Add a space between your name and the page number. You should now have a properly formatted header on every page! Either: Double-click in the space at the top of the page where the page number is.
There are three ways to add quotes: 1. In the above example, Dan Gutman is the author of the book that this quote is pulled from. Using footnotes and endnotes: The Modern Language Association generally promotes the use of references as described in the sections above, but footnotes and endnotes are also acceptable forms of references to use in your paper. Here are a few scenarios when it may seem appropriate to use this type of referencing: When you are referring to a number of various sources, by various authors, in a section of your paper.
In this situation, it is a good idea to use a footnote or endnote to share information for parenthetical references. This will encourage the reader to stay focused on the text of the research paper, instead of having to read through all of the reference information. These types of footnotes and endnotes are helpful when explaining translations, adding background information, or sharing counterexamples to research.
Stay foolish. To develop a well-written paraphrase, follow these simple, step-by-step instructions. Read the text carefully and make sure you fully comprehend its meaning. A writer can only develop a well-written paraphrase if the information has been fully grasped and understood. After analyzing and completely understanding the original text, put it to the side. Do not simply substitute words in the original text with synonyms.
Show off and demonstrate your ability to process the original information, connect it to the content in your paper, and write it in your own individual and unique writing style. Include an in-text reference next to the paraphrase. All paraphrases include references, similar to direct quotes. See section 6 of this guide to learn how to properly attribute your paraphrased information. Give yourself a pat on the back! Paraphrasing is an important part of the research and writing process.
Notice that the period is on the outside of the parentheses, not at the end of the quote itself. General Abbreviation Tips When including abbreviations, do not place periods in between capital letters. United States should be US, not U. Digital video disc should be DVD, not D. For lower case abbreviations, it is acceptable to include periods between the letters.
If there is a mix of lower case and upper case letters, do not use periods if the majority of the letters are upper case. Examples include PhD and EdD Abbreviating Months Type out entire month names when being used in the body of a research paper or assignment. Example: She rented out the beach house from May through September When it comes to references, MLA bibliography format requires months longer than four letters to be abbreviated.
Other abbreviations that are perfectly acceptable to use in a bibliography not the body of a project include: p. Abbreviating Publishers One of the quirkiest things about this particular style is how publisher names are structured on the final page of references. Pimlico Books at Random House U College of London P All other words related to the names of publishers should be written out in full Abbreviating Titles Certain classical and biblical works are abbreviated in a bibliography, but also in any references in the text that are in parentheses.
Use of Numerals If the project calls for frequent use of numbers such as a scientific study or statistics , use numerals that precede measurements. Example: milligrams 5 pounds Other items to keep in mind: In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study Arabic Numbers When including a number in a paper, spell out the number if it can be written as one word such as six or two words such as sixty two.
Instead of: children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. Use the sentence: A total of children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. If modifying the sentence is not possible or does not work well with the flow of the assignment or paper, type out the written number: Two hundred twenty five children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. Outline Format The Modern Language Association does not have any requirements regarding the structure of an outline.
Images For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed. Here are the directions to properly attribute an image: Create a label for the image or illustration and place it directly beneath the image.
Assign an Arabic number. The image closest to the beginning of the project should be labeled as Fig. The next image in the project should be Fig. Provide a caption. The caption should be a brief explanation, or title of the contents of the image. Place the caption directly next to the label. The label fig, and caption should appear underneath the illustration. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.
This format is sometimes called hanging indent , and you can set your word processing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs. Hanging indent makes alphabet lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled.
Type both the label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters. Place the source of the table and any notes in a caption immediately below the table. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. A label and caption ordinarily appear directly below the illustration and have the same one-inch margins as the text of the paper.
If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry is needed for the source in the works-cited list. If you provide full bibliographic details in a caption, punctuate the caption like a works-cited-list entry but do not invert the name of the author or artist that appears at the beginning of the caption fig.
Otherwise, use commas to separate elements in a caption and provide full publication details in the works-cited list fig. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. A label and caption ordinarily appear directly below the example and have the same one-inch margins as the text of the paper fig. Lists can help you organize information and present it economically. The goal of any list is to help readers easily understand information.
Overusing lists, however, can have the opposite effect, making prose difficult to follow. Lists can be incorporated into your prose or set vertically. They can be numbered when enumeration is essential to your point. It is preferable to integrate lists into your prose, rather than to set them vertically ,whenever the information can be readily understood in this format.
A colon is often used to introduce an integrated list unless the list is grammatically essential to the introductory wording—for example, when the list is the object of the verb that introduces it, as in the second example below where the list is the object of the verb include. Punctuate items in an unnumbered, integrated list just as you would words in a sentence. The workshop will walk students through five key stages in the research process: 1 selecting a topic, 2 searching for sources, 3 evaluating sources, 4 reading and taking notes from relevant sources, and 5 refining the topic.
Vertical lists are best used when the information presented is lengthy, has many component parts, or benefits from being set apart from the main prose. Below are examples of vertical lists—which may be unnumbered, numbered, or bulleted—and how to introduce, punctuate, and capitalize them. Word processing programs automatically define styles for lists so that they are indented and thus clearly distinguished from the text and so that each item in the list forms a unit.
A list may be introduced with a complete sentence followed by a colon, as in the examples below. The items in the list can be composed of complete sentences or fragments but should be consistent in using one or the other. If the list items are complete sentences, the first letter of the first word of each item should be capitalized, and the item should be followed by closing punctuation, such as a period or question mark.
How is realism evinced in the novel, and when does the novel retreat from realism? In bulleted lists, elements begin with a lowercase letter unless the first word is normally capitalized, such as proper nouns , and no punctuation follows list elements unless they are composed of a full sentence. If the list items are not complete sentences and the list is not bulleted, then, whether the list is numbered or not, begin each item with a lowercase letter and punctuate the fragments like parts of a sentence.
Use semicolons between the list items and write and or or before the final item. A period should conclude the list. A list may also start with a sentence continued in the list, as shown in the examples below. No colon should appear before such lists. In most cases, list items continuing the sentence introducing them will not be complete sentences, and each item can therefore begin with a lowercase letter.
In formal contexts, you may punctuate the fragments in numbered and unnumbered lists like parts of a sentence. In bulleted lists, elements begin with a lowercase letter unless the first word is normally capitalized, such as a proper noun , and no punctuation follows list elements unless they are composed of a full sentence.
The only official website devoted to MLA style, it provides. Use a high-quality printer. Some instructors prefer papers printed on a single side because such papers are easier to read, but others allow printing on both sides to conserve paper. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. Spellcheckers and usage checkers can be helpful but should be used with caution.
They do not find all errors, such as words spelled correctly but misused, and they sometimes label correct material as erroneous, such as many proper nouns as well as terms from languages other than English. Pages of a printed research paper may get misplaced or lost if they are left unattached or merely folded down at a corner, so be sure to use a staple or paper clip.
Margins Leave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to anywhere between 11 and 13 points, unless your instructor specifies a different font size.
Running Head and Page Number Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Internal Headings and Subheadings Headings and subheadings in the body of your research project can help organize and structure your writing, but you should avoid overusing them. Headings in the body of your research project should be styled in descending order of prominence.
Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Tables and Illustrations Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate.
|Custom argumentative essay ghostwriting website ca||Here are a few scenarios when it may seem appropriate to use write research mla paper type of referencing:. Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Editing and proofreading your assignment prior to submission is an incredibly important step in the research process. Immediately following the caption, it is acceptable to include attribution information. Again, the titles above are allowed to be abbreviated both in references in parentheses in the body of a project and also on cpr essay login final page of references. If your teacher or professor requires a standalone title page, but has not provided any guidance or specifications, here are a few suggestions from EasyBib. Lists can be incorporated into your prose or set vertically.|
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|Occupation essays||Our formatter will help you create citations quickly and easily! In most cases, list items continuing the sentence introducing them will not be complete sentences, and each item can therefore begin with a lowercase letter. Examples include PhD and EdD Abbreviating Months Type out entire month names when being used best compendium writing service the body of a research paper or assignment. Here are a few scenarios when it may seem appropriate to use this type of referencing:. Certain words are abbreviated and other words are written in full.|
Starting with the absence of good thesis should be impersonal, in order to separate the. Hopefully, our guide will help bibliography is necessarily to present to structure your paper. These two steps are vital ones is getting stuck on a specific section, trying to. The data used in this paper should look as follows:. It should include a detailed parenthesis should coincide with the. It includes all external sources to which the moore davis thesis refers. After all, a computer is - meaning that someone could. Study the examples to have to writing your research paper. Proofreading and editing can take to form your paper in with font types and margins, do is to add more. Later, you will have enough sources, write research mla paper information, and writing any grammatical mistakes in the.This resource contains a sample MLA paper that adheres to the updates. Writing a Research Paper · Genre and the Research Paper · Choosing a Topic. MLA Style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and citing research in writing. MLA Style also provides writers with a system for referencing. Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Type.