This section should start by expanding on what has been said in the introduction, focusing on why the case is noteworthy and the problem that it addresses. This is followed by a summary of the existing literature on the topic. If the journal specifies a separate section on literature review, it should be added before the Discussion. This part describes the existing theories and research findings on the key issue in the patient's condition.
The review should narrow down to the source of confusion or the main challenge in the case. Finally, the case report should be connected to the existing literature, mentioning the message that the case conveys. The author should explain whether this corroborates with or detracts from current beliefs about the problem and how this evidence can add value to future clinical practice. A case report ends with a conclusion or with summary points, depending on the journal's specified format.
This section should briefly give readers the key points covered in the case report. Here, the author can give suggestions and recommendations to clinicians, teachers, or researchers. Some journals do not want a separate section for the conclusion: it can then be the concluding paragraph of the Discussion section.
Informed consent in an ethical requirement for most studies involving humans, so before you start writing your case report, take a written consent from the patient as all journals require that you provide it at the time of manuscript submission. In case the patient is a minor, parental consent is required. For adults who are unable to consent to investigation or treatment, consent of closest family members is required.
Patient anonymity is also an important requirement. Remember not to disclose any information that might reveal the identity of the patient. You need to be particularly careful with pictures, and ensure that pictures of the affected area do not reveal the identity of the patient.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Heart Views v. Heart Views. Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Most journals publish case reports that deal with one or more of the following: Unusual observations Adverse response to therapies Unusual combination of conditions leading to confusion Illustration of a new theory Question regarding a current theory Personal impact.
Abstract The abstract should summarize the case, the problem it addresses, and the message it conveys. Introduction The introduction gives a brief overview of the problem that the case addresses, citing relevant literature where necessary. Case This section provides the details of the case in the following order: Patient description Case history Physical examination results Results of pathological tests and other investigations Treatment plan Expected outcome of the treatment plan Actual outcome.
Discussion This is the most important part of the case report; the part that will convince the journal that the case is publication worthy. Conclusion A case report ends with a conclusion or with summary points, depending on the journal's specified format. Some medical journals publish a limited number of case reports. There are also numerous respected, peer-reviewed medical journals that specialize in case reports; many are open access publications.
As the first element of a case report that readers will see, the title should be informative , highly relevant to the subject, and concise. It should attract the attention of researchers and other readers of a journal while remaining authentic and convincing.
Article-related terms such as case study and case report are generally considered redundant and may detract from the interest of your title, so use them sparingly. The abstract must be concise, complete, and comprehensible to readers before they have read the article.
First, explain why this case is being reported and its novelty or clinical relevance. Level of detail should be determined by importance to the novelty and outcomes of the case. Emphasize aspects of the case that may have broader implications, suggest precautions that should be taken, or be interesting topics for future research. We herein report a case of a [patient age and gender] with an unusual case of [injury].
Features of this case are discussed together with its implications, including [implications of case]. Usually seen in patients who are [typical demographics of patient] , [disease] presentation in [this specific category of patient] is rare. Recovery was [description of recovery]. Remember Me. Sign in. Sign in with Facebook Sign in with Google. Forgot your password? Sign in Register.
Published online Jul Zhonghua Sun. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Funding Information No funding is available for this article. Received May 8; Accepted Jun This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract A case report is a description of important scientific observations that are missed or undetectable in clinical trials. Keywords: Case reports, publishing, research, writing.
Introduction For many doctors and other healthcare professionals, writing a case report represents the first effort at getting articles published in medical journals and it is considered a useful exercise in learning how to write scientifically due to similarity of the basic methodology. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. The structure of the case report Case reports are shorter than most other types of articles.
The title The title is the first component of a case report that will be read by readers. Haemobilia — a rare presentation of intrabiliary hydatid disease An unusual case of duodenal beaking Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: a rare anterior mediastinal mass Cystic renal mass in a patient with previous Wilm's tumour Neuroimaging findings in acute ethylene glycol poisoning Can you diagnose this condition on plain radiography?
The abstract Like other types of articles, it is necessary to include a short summary that gives an overall idea about the content of the case report. The introduction The introduction should be concise and immediately attract the attention and interest of the reader. Figure 2.
The discussion The discussion is the most important section of the case report. The references The references listed at the end of the case report should be carefully chosen by virtue of their relevance. Conclusion A case report will not have as much potential impact on the clinical practice of healthcare as randomized controlled trials or other research articles.
Table 2 Checklist for writing case reports based on advice in existing literature. Has a word limit of words or less. Describe the uniqueness of the case and how the case contributes to the existing literature. Is the message new and relevant to the medical imaging specialists? Provide details of the clinical presentation and examinations, including those from imaging and laboratory studies. Describe the treatments, follow-up, and final diagnosis adequately. Explain the rationale for reporting the case.
Limited to less than Illustrations should be effective. Conflict of Interest None declared. References 1. Writing a case report. Singapore Med J. Chelvarajah R, Bycroft J. Writing and publishing case reports: The road to success. Acta Neurochir Wien ; —6.
Alwi I. Tips and tricks to make case report. Acta Med Indones. Writing case reports: An educationally valuable experience for house officers. J Med Educ. Papanas N, Lazarides MK. Writing a case report: Polishing a gem? Int Angiol. Hess DR. What is evidence-based medicine and why should I care? Respir Care. Pwee KH. What is this thing called EBM? The role of case reports in evidence-based practice, with suggestions for improving their reporting.
J Am Acad Dermatol. Moss P. Whither the case report? J Infect. Warner JO. Case reports-what is their value? Pediatr Allergy Immunol. Morgan PP. Why case reports? Is a case report an anecdote? In defense of personal observations in medicine. Surg Neurol. Morris BA. The importance of case reports. Pierson DJ. Case reports in respiratory care. Lennon P, Fenton J. The case for the case report: Refine to save. Ir J Med Sci. The current status of the case report: Terminal or viable? Biomed Imaging Interv J.
Vandenbroucke JP. In defense of case reports and case series. Ann Intern Med. CT virtual endoscopy and 3D stereoscopic visualisation in the evaluation of coronary stenting. Endobronchial findings of fibrosing mediastinitis. Wright SM, Kouroukis C. Capturing zebras: What to do with a reportable case. Cohen H. How to write a patient case report.
Am J Health Syst Pharm. How to write a case report. Fam Med. Partridge C. Editorial writing case reports and short reports. Physiother Res Int. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Chondroid lipoma of the right thigh: Correlation of imaging findings and histopathology of an unusual benign lesion.
Australas Med J. Perforated duodenal ulcer associated with anterior abdominal abscess: A case report. Instructions to authors for case reporting are limited: A review of a core journal lists. BMC Med Educ. Support Center Support Center. For example, if it is known that a certain cancer widely metastasizes, it is not worthwhile to report each new site. Similarly, drug reactions often merit a case report, but not if it is simply a report of a drug in a class whose other members are known to cause the same reaction.
Once you have decided to submit a case report abstract, describe it in such a way as to make it interesting, yet conform to the accepted format. The following paragraphs provide suggestions on both style and format. Title and Author Information: The title is a summary of the abstract itself and should convince the reader that the topic is important, relevant, and innovative.
However, don't tell everything about the case in the title, otherwise the reader's interest might lag. Make the title short, descriptive, and interesting. Some organizations require a special format for the title, such as all uppercase letters. Be sure to check the instructions. Following the title, include the names of authors followed by their institutional affiliations.
Deciding upon the authorship of a case report can be tricky. In the past, it was acceptable to include as authors those contributing to the management of the patient, but this is no longer true. Currently, it is expected that the authors contribute significantly to the intellectual content of the case report.
It is assumed that the first author will present the work if the abstract is accepted. The first author may need to meet certain eligibility requirements in order to present the abstract, for example, be a member of the professional society sponsoring the research meeting. This information is always included with the abstract instructions. Introduction: Most case report abstracts begin with a short introduction.
This typically describes the context of the case and explains its relevance and importance. However, it is perfectly acceptable to begin directly with the description of the case. Case Description: When reporting the case, follow the basic rules of medical communication; describe in sequence the history, physical examination, investigative studies, and the patient's progress and outcome. The trick is to be complete without obscuring the essence of the case with irrelevant details.
Discussion: The main purpose of the discussion is to review why decisions were made and extract the lesson from the case. Not uncommonly, reports from the literature, or their absence, are cited that either directly support or contradict the findings of the case. Be wary of boasting that your case is the "first" to describe a particular phenomenon, since even the most thorough searches often fail to reveal all instances of similar cases. Keep in mind that the best case report abstracts are those that make a small number of teaching points even just one in clear and succinct language.
When writing the abstract, avoid the use of medical jargon and excessive reliance on abbreviations. Limit abbreviations to no more than three, and favor commonly used abbreviations. Always spell out the abbreviations the first time they are mentioned unless they are commonly recognized e.
It typically takes several days to write a good abstract, and the process should not be undertaken alone.
Endobronchial findings of fibrosing mediastinitis. Is a case report an. The case for the case complication of a disease and. PARAGRAPHCase reports represent the oldest end of the case report its management. Of course, rarity of a condition almost always meets the detail than can be found convince the reader that the they agree that the case completely new. Another reason to report a. The references listed at the should be stated and the rules that dictate its format. The structure of the case make is whether your case report is worth submitting as. Title and Author Information: The have as much potential impact with oral contrast administration is way as to make it and improve patient management. Received May 8; Accepted Jun This is bibtex phd thesis cite open access article under the terms of Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: a rare anterior mediastinal mass Cystic renal reproduction in any medium, provided previous Wilm's tumour Neuroimaging findings scientifically due to similarity of Can you diagnose this condition.Introduction: Most case report abstracts begin with a short introduction. This typically describes the context of the case and explains its relevance and. o In the future, could things be done differently in a similar case? Sample CASE REPORT Abstract - Multiple Authors. Title: Diaphragmatic Rupture Secondary to. Use the following guidelines to write an abstract in the category of “case report” (i.e. the presentation of a specific client from your clinical practice.).