Without a speaker, there is no process. The speaker is simply the person who is delivering, or presenting, the speech. A speaker might be someone who is training employees in your workplace. Even a stand-up comedian can be considered a public speaker. After all, each of these people is presenting an oral message to an audience in a public setting. Most speakers, however, would agree that the listener is one of the primary reasons that they speak.
The listener is just as important as the speaker; neither one is effective without the other. The listener is the person or persons who have assembled to hear the oral message. You might be asked to critique your classmates as they speak or to complete an evaluation of a public speaker in another setting.
That makes the job of the listener extremely important. Another crucial element in the speech process is the message. The important chapter concepts presented by your professor become the message during a lecture.
The channel is the means by which the message is sent or transmitted. Different channels are used to deliver the message, depending on the communication type or context. For instance, in mass communication, the channel utilized might be a television or radio broadcast. The use of a cell phone is an example of a channel that you might use to send a friend a message in interpersonal communication.
You could watch a prerecorded speech or one accessible on YouTube, and you might now say the channel is the television or your computer. This is partially true. The context is a bit more complicated than the other elements we have discussed so far. The context is more than one specific component. For example, when you give a speech in your classroom, the classroom, or the physical location of your speech, is part of the context.
But you should also consider that the people in your audience expect you to behave in a certain manner, depending on the physical location or the occasion of the presentation. That would be acceptable within the expectations of your audience, given the occasion. Would the audience still find a high-five or humor as acceptable in that setting?
Probably not. So the expectations of your audience must be factored into context as well. The cultural rules -often unwritten and sometimes never formally communicated to us -are also a part of the context. In some cultures, mourners wear dark colors and are somber and quiet. Therefore, the rules from our culture -no matter what they are -play a part in the context as well.
Interference can be mental, physical, or physiological. Your own thoughts are getting in the way of the message. First, it never hurts to ask — you seldom lose anything by simply inquiring about budget. Second, gather key information about the event to help determine what sort of price range might be reasonable. Finally, think through when and where you might be willing to speak for free.
Many professionals would love to do more speaking at conferences and conventions. And if so, how much? Here are three principles that can help you determine how to price your services as a speaker. Raising the issue forces them to admit it would be pro bono, or allows you to start a conversation about fees. It sounds really interesting. Early on, ask the organizer questions like:. These questions will help you determine how important the event is and will give you a sense of how much the organizers will value your participation.
Early on, speaking for free is a perfectly reasonable strategy. You can practice your skills and hone your craft, and it exposes you to audiences that may want to hire you for further engagements. Even beyond experience and business leads, there are often other benefits if you think to inquire. You can ask the organization to film the talk, creating a great branding asset that may lead to other engagements.