Book Google Scholar. Using research to answer practical questions about homework. Educational Psychologist, 36 3 , — Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, — Review of Educational Research, 76 1 , 1— Corno, L. Looking at homework differently. The Elementary School Journal, 4 , — Cushman, K. Educational Leadership, 68 1 , 74— Dettmers, S. Homework works if homework quality is high: Using multilevel modeling to predict the development of achievement in mathematics.
Journal of Educational Psychology, 2 , — Dignath, C. Components of fostering self-regulated learning among students. A meta-analysis on intervention studies at primary and secondary school level. Metacognition and Learning, 3 , — Enghag, M. Using a disciplinary discourse lens to explore how representations afford meaning making in a typical wave physics course. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 11 3 , — Epstein, J. Ferrari, J. Procrastination as predictor of task perceptions: Examining delayed and non-delayed tasks across varied deadlines.
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Learning and Instruction, 19 3 , — As young children begin school, the focus should be on cultivating a love of learning, and assigning too much homework can undermine that goal. A more effective activity may be nightly reading, especially if parents are involved. For second-grade teacher Jacqueline Fiorentino, the minor benefits of homework did not outweigh the potential drawback of turning young children against school at an early age, so she experimented with dropping mandatory homework.
As students mature and develop the study skills necessary to delve deeply into a topic—and to retain what they learn—they also benefit more from homework. Nightly assignments can help prepare them for scholarly work, and research shows that homework can have moderate benefits for middle school students Cooper et al.
Crossing that upper limit can drain student motivation and focus. Brian Sztabnik, a veteran middle and high school English teacher, suggests that teachers take a step back and ask themselves these five questions :. When students spend too much time on homework—more than two hours each night—it takes up valuable time to rest and spend time with family and friends. Homework in high school should always relate to the lesson and be doable without any assistance, and feedback should be clear and explicit.
Teachers should also keep in mind that not all students have equal opportunities to finish their homework at home, so incomplete homework may not be a true reflection of their learning—it may be more a result of issues they face outside of school. They may be hindered by issues such as lack of a quiet space at home, resources such as a computer or broadband connectivity, or parental support OECD, In such cases, giving low homework scores may be unfair.
Since the quantities of time discussed here are totals, teachers in middle and high school should be aware of how much homework other teachers are assigning. Psychologist Maurice Elias sees this as a common mistake: Individual teachers create homework policies that in aggregate can overwhelm students. He suggests that teachers work together to develop a school-wide homework policy and make it a key topic of back-to-school night and the first parent-teacher conferences of the school year.
Wednesday- study study guide- Ch 12 Test on Thursday. Wednesday- 9. Thursday- 9. Monday- read p Monday- study study guide--Ch 9 Test on Wednesday. Tuesday- study study guide- Ch 9 Test on Wednesday. Wednesday- read p Tuesday- 9.
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Tuesday- study study guide- Ch 8Test on Wednesday. The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Monday- Ch 17 summary and define 3 vocabulary words. Study List Test on Thursday. Wednesday- 8. Thursday- read p Tuesday- 8. Monday- Ch 13 summary and define 3 vocabulary words. Tuesday- Ch 14 summary and define 3 vocabulary words. Thursday- Ch 15 summary and define 3 vocabulary words.
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