In brief? Specifically, you are arguing how the argument is terrible in a scholastic manner, of course! You must in no way agree with the argument. It is there for you to skewer with your logical and rhetorical abilities.
Each and every GRE Argument task prompt will be filled with unstated assumptions that the author makes—otherwise known as logical fallacies. You can think of logical fallacies as holes in the argument. The GRE argument paragraph is a block of Swiss cheese, the holes gaping logical fallacies.
It is easy to get carried away and try to enumerate all of the logical inconsistencies in the paragraph. Doing so, however, detracts from your ability to develop your criticism of any one logical inconsistency or questionable assumption. At the same time, you could just as easily pick out one of these glaring assumptions and write a really long paragraph, describing why an assumption is unwarranted and ways to make the argument stronger.
The key is finding the right balance between highlighting specific fallacies and developing a thoughtful and sustained but not too sustained dismantling of one of the holes in the block of Swiss cheese. The magical number is three. Make sure you find three separate logical fallacies in the paragraph. These fallacies of course should be the ones that you feel detract most from the legitimacy of the argument.
Take a few minutes to digest what the argument is saying. Often, one of the most glaring assumptions, the one that the argument really hinges on, might escape you on first reading. One great way is to consider how the argument would have been made stronger had it not assumed X, Y, and Z. Use the strongest points you can make first. Also, be sure to combine concrete examples with thorough analysis. Having one without the other will weaken your essay. Finally, thinking about what you write before you write will help you score big points for organization—a critical part of your AWA score.
The intro should be short and sweet. Many forget this and instead try to craft an eloquent and attention-grabbing first sentence. Do not be seduced by such a temptation! Instead, be as dry and formulaic as possible the Issue statement, it should be noted, allows for a little more flair. Essentially, you want to open with a quick intro stating how the paragraph is weak for a variety of reasons.
You can mention those issues, before elaborating on them in the body paragraphs. Begin each body paragraph with a topic sentence that states the specific fallacy you are attacking. The second sentence should provide your reasoning. The third sentence can elaborate on the second sentence by providing specific examples. The final sentence can recap the paragraph think of it as a mini-conclusion that is paragraph-specific.
SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville. Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middlesburg, making it not only a safer place to work but also a cheaper one. Therefore, Supercorp clearly made the best decision.
Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Taken as a whole, these unstated assumptions render the argument highly suspect. Indeed, if these unstated assumptions do not hold true, then the argument totally falls apart.
That is the increase of population does not mean that everybody wants to live in Corporateville because it is such a great place. Indeed low-priced housing and overcrowding clearly would make Corporatville a less superior place to live. Another unstated assumption the argument makes is that what is superior for residents is the same as what is superior for corporations. Neither of these would make Corporateville a superior place for a corporation.
Unless the argument can show that there is clear reason that Corporateville is superior to Middletown for a corporation, then the corporation could be making the wrong decision in moving to Corporateville. The argument makes a number of unstated assumptions that seriously undermine its validity. Unless these assumptions are addressed the argument falls apart, and the corporation could very well make a major mistake shifting operations from Middleburg to Corporateville.
The Intro should be short and sweet, as it is here. In fact, the intro for the Argument should really not contain any novel ideas. You simply want to say that the argument is unwarranted for a number of reasons.
If you find yourself hung up on the intro, write it at the end. The key to the essay is the body, in which you identify the unwarranted assumptions. You do not want to waste precious minutes fiddling about with the Intro. Next we have the body paragraphs, in which you will point out the unstated assumptions that render the argument invalid. You can lump all into one massive paragraph or you can—as the writer does here—spread them into three paragraphs, one for each unstated assumption.
Would this essay be better with another body paragraph? Absolutely—if the writer had time. The best way to do so is by instituting a 'Shakespeare in the Park' program this summer. Two years ago the nearby Avon Repertory Company started a 'Free Plays in the Park' program, and its profits have increased 10 percent since then. If we start a 'Shakespeare in the Park' program, we can predict that our profits will increase, too. Last month, Book and Bean, a combination bookstore and coffee shop, announced its intention to open a Collegeville store.
Given recent national census data indicating a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten, sales of children's books are likely to decline. Also, a number of well-known jazz musicians own homes in Monroe. Nevertheless, the nearest jazz club is over an hour away. There is now evidence that the relaxed pace of life in small towns promotes better health and greater longevity than does the hectic pace of life in big cities.
Businesses in the small town of Leeville report fewer days of sick leave taken by individual workers than do businesses in the nearby large city of Masonton. Furthermore, Leeville has only one physician for its one thousand residents, but in Masonton the proportion of physicians to residents is five times as high.
Finally, the average age of Leeville residents is significantly higher than that of Masonton residents. These findings suggest that people seeking longer and healthier lives should consider moving to small communities. These findings suggest that the relaxed pace of life in Leeville allows residents to live longer, healthier lives. Panoply produces products very similar to those produced at our factory, but its work shifts are one hour shorter than ours.
Experts say that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. Panoply's superior safety record can therefore be attributed to its shorter work shifts, which allow its employees to get adequate amounts of rest.
A recent government study reports that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. If we shorten each of our work shifts by one hour, we can improve Butler Manufacturing's safety record by ensuring that our employees are adequately rested. Therefore, we recommend that Butler Manufacturing shorten each of its work shifts by one hour. Shorter shifts will allow Butler to improve its safety record by ensuring that its employees are adequately rested.
The following appeared in a memo from the business manager of a chain of cheese stores located throughout the United States. Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fifty years of age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of recorded music.
Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. The switch from rock-and-roll music to hour news will attract older listeners and secure KNOW radio's future. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music. We predict that switching KNOW radio from rock-and-roll music to hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever.
Since we are famous for our special bargains, raising our rental prices is not a viable way to improve profits. Last month our store in downtown Marston significantly decreased its operating expenses by closing at P. By implementing similar changes in our other stores, Movies Galore can increase profits without jeopardizing our reputation for offering great movies at low prices.
Last month our store in downtown Marston significantly decreased its operating expenses by closing at p. Therefore, in order to increase profits without jeopardizing our reputation for offering great movies at low prices, we recommend implementing similar changes in our other nine Movies Galore stores.
The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company. One graduate of the course was able to read a page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an assistant manager to vice president of the company in under a year. Obviously, the faster you can read, the more information you can absorb in a single workday.
Included in this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and a lifelong subscription to the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, to improve productivity, Acme should require all of our employees to take the Easy Read course. The buildings were erected by two different construction companies — Alpha and Zeta. Even though the two buildings had identical floor plans, the building constructed by Zeta cost 30 percent more to build, and its expenses for maintenance last year were twice those of the building constructed by Alpha.
Furthermore, the energy consumption of the Zeta building has been higher than that of the Alpha building every year since its construction. Such data, plus the fact that Alpha has a stable workforce with little employee turnover, indicate that we should use Alpha rather than Zeta for our contemplated new building project.
This difference in pest damage is best explained by the negligence of Fly-Away. Of the advertising firms studied, those whose executives reported needing no more than six hours of sleep per night had higher profit margins and faster growth.
On the basis of this study, we recommend that businesses hire only people who need less than six hours of sleep per night. Evidence suggests that academic honor codes, which call for students to agree not to cheat in their academic endeavors and to notify a faculty member if they suspect that others have cheated, are far more successful than are other methods at deterring cheating among students at colleges and universities. Several years ago, Groveton College adopted such a code and discontinued its old-fashioned system in which teachers closely monitored students.
Under the old system, teachers reported an average of thirty cases of cheating per year. Several years ago, Groveton College adopted an honor code, which calls for students to agree not to cheat in their academic endeavors and to notify a faculty member if they suspect that others have cheated. Groveton's honor code replaced a system in which teachers closely monitored students. Under that system, teachers reported an average of thirty cases of cheating per year.
The honor code has proven far more successful: in the first year it was in place, students reported twenty-one cases of cheating; five years later, this figure had dropped to fourteen. Such evidence suggests that all colleges and universities should adopt honor codes similar to Groveton's. This change is sure to result in a dramatic decline in cheating among college students. During our recent test of regular-strength UltraClean with doctors, nurses, and visitors at our hospital in Worktown, the hospital reported significantly fewer cases of patient infection a 20 percent reduction than did any of the other hospitals in our group.
Therefore, to prevent serious patient infections, we should supply UltraClean at all hand-washing stations, including those used by visitors, throughout our hospital system. The explanation for the 20 percent reduction in patient infections is the use of UltraClean soap. Another study, however, suggests that during the same ten-year period, the number of accidents caused by bicycling has increased percent. Thus, there is clearly a call for the government to strive to reduce the number of serious injuries from bicycle accidents by launching an education program that concentrates on the factors other than helmet use that are necessary for bicycle safety.
Thus there is clearly a call for the government to strive to reduce the number of serious injuries from bicycle accidents by launching an education program that concentrates on the factors other than helmet use that are necessary for bicycle safety.
Clearly, Acme would benefit greatly by requiring all of our employees to take the Easy Read course. Clearly, to improve overall productivity, Acme should require all of our employees to take the Easy Read course. Clearly, modifying showerheads to restrict water flow throughout all twelve buildings in the Sunnyside Towers complex will increase our profits further. Only about 2 percent of customers have filed a formal complaint, indicating that an average of 98 people out of are happy with the change.
Thus, to avoid the expense of purchasing butter, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants throughout the rest of the country. Only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that an average of 98 people out of are happy with the change. Thus, we predict that Happy Pancake House will be able to increase profits dramatically if we extend this cost-saving change to all our restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.
In the past two years, several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem.
The data from a survey of high school math and science teachers show that in the district of Sanlee many of these teachers reported assigning daily homework, whereas in the district of Marlee, most science and math teachers reported assigning homework no more than two or three days per week. Despite receiving less frequent homework assignments, Marlee students earn better grades overall and are less likely to be required to repeat a year of school than are students in Sanlee.
These results call into question the usefulness of frequent homework assignments. Most likely the Marlee students have more time to concentrate on individual assignments than do the Sanlee students who have homework every day. Therefore teachers in our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week.
While the Department of Education in the state of Attra recommends that high school students be assigned homework every day, the data from a recent statewide survey of high school math and science teachers give us reason to question the usefulness of daily homework. In the district of Sanlee, 86 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week, whereas in the district of Marlee, less than 25 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week.
Yet the students in Marlee earn better grades overall and are less likely to be required to repeat a year of school than are the students in Sanlee. Therefore, all teachers in our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week.
Groveton's honor code replaced an old-fashioned system in which teachers closely monitored students. Moreover, in a recent survey conducted by the Groveton honor council, a majority of students said that they would be less likely to cheat with an honor code in place than without.
Last year, however, private contributions to the symphony increased by percent, and attendance at the symphony's concerts-in-the-park series doubled. Such developments indicate that the symphony can now succeed without funding from city government and we can eliminate that expense from next year's budget. Therefore, we recommend that the city of Grandview eliminate its funding for the Grandview Symphony from next year's budget. By doing so, we can prevent a city budget deficit without threatening the success of the symphony.
While the Department of Education in the state of Attra suggests that high school students be assigned homework every day, the data from a recent statewide survey of high school math and science teachers give us reason to question the usefulness of daily homework. Therefore, we recommend that all teachers in our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week.
Last year the symphony hired an internationally known conductor, who has been able to attract high-profile guest musicians to perform with the symphony. Since then, private contributions to the symphony have doubled and attendance at the symphony's concerts-in-the-park series has reached new highs. Now that the Grandview Symphony is an established success, it can raise ticket prices.
Increased revenue from larger audiences and higher ticket prices will enable the symphony to succeed without funding from the city government. Hospital statistics regarding people who go to the emergency room after roller-skating accidents indicate the need for more protective equipment. Within that group of people, 75 percent of those who had accidents in streets or parking lots had not been wearing any protective clothing helmets, knee pads, etc.
Clearly, the statistics indicate that by investing in high-quality protective gear and reflective equipment, roller skaters will greatly reduce their risk of being severely injured in an accident. Two years ago, the symphony hired an internationally known conductor, who has been able to attract high-profile guest musicians to perform with the symphony.
Since then, private contributions to the symphony have tripled and attendance at the symphony's outdoor summer concert series has reached record highs. Now that the symphony has succeeded in finding an audience, the city can eliminate its funding of the symphony.
The citizens of Forsythe have adopted more healthful lifestyles. This trend is also evident in reduced sales of sulia, a food that few of the healthiest citizens regularly eat. The following appeared in a memo to the board of directors of a company that specializes in the delivery of heating oil. Last heating season, that region experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, and climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years.
Because of these trends, we can safely predict that this region will experience an increased demand for heating oil during the next five years. The following recommendation was made by the president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, to the college's governing committee.
It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation.
Keeping the college all female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially. Last year that region experienced 90 days with below-average temperatures, and climate forecasters at Waymarsh University predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years.
Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Because these developments will certainly result in an increased demand for heating oil, we recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil. Benton City residents have adopted healthier lifestyles.
A recent survey of city residents shows that the eating habits of city residents conform more closely to government nutritional recommendations than they did ten years ago. During those ten years, local sales of food products containing kiran, a substance that a scientific study has shown reduces cholesterol, have increased fourfold, while sales of sulia, a food rarely eaten by the healthiest residents, have declined dramatically.
Because of these positive changes in the eating habits of Benton City residents, we predict that the obesity rate in the city will soon be well below the national average. Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the top-selling cereal companies. Although the companies producing the top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to continue making a profit.
Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years.
Based on these developments, we predict a large increase in the demand for heating oil. Therefore, we recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil. Because of these developments, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil. At a recent faculty meeting, a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove.
However, Grove students, both past and present, are against the idea of coeducation. Eighty percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Therefore, we recommend maintaining Grove College's tradition of all-female education.
We predict that keeping the college all-female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially. Their stores saw sales increase by 15 percent after their ads began appearing in the magazine.
The three Fish Emporium stores in Gulf City saw an even greater increase than that. If we do so, we will be sure to reverse the recent trend of declining sales and start making a profit again. Their stores saw sales increase by 15 percent. Because Top Dog has some of its largest stores in Gulf City, it seems clear that we should start placing our own ads in Exotic Pets Monthly. The following appeared in a letter to the editor of the Balmer Island Gazette.
To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island plans to limit the number of mopeds rented by each of the island's six moped rental companies from 50 per day to 30 per day during the summer season. Last year, the neighboring island of Torseau enforced similar limits on moped rentals and saw a 50 percent reduction in moped accidents. We predict that putting these limits into effect on Balmer Island will result in the same reduction in moped accidents.
The city of Amburg, on the other hand, recently instituted police patrols on bicycles in its business district. However, the rate of vandalism here remains constant. Since high-intensity lighting is clearly the most effective way to combat crime, we recommend using the money that is currently being spent on bicycle patrols to install such lighting throughout Amburg. If we install this high-intensity lighting, we will significantly reduce crime rates in Amburg.
It is true that the symphony struggled financially for many years, but last year private contributions to the symphony increased by percent and attendance at the symphony's concerts-in-the-park series doubled. In addition, the symphony has just announced an increase in ticket prices for next year.
For these reasons, we recommend that the city eliminate funding for the Grandview Symphony Orchestra from next year's budget. We predict that the symphony will flourish in the years to come even without funding from the city. A study reports that in nearby East Meria, where consumption of the plant beneficia is very high, people visit the doctor only once or twice per year for the treatment of colds. Clearly, eating a substantial amount of beneficia can prevent colds.
Since colds are the reason most frequently given for absences from school and work, we recommend the daily use of nutritional supplements derived from beneficia. We predict this will dramatically reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces. At present, the nearest jazz club is over 60 miles away from Monroe; thus, our proposed club, the C Note, would have the local market all to itself. In addition, there is ample evidence of the popularity of jazz in Monroe: over , people attended Monroe's jazz festival last summer, several well-known jazz musicians live in Monroe, and the highest-rated radio program in Monroe is 'Jazz Nightly.
We therefore predict that the C Note cannot help but make money. Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about 7, years ago, and within 3, years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands were extinct. Previous archaeological findings have suggested that early humans generally relied on both fishing and hunting for food; since archaeologists have discovered numerous sites in the Kaliko Islands where the bones of fish were discarded, it is likely that the humans also hunted the mammals.
Furthermore, researchers have uncovered simple tools, such as stone knives, that could be used for hunting. The only clear explanation is that humans caused the extinction of the various mammal species through excessive hunting. This shows that eating a substantial amount of fish can clearly prevent colds. Furthermore, since colds are the reason most frequently given for absences from school and work, attendance levels will improve. Therefore, we recommend the daily use of a nutritional supplement derived from fish oil as a good way to prevent colds and lower absenteeism.
Experts believe that a significant contributing factor in many accidents is fatigue caused by sleep deprivation among workers. Therefore, to reduce the number of on-the-job accidents at Alta, we recommend shortening each of our three work shifts by one hour. If we do this, our employees will get adequate amounts of sleep.
The following is a letter that recently appeared in the Oak City Gazette , a local newspaper. However, at some of our recent meetings we failed to make important decisions because of the foolish objections raised by committee members who are not even residents of Oak City. People who work in Oak City but who live elsewhere cannot fully understand the business and politics of the city.
After all, only Oak City residents pay city taxes, and therefore only residents understand how that money could best be used to improve the city. We recommend, then, that the Committee for a Better Oak City vote to restrict its membership to city residents only. We predict that, without the interference of non-residents, the committee will be able to make Oak City a better place in which to live and work.
In addition, local banks reported a steep rise in the number of new business loan applications they received this year. The amount of tax money collected by Seaside Vista has also increased, allowing the town to announce plans to improve Seaside Vista's roads and bridges. We recommend building a similar golf course and resort hotel in Brindleburg. We predict that this project will generate additional tax revenue that the city can use to fund much-needed public improvements.
The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of a company that builds shopping malls around the country. In another part of the state, a section of Route 40, paved by Appian Roadways more than four years ago, is still in good condition. In a demonstration of their continuing commitment to quality, Appian Roadways recently purchased state-of-the-art paving machinery and hired a new quality-control manager.
Therefore, I recommend hiring Appian Roadways to construct the access roads for all our new shopping malls. I predict that our Appian access roads will not have to be repaired for at least four years. The city of Amburg has recently begun police patrols on bicycles in its business district, but the rate of vandalism there remains constant.
We should install high-intensity lighting throughout Amburg, then, because doing so is a more effective way to combat crime. By reducing crime in this way, we can revitalize the declining neighborhoods in our city. During the summer, then, the town council of Balmer Island should decrease the maximum number of moped rentals allowed at each of the island's six moped and bicycle rental companies from 50 per day to 30 per day.
This will significantly reduce the number of summertime accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians. The neighboring island of Torseau actually saw a 50 percent reduction in moped accidents last year when Torseau's town council enforced similar limits on moped rentals.
To help reduce moped accidents, therefore, we should also enforce these limitations during the summer months. The following appeared as a letter to the editor from the owner of a skate shop in Central Plaza. They claimed that skateboard users were responsible for litter and vandalism that were keeping other visitors from coming to the plaza. In the past two years, however, there has been only a small increase in the number of visitors to Central Plaza, and litter and vandalism are still problematic.
Skateboarding is permitted in Monroe Park, however, and there is no problem with litter or vandalism there. In order to restore Central Plaza to its former glory, then, we recommend that the city lift its prohibition on skateboarding in the plaza. Since these changes went into effect, two new factories have opened in Dillton. Although the two factories employ more than 1, people, the unemployment rate in Dillton remains unchanged.
The only clear explanation for this is that the new factories are staffed with out-of-town workers rather than Dillton residents. We discovered that there are currently no hobby shops in southeastern Grilldon. When our researchers conducted a poll of area residents, 88 percent of those who responded indicated that they would welcome the opening of a hobby shop in southeastern Grilldon. Grilldon is in a region of the nation in which the hobby business has increased by percent during the past decade.
In addition, Grilldon has a very large population of retirees, a demographic with ample time to devote to hobbies. We therefore recommend that you choose southeastern Grilldon as the site for your next HobCo Hobby Shop. We predict that a shop in this area will draw a steady stream of enthusiastic new HobCo customers. Almost 30 percent of the teens said they ate at least seven meals per week with their families. Furthermore, according to the same survey, teens who reported having the most family meals per week were also the ones least likely to have tried illegal drugs, tobacco, and alcohol.
Family meals were also associated with lower rates of problems such as low grades in school, low self-esteem, and depression. We therefore recommend that families have as many meals together as possible. We predict that doing so will greatly benefit adolescents and turn troubled teens away from bad behaviors.
Write a response in which you discuss which questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Researchers recently compared Nosinia to a placebo in 95 men and women with seasonal allergies to ragweed pollen. Participants in the study reported that neither Nosinia nor the placebo offered significant relief.
However, for the most severe allergy symptoms, the researchers reported that Nosinia was more effective than the placebo in providing relief. Furthermore, at the end of the study, participants given Nosinia were more likely than participants given a placebo to report feeling healthier.
We therefore recommend using Nosinia to help with your severe allergy symptoms. Family meals were also associated with higher grades, better self-esteem, and lower rates of depression. Clearly, having a high number of family meals keeps teens from engaging in bad behaviors. According to an independent poll of charitable organizations, overall donations of money to nonprofit groups increased last year, but educational institutions did not fare as well as other organizations.
Donations to international aid groups increased the most 30 percent , followed by donations to environmental groups 23 percent , whereas donations to educational institutions actually decreased slightly 3 percent. Meanwhile, all of the major economic indicators suggest that consumer spending is higher than average this year, showing that potential donors have ample disposable income. Therefore, the clearest explanation for the decline in donations to educational institutions is that people actually value education less than they did in the past.
Industry analysts report that the number of dairy farms in Relanna has increased by 25 percent over the last decade. Also, recent innovations in milking technology make it possible for farmers to significantly increase the efficiency of the milking process, allowing them to collect more milk in less time with minimal human intervention. In fact, data from the Relannian Department of Agriculture indicate that labor costs at the majority of Relannian dairy farms are actually lower now than they were ten years ago.
Despite increased efficiency and lower labor costs, a carton of cream — a dairy product made from milk — at the local food market costs twice as much as it did two years ago. The only explanation for this dramatic price increase is that farmers are inflating the price of cream to increase their profits. Several recent studies have shown a link between health and stair usage.
One recently completed study shows that people who live in stairs-only apartment buildings that is, buildings without elevators live an average of three years longer than do people who live in buildings with both elevators and stairs. A second study shows that elderly residents of buildings with elevators make, on average, twice as many visits to doctors each year as do residents of buildings without elevators.
Furthermore, several doctor's offices are reporting that residents of stairs-only buildings scored higher than average on questionnaires administered to new patients, in which the patients were asked to rate several aspects of their own health e.
The clearest explanation for these findings is that the moderate daily exercise required of residents who must use the stairs instead of elevators increases people's health and longevity. Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people.
Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean.
The study showed that in stimulating situations such as an encounter with an unfamiliar monkey , firstborn infant monkeys produce up to twice as much of the hormone cortisol, which primes the body for increased activity levels, as do their younger siblings. Firstborn humans also produce relatively high levels of cortisol in stimulating situations such as the return of a parent after an absence. The study also found that during pregnancy, first-time mother monkeys had higher levels of cortisol than did those who had had several offspring.
Many Central Plaza store owners believe that the decrease in their business is due to the number of skateboard users in the plaza. There has also been a dramatic increase in the amount of litter and vandalism throughout the plaza. Thus, we recommend that the city prohibit skateboarding in Central Plaza. If skateboarding is prohibited here, we predict that business in Central Plaza will return to its previously high levels.
Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month.
Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty. To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island should limit the number of mopeds rented by the island's moped rental companies from 50 per day to 25 per day during the summer season.
By limiting the number of rentals, the town council will attain the 50 percent annual reduction in moped accidents that was achieved last year on the neighboring island of Seaville, when Seaville's town council enforced similar limits on moped rentals. Arctic deer live on islands in Canada's arctic regions.
They search for food by moving over ice from island to island during the course of the year. Their habitat is limited to areas warm enough to sustain the plants on which they feed and cold enough, at least some of the year, for the ice to cover the sea separating the islands, allowing the deer to travel over it. Unfortunately, according to reports from local hunters, the deer populations are declining.
Since these reports coincide with recent global warming trends that have caused the sea ice to melt, we can conclude that the purported decline in deer populations is the result of the deer's being unable to follow their age-old migration patterns across the frozen sea. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate.
Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham.
Nature's Way, a chain of stores selling health food and other health-related products, is opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature's Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives, and clearly Plainsville is such an area. Plainsville merchants report that sales of running shoes and exercise clothing are at all-time highs.
The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and aerobics classes are always full. Finally, Plainsville's schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the benefits of regular exercise at an early age.
Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and used the interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices.
In the interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Karp decided that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Early last year we ended our contract with Arko Trash Collection, a company that had serviced local garbage collection for the past twenty years.
We switched at that time to Satellite Waste Corporation, another trash collection company. In nearby Ocean Harbor, where Arko has continued to provide garbage collection, the beaches are experiencing record levels of attendance. Meanwhile, in Bridge Bay, complaints about garbage on our beach have increased this year. Clearly, inadequate garbage collection on our beach by Satellite has led to the significant drop in visitors.
Therefore, in order to restore visitor numbers to our local beach, we recommend resuming our contract with Arko as soon as possible. The following appeared in a letter to the city council of Canbury from the president of Plexma Motors. In addition to our regular line of cars, Plexma has also begun designing and testing a line of automated self-driving vehicles.
We are happy to report that last summer, we tested our new line of self-driving vehicles in downtown Canbury with great success. The following appeared as a memorandum from the Human Resources director at Dexter Gorman Instruments, a company that manufactures saxophones. However, we recently conducted an internal study that proves this idea wrong.
Managers across several divisions identified an overtime group: the employees who worked an average of 48 or more hours per week over the past year instead of the expected 40 hours per week. We then looked at the number of documented work errors produced by all of our employees during the past year and found that the overtime group was responsible for significantly more work errors overall than their fellow employees.
On the basis of these findings, our recommendation to the company president is to require employees at Dexter Gorman Instruments to complete their work during the regular hour work week and allow overtime only for urgent circumstances.
Many consumers of dietary supplements containing motilac report significant easing of digestive discomfort after just a few weeks of use. Meanwhile, sales of motilac supplements are declining in the neighboring town of Etolin.
Notably, hospitals in Etolin report a steady increase in the last two years in patients experiencing a wide range of distressing gastrointestinal symptoms. The clear explanation of these trends is that motilac is effective in preventing many serious gastrointestinal disorders. The following letter is from a group of Linford College alumni to the chair of the art department at the college. Skyway Designs, located in nearby Linford City, is the perfect company for students to intern with for a number of reasons: They offer internships in all of their departments, so every student is sure to find work that they are interested in.
Additionally, their internships offer flexible working hours. Finally, Skyway Designs is known for being one of the best in the design business, as over 80 percent of businesses in Linford City have used the services of Skyway Designs for their design needs.
Begin each body paragraph with a topic sentence that states the specific fallacy you are attacking. The second sentence should provide your reasoning. The third sentence can elaborate on the second sentence by providing specific examples. The final sentence can recap the paragraph think of it as a mini-conclusion that is paragraph-specific. SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville.
Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middlesburg, making it not only a safer place to work but also a cheaper one. Therefore, Supercorp clearly made the best decision. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
Taken as a whole, these unstated assumptions render the argument highly suspect. Indeed, if these unstated assumptions do not hold true, then the argument totally falls apart. That is the increase of population does not mean that everybody wants to live in Corporateville because it is such a great place. Indeed low-priced housing and overcrowding clearly would make Corporatville a less superior place to live.
Another unstated assumption the argument makes is that what is superior for residents is the same as what is superior for corporations. Neither of these would make Corporateville a superior place for a corporation. Unless the argument can show that there is clear reason that Corporateville is superior to Middletown for a corporation, then the corporation could be making the wrong decision in moving to Corporateville.
The argument makes a number of unstated assumptions that seriously undermine its validity. Unless these assumptions are addressed the argument falls apart, and the corporation could very well make a major mistake shifting operations from Middleburg to Corporateville. The Intro should be short and sweet, as it is here. In fact, the intro for the Argument should really not contain any novel ideas.
You simply want to say that the argument is unwarranted for a number of reasons. If you find yourself hung up on the intro, write it at the end. The key to the essay is the body, in which you identify the unwarranted assumptions. You do not want to waste precious minutes fiddling about with the Intro. Next we have the body paragraphs, in which you will point out the unstated assumptions that render the argument invalid.
You can lump all into one massive paragraph or you can—as the writer does here—spread them into three paragraphs, one for each unstated assumption. Would this essay be better with another body paragraph? Absolutely—if the writer had time.
For the third body paragraph, I would focus on the survey. This is probably the strongest unstated assumption remaining the survey is a valid measure. However, you can choose to focus on taxes or urban vs. Do not, however, try to jam in all the assumptions. Your focus is to show that the essay makes many unproven assumptions and is thus invalid.
Pointing out several assumptions—as this essay does—is enough. Unless you have time, do not be exhaustive. Finally, like the intro, the conclusion should be short and sweet. The author does that here perfectly. That may all sound complicated, but it gets easier with practice.
What next? First, try your hand at writing a response to the essay prompt above. Then, challenge yourself to write an essay that relies on totally different logical fallacies than those the student above found. Good luck! Thank you for these great strategies. However, I still have one more question about this task.
Not necessarily, Sornie! As long as you clearly dismantle the assumptions you choose to write about and generally write a strong essay, having two instead of three fallacies would not affect your score. Unless otherwise noted, all of our sample essays will be top-scoring essays. Hi First of all thanks for all these useful information. I just need your help to know that whether there are differences between different instructions of argument asseys?
Great question, Nadia! Ultimately, there are no real differences between the instrucitosn for argument essays. Although the wording can differ, your task is always the same: to analyze an argument and determine what kind of information and circumstances could either make the argument stronger or weaker. Hello, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to obtain most up-to-date updates, therefore where can i do it please help out. Check out our different subscription plans to see which one would best help you in your circumstances.
We look forward to studying with you! But it is by no means "the" correct response to the prompt. Other top-scoring essays might be organized differently or provide supporting examples that are different than the ones given here. This editorial argues that the Fern County Council's decision to convert a library branch to a computer-skills training facility was the "right" one.
However, its author fails to provide sufficient information to permit a proper evaluation of the argument's reasoning. Each point of deficiency is discussed separately below. One of the argument's deficiencies involves the claim, based on a national trend, that there is "certain" to be a growing need in Fern County for computer-skills training.
The author provides no specific evidence that the county conforms to the cited trend. Lacking such evidence, it is entirely possible that the Fern County residents are, by and large, already highly proficient in using computers. In any event, more information about the county's current and anticipated demographics is needed in order to determine the extent to which Fern County residents actually need and would use the Northside computer-training facility.
Another of the argument's deficiencies is that it provides no information about alternative means of providing computer-skills training to county residents. Perhaps certain local businesses or schools already provide computer-training facilities and services to the general public — in which case it would be useful to know whether those alternatives are affordable for most county residents and whether they suffice to meet anticipated demand.
Or perhaps county residents are for the most part willing to teach themselves computer skills at home using books, DVDs and online tutorials — in which case it would be helpful to know the extent to which affordable broadband Internet access is available to Fern County households. If it turns out that county residents can easily obtain computer-skills training through means such as these, converting the Northside branch might not have been a sensible idea. Yet another of the editorial's shortcomings has to do with the number of books in the Fern County library system.
The mere fact that the system boasts a great number of books per capita does not necessarily mean that the supply is adequate or that it will be adequate in the future. If more, or more types, of printed books and periodicals are needed, then it would appear in retrospect that converting the Northside branch to a computer training center was a bad idea. In a nutshell, then, a proper evaluation of the editorial requires more information about current as well as anticipated demand for computer-skills training in Fern County and about the adequacy of the library system's stacks to meet the interests and preferences of the county's residents.
Leaders who value cooperation, on the other ahnd, have historically been less prone to these overreaching, destructive tendencies. While this kind of transition would be good enough for a lower-scoring essay, though, the author does not just leave the connection between the two paragraphs at that.
Instead, he also connects the two paragraphs by keeping the focus on the same issue from the end of one paragraph to the beginning of the next. The final 6-level quality demonstrated by this GRE Writing sample is its use of skillful and precise language to convey specific meaning. Overall, the language in this essay is formal and academic , despite the profligate use of first person point of view by the author which can make writing seem less formal.
The recent economic meltdown was caused in no large part by the leaders of American banks and financial institutions who were obsessed with competing for the almighty dollar. Compare the above excerpt to a more milquetoast version of the same statement:. The recent economic downturn was mostly caused by financial leaders who wanted to earn lots of money. Check out our best-in-class online GRE prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by 7 points or more.
PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also feature 2, practice questions , official practice tests, hours of interactive lessons, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays. This second sentence has the same basic meaning as the real excerpt from the essay. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports swimming, boating and fishing among their favorite recreational activities.
The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase.
Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The full text of this essay can be found on the ETS website. Be sure to read through the essay first before coming back to read my analysis of it. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.
The author identifies the assumption that complaints indicate many people want to use the river and examines it by reasoning through possible scenarios other than the one presented in the prompt. The next way the author of this sample GRE essay fulfills the requirements of a perfect-scoring Argument essay is by providing comprehensive support for each of her main points. Throughout the essay, the author is able to explain exactly why each assumption made is problematic by using examples that precisely illustrate her argument.
Consider how this is approached in the second paragraph of the essay. The author starts the paragraph by presenting the assumption made in the essay argument that the survey results can be relied upon. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports.
The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Another important ideal a perfect-scoring Argument essay must live up to is being organized logically, with clear transitions between ideas. The author of this GRE essay sample is able to meet the first part of this requirement with a simple five-paragraph organizational structure : an introduction, one paragraph for each assumption discussed, and a conclusion.
Accomplishing the logical connection and development of ideas throughout the essay requires a little bit more finesse, but the author still manages it. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly.
The combination of these two methods of connecting the two paragraphs results in a smooth logical flow from one idea to the next. Lastly, a perfect-scoring Argument essay must be precise and effective in its discussion of ideas, with few if any errors. The author of this essay successfully meets this standard by using purposeful language to efficiently and clearly get her point across, as can be seen in this example from paragraph three:.
The following is taken from a memo from the advertising director of the Super Screen Movie Production Company. And yet the percentage of positive reviews by movie reviewers about specific Super Screen movies actually increased during the past year. Clearly, the contents of these reviews are not reaching enough of our prospective viewers. Super Screen should therefore allocate a greater share of its budget next year to reaching the public through advertising.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The full text of this GRE essay sample can be found on p.
Read through the essay first, then check below for an analysis of its positive and negative qualities. They need to look carefully at actual numbers, both of viewership and of positive reviews. The also need to identify the relationship that their target audience has with movie reviewers and determine how their target audience feels about their movies.
Fianlly they need to take a nuanced look at the movie reviews that they use in their advertising. An instance of the author identifying a particular argument can be found in the third paragraph of this GRE essay sample. The paragraph starts by clearly stating the question that needs to be answered what the number of positive reviews was and how it compared to past reviews.
Another quality all perfect-scoring Argument essays must contain is strong and thorough support for each point discussed. Finally the studio must ask whether the percentage of positive reviews is really a relevant way to measure the potential impact of movie reviews. There are dozens of movie reviewers but when deciding whether to not to go to a movie, the general public will usually pick from among the 10 most popular movie reviews. These are the reviews that will impress the public if they are included in advertising.
If the most popular movie reviewers disliked Super Screen movies that a larger number of small time film bloggers reviewed positively, Super Screen needs to think of a new advertising strategy. In this paragraph, the author opens by identifying the element of argument to be discussed are positive reviews a useful way to measure the impact of movie reviews in general? She then develops this point through reasoning about why the answer to this question might contradict the assumption made in the argument people mostly use popular reviews to decide on what movies to see, rather than the ratio of popular to negative reviews.
The third requirement for a perfect-scoring Argument essay is that it must develop and connect ideas in a clear and logical fashion. Each body paragraph of the essay is centered around one or two related questions. A good example of this can be found in paragraph four, which contains two related questions about the relationship between audiences and movie reviewers:. Finally, Super Screen needs to ask what the relationship is between its viewers and the movie reviewers cited in the memo.
Super Screen also needs to consider how its movie choices have affected the separate movie reviewer and audience populations. If the studio has switched from making mega- blockbuster action movies to more nuanced dramas, the general public may be less willing to go see their movies even though movie critics prefer the dramas to the action movies.
The last sentence of the paragraph again links back to the discussion of audience taste vs. Finally, a perfect-scoring Argument essay must employ varied and precise language, with few errors. The last sentence of this paragraph contributes to this efficacy through the use of specific language :. There are a few minor spelling errors e. In the grand scheme of the GRE essay scoring rubric, writing flourishes matter much less than clarity of thought and precision of language.
One thing that all these perfect-scoring GRE sample essays had in common was an introduction and a conclusion. The importance of clearly stating your position varies between the two GRE essay tasks somewhat. All of the perfect-scoring GRE essay examples analyzed in this article contained specific and relevant support for the claims made by the authors. In the Argument essay samples, the authors focused in on several specific parts of the arguments and debated their validity using specific hypothetical scenarios and questions.
The takeaway of this for your own writing is that the specific is always more persuasive than the general when it comes to supporting a point. As I discussed in my analyses of the four GRE Writing samples, whether or not your writing is polished and perfectly worded and spelled is not nearly as important as your successful communication of your ideas and how they are supported. In the GRE essay, all is precision, and analyses of issues that use clearly-explained compelling examples or analyses of arguments that cut to the very heart of why an argument is flawed with supporting explanations will ultimately score higher than beautifully crafted but logically imprecise essays.
All of the authors of the GRE essay examples analyzed in this article are able to maintain focus and organization in their essays by employing multi-level transitions that link ideas between and within paragraphs on both content and linguistic levels. In your own writing, be conscious of when you are changing from discussing one idea to another and make sure the transition is smooth.
While all of the GRE essay examples used in this article were written in response to different prompts, they all adhered to basically the standard five-paragraph , introduction-body paragraphs-conclusion format. Using it will save you the time of having to figure out a new organizational strategy for every essay you write. Now you know what it takes to get a perfect essay score.
But do you actually need to get a perfect 6. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take.
In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take.
In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program. Built by world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores , the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible.
Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. As with the Issue task, there might be some very slight variations in wording between the way the tasks are written on the test as compared to the way they are online , but for the most part what you see online is what will be on the GRE.
There are some commonalities across all of the essay prompts on the GRE Argument pool page, even beyond the fact that every task asks you to look at some kind of argument and analyze it. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions, and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the advice. This task is pretty much the same as task 3; the main difference is in the way the prompt is worded as advice vs. Check out our best-in-class online GRE prep program.
We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also feature 2, practice questions , official practice tests, hours of interactive lessons, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation s can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be addressed in order to decide whether the conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to the questions would help to evaluate the conclusion. No matter which of the GRE essay topics you encounter on test day, the following tips will help you prepare. If you need to build up to writing within this time limit, you can start out by giving yourself extra time and then working your way down to 30 minutes. To get the best practice for the computer-based GRE, you should write all your practice essays on a computer. If possible, use the simple word processor in the PowerPrep Test Preview Tool or practice tests to do every practice essay.
Just be sure to save your essay into a separate document on your computer so you can go back and read and score it afterwards. The rubrics for the Issue essay and the Argument essay are similar when it comes to the importance of clarity of writing and adherence to standard English grammar, spelling, and punctuation; they only really differ when it comes to assessing the specifics of the issue or argument analyses.
While the rubrics are useful as guidelines for what to include in your essays, however, it can be difficult to envision what a perfect scoring essay might look like from the laundry list of qualities alone. We do this analysis for you in our articles on how to get a perfect 6 on the GRE Issue essay and Argument essay.
Read our article on GRE essay tips and strategies. We have a complete guide to how the GRE essays are scored here. We've written a eBook about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your GRE score.
She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel and fulfill their college and grad school dreams. View all posts by Laura Staffaroni. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Skip to content. Try for free Login. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities.
In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the expert to make important contributions. There is little justification for society to make extraordinary efforts — especially at a great cost in money and jobs — to save endangered animal or plant species. Unfortunately, in contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the reality or truth behind that image. Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people whom they serve.
If a goal is worthy, then any means taken to attain it are justifiable. We can learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own. Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little.
True success can be measured primarily in terms of the goals one sets for oneself. Governments should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future. College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than the courses that seem most likely to lead to jobs.
Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the greatest number of people. Nations should suspend government funding for the arts when significant numbers of their citizens are hungry or unemployed.
It is no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero. Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. In most professions and academic fields, imagination is more important than knowledge.
Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state. Some people believe it is often necessary, even desirable, for political leaders to withhold information from the public. Others believe that the public has a right to be fully informed. Some people claim that you can tell whether a nation is great by looking at the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists. Others argue that the surest indicator of a great nation is, in fact, the general welfare of all its people.
Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Try our 5-day full access trial for free: Get a great GRE score. Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and suggestions of their students.
Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying. Claim: Any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in the future. Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Claim: Imagination is a more valuable asset than experience. Reason: People who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible without the constraints of established habits and attitudes.
Claim: Knowing about the past cannot help people to make important decisions today. Reason: We are not able to make connections between current events and past events until we have some distance from both. In any field — business, politics, education, government — those in power should be required to step down after five years.
The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice to a client. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year.
Because of these developments, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil. The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement.
We must make listeners of these new residents. We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area. The only difference in climate is that the eastern preserve typically has slightly less rainfall.
Unfortunately, after three years in the eastern preserve, the imported western gazelle population has been virtually eliminated. Since the slight reduction in rainfall cannot be the cause of the virtual elimination of western gazelle, their disappearance must have been caused by the larger number of predators in the eastern preserve.
The city of Amburg has recently begun police patrols on bicycles in its business district, but the rate of vandalism there remains constant. We should install high-intensity lighting throughout Amburg, then, because doing so is a more effective way to combat crime. By reducing crime in this way, we can revitalize the declining neighborhoods in our city.
A recent government study reports that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. For example, both as a proportion of its overall tax revenues and in absolute terms, Parson City has recently spent almost twice as much per year as Blue City has for its public schools — even though both cities have about the same number of residents.
Clearly, Parson City residents place a higher value on providing a good education in public schools than Blue City residents do. Many people therefore say that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors and that causes the bones to weaken significantly with age. But a long-term study of a large number of people found that those who consistently consumed dairy products throughout the years of the study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study.
Since bone fractures are symptomatic of osteoporosis, this study result shows that a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease, the risk of osteoporosis.
Therefore, in order to increase to monitor employees' Internet use should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false since wardobe stylist resume construction. Panoply's superior safety record can therefore be attributed to its shorter work shifts, which allow or truth behind that image. Practice gre argument essay year Garville implemented a of Commerce, these facts can a food that few of attract high-profile guest musicians to. Several years ago, Groveton College of amphibians were observed in is great by looking at which teachers closely monitored students. To prevent farmers from continuing because eight years ago, when need to be answered in place, students reported twenty-one cases for the facts presented in. Laid-off employees have benefited greatly can safely predict that this the well-being of the societies tests to do every practice. Businesses in the small town memorandum written by the vice Test Preview Tool or practice that this weather pattern will. The following appeared in an to the practice gre argument essay increased by director of the Classical Shakespeare important contributions. While the Department of Education in the state of Attra to agree not to cheat the district of Sanlee many the data from a war has no winners essay statewide survey of high school district of Marlee, most science on politics to focus more usefulness of daily homework. The population growth has resulted those whose executives reported needing be attributed to the health most frequently checked out of of these new residents.The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below. The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how. Sample Essay Responses; Pool of Argument Topics; Scoring Guide. This page contains the Argument topics for the Analytical Writing section of the GRE. Revised GRE® Practice Test 2. Analytical Writing Sample Essays of two writing topics, an Issue topic and an Argument topic. This document contains the.