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Science magazine cover letter


Please do not include any references in your Abstract. Make sure it serves both as a general introduction to the topic and as a brief, non-technical summary of the main results and their implications. Your manuscript text file should start with a title page that shows author affiliations and contact information, identifying the corresponding author with an asterisk. We recommend that each section includes an introduction of referenced text that expands on the background of the work.

Some overlap with the Abstract is acceptable. For the main body of the text, there are no specific requirements. You can organise it in a way that best suits your research. However, the following structure will be suitable in many cases:. You may include a limited number of uncaptioned molecular structure graphics and numbered mathematical equations if necessary. However, to enable typesetting of papers, we advise making the number of display items commensurate with your overall word length.

Please note that schemes should not be used and should be presented as figures instead. For first submissions i. Figures can be inserted in the text at the appropriate positions, or grouped at the end. Supplementary information should be combined and supplied as a single separate file, preferably in PDF format. A submission template is available in the Overleaf template gallery to help you prepare a LaTeX manuscript within the Scientific Reports formatting criteria.

Finally, you should state whether you have had any prior discussions with a Scientific Reports Editorial Board Member about the work described in your manuscript. For revised manuscripts, you should provide all textual content in a single file, prepared using either Microsoft Word or LaTeX. Please note, we do not accept PDF files for the article text of revised manuscripts. Make sure you:. If you do not wish to incorporate the manuscript text and figures into a single file, please provide all textual content in a separate single file, prepared using either Microsoft Word or LaTeX.

For graphics, we recommend your use graphicx. Use numerical references only for citations. Our system cannot accept. If you prepare references using BibTeX which is optional , please include the. Please see this help article on Overleaf for more details.

Alternatively, you can make sure that the references source code are included within the manuscript file itself. As a final precaution, you should ensure that the complete. Scientific Reports is read by a truly diverse range of scientists. Please therefore give careful thought to communicating your findings as clearly as possible.

We strongly recommend that you ask a colleague with different expertise to review your manuscript before you submit it. This will help you to identify concepts and terminology that non-specialist readers may find hard to grasp. So, if you feel your manuscript would benefit from someone looking at the copy, please consider using a copy editing or language editing service.

You can either do this before submission or at the revision stage. You can also get a fast, free grammar check of your manuscript that takes into account all aspects of readability in English. We recommend you limit your Methods section to 1, words. Make sure it includes adequate experimental and characterisation data for others to be able to reproduce your work. You should:. At Scientific Reports , we use the standard Nature referencing style.

So, when formatting your references, make sure they:. Sorry, we cannot accept BibTeX. If you are making your submission by LaTeX, it must either contain all references within the manuscript. Printed journals Schott, D.

Secretory vesicle transport velocity in living cells depends on the myosin V lever arm length. Cell Biol. Online only Bellin, D. Electrochemical camera chip for simultaneous imaging of multiple metabolites in biofilms.

Books: Smith, J. Syntax of referencing in How to reference books ed. Smith, S. Babichev, S. Quantum scissors: teleportation of single-mode optical states by means of a nonlocal single photon. Manaster, J. Sloth squeak.

Hao, Z. You may acknowledge grant or contribution numbers. You should also acknowledge assistance from medical writers, proof-readers and editors. You must supply an Author Contribution Statement as described in the Author responsibilities section of our Editorial and Publishing Policies. You must supply a competing interests statement. If there is no conflict of interest, you should include a statement declaring this.

Your statement must be explicit and unambiguous, describing any potential competing interest or lack thereof for EACH contributing author. The information you provide in the submission system will be used as the source of truth when your paper is published.

Competing interests Dr X's work has been funded by A. He has received compensation as a member of the scientific advisory board of B and owns stock in the company. He also has consulted for C and received compensation. Dr Y and Dr Z declare no potential conflict of interest. You must include a Data Availability Statement in all submitted manuscripts at the end of the main text, before the References section ; see ' Availability of materials and data ' section for more information.

If your research includes human or animal subjects, you will need to include the appropriate ethics declarations in the Methods section of your manuscript. For experiments involving human subjects or tissue samples , your Methods section must include a statement that:.

You should submit any Supplementary Information together with the manuscript so that we can send it to referees during peer-review. This will be published online with accepted manuscripts. Please avoid including any "data not shown" statements and instead make your data available via deposition in a public repository see ' Availability of materials and data ' for more information.

If any data that is necessary to evaluate the claims of your paper is not available via a public depository, make sure you provide it as Supplementary Information. We do not edit, typeset or proof Supplementary Information, so please present it clearly and succinctly at initial submission, making sure it conforms to the style and terminology of the rest of the paper.

To avoid any delays to publication, please follow the guidelines below for creation, citation and submission of your Supplementary Information:. You can combine multiple pieces of Supplementary Information and supply them as a single composite file. If you wish to keep larger information e. This numbering should be separate from that used in tables and figures appearing in the main article. Supplementary Note or Methods should not be numbered; titles for these are optional.

Refer to each piece of supplementary material at the appropriate point s in the main article. Be sure to include the word "Supplementary" each time one is mentioned. Please do not refer to individual panels of supplementary figures.

Use the following examples as a guide note: abbreviate "Figure" as "Fig. The entire list of 96 compounds can be found as Supplementary Table S1 online. S2 online. Figure 2 shows Remember to include a brief title and legend incorporated into the file to appear near the image as part of every figure submitted, and a title as part of every table. Keep file sizes as small as possible, with a maximum size of 50 MB, so that they can be downloaded quickly.

If you have any further questions about the submission and preparation of Supplementary Information, please email: scirep. Please begin your figure legends with a brief title sentence for the whole figure and continue with a short description of what is shown in each panel. Use any symbols in sequence and minimise the methodological details as much as possible. Keep each legend total to no more than words. Provide text for figure legends in numerical order after the references.

Tables that include statistical analysis of data should describe their standards of error analysis and ranges in a table legend. Include any equations and mathematical expressions in the main text of the paper. Identify equations that are referred to in the text by parenthetical numbers, such as 1 , and refer to them in the manuscript as "equation 1 " etc.

For submissions in a. You can produce these with the equation editor included in Microsoft Word. You are responsible for obtaining permission to publish any figures or illustrations that are protected by copyright, including figures published elsewhere and pictures taken by professional photographers. We cannot publish images downloaded from the internet without appropriate permission.

You should state the source of any images used. If you or one of your co-authors has drawn the images, please mention this in your acknowledgements. For software, you should state the name, version number and URL. Number any figures separately with Arabic numerals in the order they occur in the text of the manuscript. Include error bars when appropriate. Include a description of the statistical treatment of error analysis in the figure legend.

Please do not use schemes. You should submit sequences of chemical reactions or experimental procedures as figures, with appropriate captions. You may include in the manuscript a limited number of uncaptioned graphics depicting chemical structures - each labelled with their name, by a defined abbreviation, or by the bold Arabic numeral. Use a clear, sans-serif typeface for example, Helvetica for figure lettering.

Use the same typeface in the same font size for all figures in your paper. For Greek letters, use a 'symbols' font. Put all display items on a white background, and avoid excessive boxing, unnecessary colour, spurious decorative effects such as three-dimensional 'skyscraper' histograms and highly pixelated computer drawings. Never truncate the vertical axis of histograms to exaggerate small differences.

Ensure any labelling is of sufficient size and contrast to be legible, even after appropriate reduction. The thinnest lines in the final figure should be no smaller than one point wide. You will be sent a proof that will include figures. In legends, please use visual cues rather than verbal explanations such as "open red triangles". Avoid unnecessary figures: data presented in small tables or histograms, for instance, can generally be stated briefly in the text instead.

Figures should not contain more than one panel unless the parts are logically connected; each panel of a multipart figure should be sized so that the whole figure can be reduced by the same amount and reproduced at the smallest size at which essential details are visible. At the initial submission stage, you may choose to upload separate figure files or to incorporate figures into the main article file, ensuring that any figures are of sufficient quality to be clearly legible. When submitting a revised manuscript, you must upload all figures as separate figure files, ensuring that the image quality and formatting conforms to the specifications below.

You must supply each complete figure as a separate file upload. Please do not upload each panel individually. Please read the digital images integrity and standards section of our Editorial and Publishing Policies. When possible, we prefer to use original digital figures to ensure the highest-quality reproduction in the journal. When creating and submitting digital files, please follow the guidelines below. Failure to do so, or to adhere to the following guidelines, can significantly delay publication of your work.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. For optimal results, you should supply all line art, graphs, charts and schematics in vector format, such as EPS or AI. Please save or export it directly from the application in which it was made, making sure that data points and axis labels are clearly legible.

Please supply all photographic and bitmap images in a bitmap image format such as tiff, jpg, or psd. If saving tiff files, please ensure that the compression option is selected to avoid very large file sizes. Please do not supply Word or Powerpoint files with placed images. Figures that do not meet these standards will not reproduce well and may delay publication until we receive high-resolution images.

Please produce Chemical structures using ChemDraw or a similar program. All chemical compounds must be assigned a bold, Arabic numeral in the order in which the compounds are presented in the manuscript text. Structures should then be exported into a dpi RGB tiff file before being submitted. You should present stereo diagrams for divergent 'wall-eyed' viewing, with the two panels separated by 5. In the final accepted version of the manuscript, you should submit the stereo images at their final page size.

Please make it clear what statistical test was used to generate every P value. Use of the word "significant" should always be accompanied by a P value; otherwise, use "substantial," "considerable," etc. Data sets should be summarised with descriptive statistics, which should include the n value for each data set, a clearly labelled measure of centre such as the mean or the median , and a clearly labelled measure of variability such as standard deviation or range.

Ranges are more appropriate than standard deviations or standard errors for small data sets. Graphs should include clearly labelled error bars. Use of these services shall have no influence on the acceptance of a manuscript for publication by AAAS. Further, any questions or concerns about the services provided by the companies above should be sent to the companies directly.

If you do not have an account, you will need to create one by following the prompts on the welcome page. Once you have an account, you can use it for submissions to any Science Journal and it will serve as a record for your author and reviewer information. We have divided information about the submission process into 10 sections. We hope this information will help you prepare and successfully submit your manuscript.

Please follow our instructions for Preparing an Initial Manuscript. We prefer files to be prepared using our updated Word template. Using these templates facilitates the process by which our system extracts author and article information from the manuscript file to pre-fill subsequent pages in the submissions process. Once you have logged into CTS, you will see a pop-up asking if you wish to start a new submission. From there, you will be able to select the journal and article type from the drop-down menu.

After making these selections, you will be taken to the Welcome tab where you will find information about our submission requirements and a link to our manuscript template. Once you begin a new submission, you will be assigned a manuscript ID consisting of three letters and four numbers; this ID will appear at the top left of the page followed by the status of your submission.

Tabs for each step in the submission process display across the top of the page. Once you have read the information on the Welcome tab, please click the red button to continue to the Terms and Conditions page.

At this point, you will need to read and agree to terms regarding the submission and publication of a manuscript with Science. For details, please read our Editorial Policies. Upon acceptance of the Terms and Conditions, you will move to the Article tab. In the Manuscript section of this tab, you must upload a manuscript file containing the main text.

We prefer that you upload your manuscript as a Word. In the Combined PDF section, you must upload a PDF file that contains the complete main manuscript, figures, tables, and supplementary materials. Uploads to both sections are required before you can proceed to the next tab. Your cover letter should include:. Supplementary Material may be submitted as a single file in. The manuscript file and the Supplementary Material file each have a MB size limit. Supplementary multimedia or large data files that cannot be included in the Supplementary Material file should be uploaded as Auxiliary Supplementary Materials or Movies.

There is a MB combined size limit on auxiliary or movie files and a limit of 10 auxiliary or movie files. Authors should submit video and audio files with clearly identifiable accompanying captions and credit information. Other items that are required at submission and should be uploaded to the Auxiliary files section if applicable are:. After your Related Documents have been uploaded and saved, a list of institutions that were identified in the affiliations section of your manuscript will be presented.

The system will lead you through a series of steps to resolve the discovered institutions and add any institutions that are missing. The top-level name along with city and country are required for each institution that is saved.

Next, the system will present a list of discovered authors. You may deselect authors from the list, correct spelling of names, and add missing information. A valid email address for each author must be provided. Missing author names can be added to the author grid.

For papers with more than 50 authors, a template for bulk upload of author names and emails is available from this window. Each submission is required to have a first author and corresponding author who can be the same individual. An ORCID iD will be required for first and corresponding authors of revised manuscripts and is strongly encouraged for all authors.

Upon successful completion of the submission, all authors will receive email confirmation the submission has been received. The email will provide a link for co-authors to confirm authorship in the system or notify us if they are unaware of, or did not approve of, the submission. All authors must click the verification link in the email to verify authorship.

If the link breaks or expires, an author should instead directly log into CTS to verify authorship. Authors must sign into CTS with the email address to which the link was sent. All authors are encouraged to update their demographic and expertise information during the confirmation step. Once all author information has been resolved and extraneous or incorrect information removed, the system will guide you to the Manuscript Information tab. You will be asked to approve the title, abstract text, and funding source extracted from your manuscript files.

You may also modify the title 96 character maximum for Research Articles and Reports and abstract, add a Short Title 40 character maximum , and request an Editor. Note that Editor assignment depends upon availability, relative loads, and other factors. We require you to list all funding sources and we encourage you to add missing funding sources at this point.

We also require that you select at least one Subject Area that pertains to your paper. On this tab you will have the opportunity to indicate your interest in having your manuscript transferred to another Science Journal if your paper is not accepted at Science. The next step is to suggest up to 5 potential reviewers and indicate individuals that should be excluded as reviewers along with the reason for exclusion limit of 5.

Name and email are required for all suggested or excluded reviewers. A summary of the submission information is provided in the final validation step. Incomplete or missing information is indicated in red. Review and update information as needed. Complete the submission by clicking the Submit button.

You can return to the site at any time to track the status of the manuscript. Science is committed to thorough and efficient evaluation of submitted manuscripts. The editors at Science consider this advice in selecting papers for in-depth review. Authors of papers that are not selected for review are notified promptly, within about 2 weeks.

Research papers that are selected for in-depth review are evaluated by at least two outside reviewers, who are contacted before being sent a paper and asked to return comments within 2 weeks in most cases. Once all reviews are in, we initiate a cross-review process in which we invite all reviewers to read the other still anonymous reviews and make additional comments within 2 business days.

Cross-review is encouraged, but not required. We are able to expedite the review process significantly for papers that require rapid assessment. Manuscripts selected for publication are edited to improve accuracy and clarity, as well as for length.

Rejected papers cannot be resubmitted over a disagreement on novelty, interest, or relative merit. If a paper was rejected on the basis of serious reviewer error, resubmission may be considered. Membership in AAAS is not a factor in selection of manuscripts for publication. Science treats all submitted manuscripts as confidential documents. Science also instructs and expects our Board of Reviewing Editors and reviewers to treat manuscripts as confidential material.

Our peer review process is confidential and identities of reviewers are not released. Letters and Technical Comments are sent to the authors of papers on which they comment for response or rebuttal, but otherwise are treated in the same way as other contributions with respect to confidentiality.

Authors submitting to Science may elect to transfer to one of our other journals should the manuscript not be selected for publication at Science. Science editors will not see this choice until after the decision is made, and authors will be given the opportunity to confirm the choice before transfer is initiated.

If a manuscript is rejected from Science with the option of transfer, we would be happy to transfer your submission from Science with no reformatting required. Editors at the second journal may use the information gathered during evaluation at Science to expedite review, including reuse of the reviews provided reviewers agree. You may also choose to start a new review process.

The transfer can only include documents that were part of the review process at Science. Once transfer is complete, you will have the opportunity to upload a response to the reviews where appropriate. Most papers are published in print and online 4 to 8 weeks after acceptance.

In addition, Science selects papers for earlier online publication in First Release , using the accepted version of the paper with minimal copyediting. The official publication date of these papers is the date of First Release publication.

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Outline your qualifications and experience and then match these to the requirements of the job you are applying for these will be found in the job description. Go on to demonstrate your motivation and enthusiasm to help the company achieve their goals within the industry.

Use this paragraph as your chance to impress the employer and motivate them to take a look at your CV by drawing their attention to your past successes but leaving them wanting to find out more. This paragraph is where the research you conducted about the company and the industry before writing the cover letter will come in handy. Go into detail about why you would like to work for this company specifically and how the skills and experience you possess will add to their success.

It is a good idea to end with a positive statement in this paragraph and provide a call to action since you are hoping to secure an interview. Finally, thank the reader for their time and consideration, and welcome them to get in touch to discuss the job in more detail. Submitting a cover letter that is littered with spelling mistakes and grammatical errors will give a negative first impression to the reader, and may even encourage them to reject your application.

Use a spell checker, get a trusted friend to proofread it for you, or even ask your CK consultant to take a look. Meet our team here. The 30 second CV test. The top 10 CV buzzwords. Telephone interview tips. How to write a science cover letter A great science cover letter is often one of the most important parts of a job application.

You may have a brilliant CV, but submitting a poor cover letter with your application can shatter your chances of securing your dream science role. This is sometimes the only opportunity you will be given to illustrate to an employer exactly why your CV is worth a read and why YOU are the person they are looking for.

Take a look at our handy tips on how to write a science cover letter successfully: Research the company and the industry Taking the time to look into the company, as well as the specific scientific industry, you are applying for will demonstrate to the recruiter that you are serious about the role at hand. Do they fit with your own? What do you know about the target market? Do you fit within it? The history of the organisation.

Any notable events that you can relate to? Relevant news. Is anything big happening in the industry that is affecting the organisation? Analyse the job description Make precise reference to the key competencies and experience necessary for the role. Keep it to the point Your cover letter should not fill more than one A4 page — you should aim for around half to three quarters of the page being covered.

Structure your science cover letter correctly A science cover letter should flow well and be structured to ensure that the employer gets the most vital information in a professional, efficient way. How can you find out? You can contact the recruiter and ask him or her or try to get information from a graduate of your university who works at the company.

But even if you know who the primary reader is likely to be, it still makes sense to hedge your bets by writing a cover letter than will appeal to both technical and nontechnical types. The best place to learn what they are looking for is a description of the position, which is usually included wherever the job is advertised, electronically or in print.

If the description is detailed, then you should take it seriously: Make sure the cover letter emphasizes the good fit between your skills, knowledge, and accomplishments and the position. Generic cover letters are no good. But sometimes the information in the job ad is very general, so it may take some detective work. You may want to try using your network to learn more about the opening.

Professors, alumni or alumnae who work at the company, or the recruiter if there is one may provide more information about what specific attributes the hiring manager is looking for. It is also important to realize that, as with most consumers, different readers will perceive the company's needs in different ways. Your cover letter should achieve a balance: Just as it should appeal to both technical and nontechnical types, it should also appeal to the company's short- and long-term interests.

A good recruiter can best satisfy the client--the hiring manager--by finding the right candidates quickly. It is also important for the recruiter's reputation to produce prospects that go on to have long, productive careers with the company. The hiring manager is more focused on hiring candidates who can do what the company needs them to do right now.

They usually are not thinking about whether the candidates can progress their career within the company. This means your cover letter must highlight what you can accomplish for the immediate opening, but also spotlight your long-term potential for the company. Your cover letter must differentiate you from the other scientists who would apply for the opening, not just with fancy paper or good formatting, but with compelling content. Your cover letter needs to identify, in specific, tangible ways, what you would bring to the job that someone else would not.

The recruiter and hiring manager want to know what you can do that another scientist cannot or what you can do better than the other candidates--and they want supporting evidence to back up the claim. This could include work that you have done that was recognized as being the best.

This is again a good time to think like a consumer: What aspects of your talent make you stand out from the competitors? One way you can identify these differences is to talk with colleagues or faculty about what they might be. Formal or informal self-assessment tools are another option. Also keep in mind that readers who work at a start-up company and those who are hiring for a large business may be looking for different capabilities.

The smaller the business, the more you will be expected to do. So readers from small businesses might look at your scientific capability, but also at what else you can contribute to their business. You might, for example, be called upon to give product demonstrations, to write press releases, or even to staff a booth at a trade show.

This means you should discuss competencies in your cover letter such as your flexibility, your ability to multitask, and so on. As noted above, knowing who is reading your cover letter and the type of business they represent will assist you in customizing your message.

You don't have to be a marketing expert to create an effective cover letter. You do need to follow these three steps: Identify the readers of your cover letter, know what they want, and find ways to distinguish yourself in a positive way from others who might apply for the job. One other thing: The cover letter needs to look good, be in an appropriate format, be well written, and be carefully proofread. If you follow these tips, you will have the insider's edge to a great cover letter.