People and the environment. This aspect helps students create their perception of the world and how human beings interact with their environment. It is achieved through learning about different locations, people, and resources that are there. Production and consumption.
Here, it is all about studying how people manage the production and distribution of goods. Usually, this theme is represented by subjects connected with economics. It is mostly related to history. Therefore, students get to know about the significant events and changes that influenced our present. In addition, they learn about the beliefs and values of our ancestors.
This theme is vital because it allows learners to understand how personal identity develops. Institutions and groups. There are multiple institutions created by people: families, colleges, governments, and religious organizations. This theme lets students understand how institutions are formed and maintained and what changes they bring.
Authority and governments. One of the essential parts of social studies is the theme of authority. Thanks to it, students can understand how different forms of governance are created. It also includes analyzing the functions and purposes of political systems. Learners are helped to discover the interconnections between societies and the issues they create on a global scale. Everything is interdependent nowadays, and the importance of global connections is rising. Civic ideas.
Students need to understand civic ideas to be fully functioning independent members of society. Science and technology. This aspect is not only about the development of technology and scientific achievements. It is also about how society is connected to those processes. Moreover, students learn about their impacts on people. The principles of the multicultural policy of Australia: benefits. Australia is one of the countries that support cultural diversity.
The government even created an official policy based on four principles to ensure that everybody has equal rights to participate in the community. Indonesian communities and ancestor worships. Practices connected to ancestor worship are based on the belief that the spirits of the dead have the powers to affect the destinies of the living. The domestic etiquette of modern Americans.
All cultures have different etiquette — a set of rules that governs social behavior. Those norms are changing along with the culture, but can also be different depending on the social situation. Gender issues and women in Medieval society. Gender roles: how are boys and girls raised in American families? Gender roles enforce some specific standards and expectations of how men and women should behave. Study the socially appropriate gender roles in modern families.
Taboos and emotions in modern society. Taboo is something prohibited from doing under the fear of punishment. Even though taboos are originally related to the sacred and spiritual practices, today, people are banned from expressing some emotions.
How have hippies created the US? This research would focus on the ways the hippie movement made a change in the history of the country. Their cultural practices have influenced many aspects of our lives. Family values and religion. The family has always been considered the base of a happy American life. However, to what extent has religion affected the most common family values? Why does political correctness matter so much today? Political correctness means the ban on using some phrases that may be inappropriate.
As a cultural phenomenon, it was created by college students in America in the s. Is our future in social responsibility? Social responsibility is a policy that encourages people to act for the benefit of their community and society as a whole. Could this approach help us build a better future? The American Whig party: a case study of the South. In the 19th century, the Whigs were one of two main political parties in the US.
In this research, you could concentrate on analyzing the political tensions of this party in the South. Political parties and violence in the US. There are two major political parties nowadays. However, have you ever thought about why there are so much political violence and harsh competition between them?
The change of the ideology of the Republican party after the Civil War. The Civil War has changed the perception of many people. It left a mark on the political views as well. Tory party and the British welfare under their rule. For the sake of some diversity, we have included a topic on the British political party as well. In this research, you would look into the social issues caused by the Tories.
Is there a connection between anti-Americanism and anti-Semitic movement? Study the roots of anti-Americanism as a political view. Also, you can work on contrasting and comparing it to anti-Semitism. Student activism and the Black Power movement.
This civil rights movement has been around for ages. The difficulties of the civil war in Sri Lanka. This island country has suffered the Sinhalese-Tamil conflict and the proceeding civil war. Your task would be to look into the complexities of this conflict.
The power of Congress over presidential elections. It is one of the social science topics that requires gathering a lot of materials. You would have to analyze the Constitution and find the related cases in history. Voting technology: what can the law do against election fraud?
Bribery and other corrupt practices in relation to the election process is not anything new. However, how can the law make a change? The most prominent political machines of the last decade. This paper would be interesting for students you prefer analyzing and comparing. You would need to gather information on the most prominent political machines in the US. Authoritarianism vs. The flaws of the economic democracy system: a case study. Pick and analyze the issues that this socioeconomic system might have.
It would be better if you add real-life cases to the analysis. Morality and global capitalism. Your task would be to analyze the five features of global capitalism and determine how it can be socially acceptable. Look through every moral issue that arises. The bankruptcy of the middle class in the US. This research focuses on the root causes, as well as consequences, of so many cases of bankruptcy among American middle-class families. Can we foresee the future of the European Monetary System?
Ever since , the Euro has been serving its purpose. However, this paper would highlight the economic factors that can lead to disruptions in this system. Wall Street: did we learn from the crash? The year of punched many Americans, leaving their wealth reduced noticeably. But did we learn from past mistakes? Can we prevent the crisis from happening again? Understanding stock markets: profitable investments. To make a profitable investment, you need to know everything about the industry sector and stock market cycles.
Compile the tips and tricks that can make it work. How has the Silk Road influenced the current global economy? Connecting East and West, those trade routes existed for centuries. For this cool research, you would need to analyze the current economic situation and find the features that exist thanks to the Silk Road. Coffee beans and fair trade. Selling coffee beans internationally, some communities and families depend on this business.
However, how fair is this fair trade market? Who looks after social justice? Pros and cons of dollarization: a case study. Study some cases of this process in different countries and analyze the benefits and problems of it.
How to predict the exchange rate behavior? In this research, you would need to study the sources of changes in the exchange rates. You might as well look into the tools that might help predict the behavior of the rates.
Provide real-life examples of how you or someone else plans their studies, controls pocket money, or organizes their working day. An analysis of the benefits vs. How advertisements can create a sense of separation and association with the feminine identity. Rhetorical analysis of various marketing campaigns. Transnational organizations analytics. Determining the most appropriate and effective marketing strategies.
Advertisement analysis. The significance of the assessment in a rhetorical essay. Marketing reports. Explain the primary objectives of the document. When writing business or marketing essays, it is crucial to include analysis of particular examples. The importance of an analytical paragraph in a business essay. Unethical advertising examples.
What must be avoided when developing another strategy? Is it always worth it to spend immense amounts of money on risky advertising campaigns? Will the most common advertising methods work for every kind of a product? Positive and negative effects of advertising. What was the social meaning of corsets in the 20th century? Corsets are the part of the outfit that was designed to shape or modify the figure.
By the 20th century, it has somewhat shaped the culture as well. Other historical themes offer rich areas for social studies research ranging from inventions that changed the nature of schoolwork to the impact U. Local architecture greatly influenced who people interacted with throughout history and even things as seemingly innocuous as the introduction of silverware impacted social norms and etiquette at the nightly dinner table.
Economics—"a social science concerned chiefly with description and analysis of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services," as Merriam-Webster notes—is, by definition, a social science. Job growth and loss—both nationally and locally—affect not just how people vote but how they relate to each other. Globalization is a hot topic that often brings people of opposing views into heated arguments and even physical confrontations. International treaties—particularly those focusing on trade—can inflame passions in the electorate overall, in small communities and even among individuals.
Race and politics are obvious areas for sociological study, but so is the fairness of the Electoral College. Many groups nationwide are firm believers in conspiracy theories, which have spawned entire groups devoted to the study and discussion of these topics. The umbrella topic of sociology can cover everything from marriage customs—including same-sex marriage—to the ethics involved in adopting children from Third World countries.
The debate over private-versus-public schools—and the funding that goes with it—is a topic that stirs strong passions and discussions among advocates on each side. And, the ever-present specter of racism is a vexing problem that continues to plague our society. Psychology—the study of the mind and behavior—goes to the very heart of what makes human beings tick as well as how they relate to each other, a prime topic for sociological study and research. Everything from local traffic patterns, politics emanating from the pulpit and the impact of Walmart on local communities influences how people think, congregate and form friendships and groups—all issues that make the following list perfect for sociology research paper ideas.
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Despite the increase in methodological sophistication and complexity of models being tested for international student adjustment to universities in the United States U. The current study was designed to examine whether demographic variables are associated with a range of social outcomes. Undergraduate students reported having a higher number of close friends at their institution than did graduate students; however, they also reported a lower sense of belonging than did graduate students.
Students who graduated from high school in the United States reported less social support from international students at university. Implications for students and for future research are pro Re thinking about whose voices are included or not within the nexus of sociopolitical power is an important step toward justice and then rapprochement within and beyond the classroom. Muna Saleh. Boni Wozolek. Kris Millett.
International student exchange programs are widely promoted in higher education as a means of developing desirable intercultural skills and understanding among students. This multimethod study employed data from student surveys, tertiary This multimethod study employed data from student surveys, tertiary institution case studies, and interviews ICCS questionnaire did not.
Preliminary work on the Anyone who is interested in the full paper - please write to me by email. Pag-uugat sa kultura ng pagkakasakit ng mga Taclobanon ng Hilagang Leyte. Related Topics. Curriculum Studies. Follow Following. Teacher Education. History Education. Democracy and Citizenship Education. Democratic Education. Social Studies. The NSS curriculum revision era spanned more than two decades but was only minimally successful in altering the predominate patterns of social studies teaching Rice, Of course, this period of great turmoil and discord in America was associated with the rise of the baby boom generation, the sexual revolution, the civil rights movement, the stresses of the Cold War, and the disastrous Vietnam War.
Toward the end of the s, educators began reexamining the role of junior high schools, arguing, among other things, that the developmental needs of adolescents needed more attention and that instruction needed to be more child-centered and provided through closely knit instructional teams. The middle school movement was born, and the National Middle School Association was formed in to encourage a continuing focus on the unique needs of youth.
With the election of Ronald Reagan in , a turn toward conservatism took place in America that had many consequences for public education, such as changes in the role of the U. Department of Education and the way federal funds were distributed to states. Social studies has many interconnections with other school subjects. The English, language arts, and literature curriculums, for example, typically include cultural literacy and communication goals that match similar aims within social studies instruction.
For example, various forms of literature such as biography are often read in social studies classes to provide a more engaging or more detailed account of real life events. Science properly includes a historical perspective on its content and similarly often includes a much needed focus on public policy debates that surround leading-edge developments in scientific research and technology such as cloning, AIDS, and stem cell use.
Career education, another and more obvious form of social studies, is often tied to the economic education strand of the curriculum. It is crucial to reemphasize the importance of the total school environment as a complex and multifaceted setting for the learning of important lessons about what it means to be an American.
School sports were not mentioned in the previous section, but they, too, are a powerful component of school culture and hold incredibly strong potential for good and harm within the lives of students and their families. Perhaps this realization partially explains why social studies teachers are often sports coaches or otherwise actively involved in the extracurricular life of their schools.
The preeminent professional organization for the social studies, the National Council for the Social Studies NCSS , was formed in and currently has 26, members. The NCSS produced the voluntary national standards for social studies instruction, Expectations of Excellence , and voluntary national standards for the preparation of social studies teachers.
Although the NCSS is the leading organization that promotes social studies, it is important to note that each of the core four discipline areas also has a professional organization that promotes instruction within that particular subject. Expectations of Excellence National Council for the Social Studies [NCSS], , the voluntary national standards for K social studies instruction, specified 10 themes, representing the social science and humanities disciplines but also incorporating some additional content themes such as global connections, science, technology, and society.
Content learning outcomes for each theme were specified for upper elementary, middle, and high school social studies learning. Although the NCSS standards served as a comprehensive guide to social studies instruction, they lacked the subject matter specificity needed to direct discipline-centered instruction, drive curriculum development, or guide test development.
The core four disciplines all produced their own comprehensive voluntary national standards during the mids. The voluntary national history standards ran into a hailstorm of conservative criticism, and the geography standards received a mixed review from geography teachers. Education is, of course, a state function, so states vary a great deal in their standards for the different content areas of social studies such as history Brown, Testing and accountability take on several forms in social studies.
Many high school social studies courses, for example, culminate with a required district or state level end-of-course test that determines whether students pass or must retake required courses. In addition, students at many grade levels often have to take standardized, commercial achievement tests such as the Iowa Test of Basic Skills, the California Achievement Test, the Metropolitan Achievement Test, or the Stanford Achievement Test, all of which include assessments of social studies content learning.
Teacher accountability may extend beyond scrutiny of test scores, to include ways of checking adherence to pacing guides that specify what must be taught at a particular time of the school year. Social studies educators have understandably tended to be strong advocates of academic freedom and local control of the curriculum; however, the exclusion of social studies from testing under the No Child Left Behind Act NCLB has left many believing that the social studies are being seriously neglected in favor of subjects that will be tested.
Many believe that students are graduating without the understanding they need to function as effective citizens. Staffing and instructional leadership varies widely in elementary, middle, and high schools. High schools, of course, must staff the required history, economics, geography, government, or civics classes. Highly qualified teachers are hired to meet these instructional needs.
Other things being equal, high school social studies departments tend to prefer teachers who can also coach a sport or be otherwise involved in the extended extracurricular life of the school. High school teachers often work at several grade levels and are assigned up to four daily classes. Middle school social studies teachers are typically assigned to multisubject instructional teams, and they may or may not teach more than one grade level during the day.
Middle school administrators also look for highly qualified teachers to cover the number of required classes that they must offer. Elementary schools typically have no formal leadership in social studies.
Teachers may collaborate on grade-level specific planning for social studies instruction for a grading period or the entire school year. At all school levels teachers may also have some input into the social studies textbook adoption for their school.
Instructional leadership within school systems for social studies varies considerably. In many cases, school and even district-level instructional support personnel may be overworked and forced to cover more than one content or subject area e.
Ideally, teachers should have some well-qualified person whom they can call upon for advice and resources. The widening horizons scope and sequence became the dominant approach to the elementary social studies curriculum during the s, and remnants of this scope and sequence remain today in most school systems.
Topics or themes are typically used to structure the elementary social studies curriculum. For example, a fifth-grade unit on a specific Native American culture in the early s might integrate content from history, anthropology, and geography. Alternatively, a first-grade unit on contemporary families would integrate content of sociology, economics, psychology, and perhaps religion. Occasionally, teachers in elementary schools will devote some specific instructional time to a single discipline, but such discipline-focused studies are the exception rather than the rule in most elementary classrooms.
Several clear results of efforts to change elementary social studies are apparent, particularly in altering the outdated expanding environments scope and sequence, and improving textbooks and other curriculum materials. Half a dozen alternative scope and sequence arrangements have been promoted, but no one proposal has assumed a dominant position and vestiges remain of the early curriculums.
Improved textbooks now include significant content on women and minorities, and they assiduously resist stereotypes in these depictions. Material on other nations is routinely included in elementary social studies, and it is not unusual to find some content that focuses on issues such as poverty and pollution as these phenomena exist both abroad and in the United States. Newer textbooks also typically address some of the most troubling and dubious actions of our government such as the removal of the Cherokees from the lower Appalachians, the internment of Japanese Americans, and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II.
In addition to the controversies over what should be taught, elementary social studies has suffered from widespread general neglect in the curriculum, largely as a result of increasing attention being given to reading and math VanFossen, This attention to reading and math is, of course, driven largely by high-stakes testing that is now associated with NCLB.
Efforts to achieve high test scores are most apparent in schools that service low socioeconomic status SES families. Since these financially challenged families typically cannot afford summer camps or vacation trips, and the home environment itself may lack good books, computers, and newspapers, low SES schools that neglect social studies are eliminating the only chance these children may have for gaining early and potentially significant insights into history, geography, economics, or government, politics, and citizenship.
The professional preparation of most elementary teachers is also implicated in the weakness of social studies as a school subject. College students who prepare to become elementary teachers often have very limited exposure to the social sciences and humanities with the noted exception of history. It would be a rare exception to encounter a preservice teacher with significant coursework in political science, economics, or geography.
Further, most elementary teacher preparation programs have two or three times the curriculum and methods coursework in reading, math, and language arts as they do in social studies, where the norm is one course, the maximum is two, and the minimum is often no significant coursework at all—the teaching of social studies being addressed only in a combined methods course that encompasses a host of topics such as lesson planning and classroom management.
Thus many elementary teachers enter their classrooms without a clue as to what to do and certainly no love of the subjects that comprise elementary social studies. Second, we must adopt an intellectually defensible and politically palatable scope and sequence for elementary social studies that can inspire creative, child-centered teaching while addressing the real-world learning needs of the students we serve in our classrooms Katz, Third, once social studies is fully reestablished in the curriculum with meaningful daily instruction, we need to have an ongoing program of curriculum development assistance that is driven by a strong sense of professionalism and pride-of-purpose, recalling that each child we reach may play a crucial role in creating peace, spreading liberty, and promoting human dignity.
Social studies in the middle grades builds on the integrated, thematic approach most often used in the elementary grades and prepares students for the discipline-focused courses of high school. Middle grade teachers combine national and state social studies standards into a curriculum that addresses a variety of age-specific needs and local school district requirements.
Middle grade teachers routinely use a variety of instructional strategies to actively engage their students, often drawing from information on wise social studies practice that was developed largely for elementary and high school students. Requirements for high-stakes exams also influence social studies instruction in the middle grades, tying teachers more closely to local curriculum guides and state standards. The middle grade social studies curriculum includes history, geography, government and civics, and economics.
States determine the order in which social studies topics will be taught and how they will be combined into a cohesive curriculum. Thus, curriculums vary significantly among the states. Social studies units are usually based on the standards for history but integrate other social science disciplines into the history instruction. National and state standards also include requirements for instruction in a variety of skills such as spatial thinking and map use, historical thinking and reasoning, analysis of historical artifacts, and other critical thinking skills.
Preparing students for high-stakes testing is an important consideration for middle grade teachers. Fear that their students will fail to perform adequately on these tests causes some teachers to plan instruction that covers a wide range of materials. When this approach to instruction is combined with practice in test-taking skills, some teachers have found that test scores do improve in the short term. But many educators doubt whether students receiving this type of instruction are gaining the in-depth knowledge and understanding that will enable them to succeed in more advanced courses in high school and college or be effective citizens.
Middle grade students are engaged when activities require them to gather and synthesize information, work with others to use this information to solve or analyze a problem, and then present their work to others. This is especially true when students are working on a complicated problem for which there is no right or wrong answer and when their conclusions must be defended publicly.
For example, groups might research a list of early North American explorers, determine which four they believe are the most important and therefore worthy of full coverage in a social studies textbook, and make a group presentation arguing for the four they chose. Use of technology in social studies classes has become an important issue in education.
The most common use of technology in the middle grades is for guided research and creative projects. Some teachers have organized effective collaborations between students in different cities, states, or nations using e-mail, discussion boards, and chat technologies. Technology also provides social studies teachers access to a wealth of digital resources for enriching their lessons and allows students to use resources they would have been unable to access in the past.
Assignments that require students to state and defend opinions, write from specific historical perspectives, or other nontraditional assignments help prevent plagiarism and other problems teachers sometimes fear when using technology. Although middle grade teachers typically rely on national, state, and local standards to determine what they will teach, controversial content often intrudes into what would otherwise seem to be safe topics.
Many educators suggest that teachers should make dealing with such controversial topics a regular part of their instruction. They contend that consideration of controversy, when coupled with effective tools and strategies, can help create a classroom environment where students are able to understand the importance of social studies skills and knowledge. Some teachers, however, are not comfortable including controversial topics in the classroom. They may fear that middle grade students would be unable to adequately comprehend and consider complex topics.
These fears, as well as concerns that parents, administration, or community members may disapprove, can result in teachers giving inadequate attention to complex topics, attempting to provide fact-based instruction for issues on which the facts are not agreed, or simply skipping topics that might be controversial. Other social studies educators suggest that fact-based, direct instruction should be the primary instructional strategy in the middle grades Rochester, ; Schug, Inadequate knowledge about the subject that they are teaching, lack of familiarity with effective strategies for teaching more complex lessons, and a belief that middle grade students should focus on facts and deal with concepts and other complex subjects only after they have a firm foundation in the basics are reasons some teachers adopt this strategy.
Use of problem-based instruction and controversial issues involves passionate beliefs on both sides, and although the NCSS and many other organizations have taken a stand supporting active, student-centered instruction, the controversy remains strongest at the middle grade levels.
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