steroid research paper

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Steroid research paper apa psychology research papers

Steroid research paper

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Aside from this application, anabolic-androgenic steroids have only very limited medical uses, such as in the treatment of certain forms of anemia. Unlike corticosteroids, anabolic-androgenic steroids are widely abused by individuals wishing to gain muscle and lose body fat. Men generally do not have to worry about these masculinizing effects and therefore may take doses far in excess of the amounts naturally present in the body. Specifically, an average man secretes between 50 and 75 milligrams of testosterone per week in his testes, whereas illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid abusers often ingest the equivalent of to 1, milligrams of testosterone per week.

When taken in these very high doses, anabolic-androgenic steroids can produce dramatic increases in muscle mass and strength, making it possible for users to far exceed the upper limits of muscularity attainable under natural conditions, without these drugs. Because of these properties, anabolic-androgenic steroids are widely used by athletes in sports requiring strength or muscle mass for feats such as hitting home runs in baseball or playing line positions in American football.

In the United States there have been many recent well-publicized cases of prominent professional athletes who were found to be taking anabolic-androgenic steroids, and this issue became a subject of several congressional hearings in In addition, anabolic-androgenic steroids are increasingly abused by boys and young men who have no particular athletic aspirations, but who simply want to look more muscular.

This pattern of abuse is particularly prevalent in North America, Australia, and some European countries—cultures where muscularity is sometimes portrayed as a measure of masculinity. By contrast, anabolic-androgenic steroids are rarely abused for purposes of body image in Asia, probably because Asian cultural traditions do not emphasize muscularity as an index of masculinity.

However, anabolic-androgenic steroids are certainly used by some Asian athletes, especially at the elite level because these individuals are seeking a performance advantage, rather than a body-image effect. In Europe and North America illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid use represents a significant and probably growing public health problem.

Taken in massive doses, these hormones may pose long-term medical risks, especially because of their adverse effects on cholesterol levels, which may greatly increase the risk of heart attacks or strokes at an early age sometimes in the forties or fifties. Thus, these drugs may pose a danger not only to users themselves, but even to some nonusers—particularly women—who may become victims of such violence. Men who use anabolic-androgenic steroids for long periods may also suffer depressive symptoms, sometimes accompanied by suicidal thoughts or even successful suicide, if they abruptly stop these drugs.

Despite these risks, however, it appears unlikely that illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid use will decline in the near future because these drugs are readily available on the black market and offer a great temptation to men seeking muscle and strength gains. Free research papers are not written to satisfy your specific instructions.

You can use our professional writing services to buy a custom research paper on any topic and get your high quality paper at affordable price. Research Paper Examples. Health Research Paper Examples. Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring male anabolic hormone testosterone. They are designed to artificially build masculine traits inherent to the anabolic hormone testosterone.

Testosterone has the anabolic ability to retain protein in our system which in turn helps in building muscles. The steroid basically mimics these characteristic effects of the testosterone hormone. They however do not accentuate cardiovascular activity or agility. A healthy male body releases 10 milligrams of testosterone a day and that of a female body is in very minute proportions. However, athletes and bodybuilders aspiring to fortify their muscles may consume hundreds of milligrams of steroids in a day, which exceeds the medically prescribed daily dose for steroids drug intake.

Anabolic steroids are taken in oral or injected form. The latter being less risky is more popularly used by athletics. This breaks down into additional elements that have either long lasting or short lasting effects. The ones that are short lasting are preferred as they are water soluble. The oral form of drug use has damaging effects of liver and kidney as they tend to remain in the system for a prolonged period.

Due to the medical risks and unwanted side effects associated with steroids consumption, they should be taken intermittently rather than continuously. Continuous intake of anabolic steroids staves the body of its natural hormone production of testosterone and also reduces its responsiveness to synthetic substances.

Harmful Health Effects of Anabolic Steroids The abuse of anabolic steroids causes serious health maladies, that are irreversible and incurable. Steroid abuse is responsible for dangerous health ailments such as kidney impairment and liver failures and cardiovascular problems such as swelling of heart, high blood pressure, and increase in blood cholesterol that eventually causes heart stroke and cardiac arrest. Anabolic Steroids abuse is Physically Detrimental The effects of steroids can also cause acute acne and fluid retention issues.

The following are the gender and age-specific health concerns that are caused by steroids overdose. The steroids cause the growth plates to close permanently and adolescents who consume steroids are forced to increase its intake causing stunted growth. Conclusion From all the above research based evidence, it is clear that anabolic steroids abuse causes long term adverse health implications. Some of the irreversible health conditions include acute acne and physical distortion such as breast development in men, deep voice deepening in women, cholesterol and high blood pressure.

These conditions cease to exist once the abuser stops consuming the steroids. Research has indicated that protracted consumption of steroids , causes characteristics of addiction in abusers.