Artemis was Apollo's twin sister and a daughter of Zeus. The goddess of chastity, she was a virgin huntress who was shown carrying a bow and a quiver of arrows. By some quirk she also presided over childbirth and was associated with the moon. Her name in Latin was Diana. Aphrodite , the goddess of love and beauty, was either born of the sea-foam or was the daughter of Zeus. She represented sex, affection, and the power of attraction that binds people together.
According to some myths Hephaestus was her husband, Ares her lover, and Eros her son. Aphrodite's Latin counterpart was Venus , a more erotic goddess. Athena was the virgin goddess of wisdom, a warrior who sprang fully armed from the head of Zeus after he had swallowed the Titaness Metis. She was also a goddess of the arts and the guardian of Athens. Her chief traits were prudence and valor. She was sometimes called Pallas Athena. Athena's Latin name was Minerva.
Hestia was the mild virgin goddess of the hearth, the family, and peace. She was Zeus's sister. Her Latin name was Vesta. Ares , the bullying god of war, was the son of Zeus and Hera. A brutal deity who delighted in slaughter and looting, he was also a coward. In his adulterous affair with Aphrodite, Ares was caught and exposed to ridicule by her husband, Hephaestus. His Latin name was Mars. Hephaestus was the lame, ugly god of the crafts, a skilled artisan who created many wonderful things.
He was injured by his father Zeus for defending Hera in a quarrel. He was identified with the Latin god Vulcan, a deity of volcanic fire. Hermes , the cleverest of the Olympian gods, ruled wealth and good fortune, was the patron of commerce and thievery, promoted fertility, and guided men on journeys. He was herald and messenger of the gods, a conductor of souls to the netherworld, and a god of sleep. Hermes was the son of Zeus and was depicted with a helmet, winged sandals, and the caduceus.
Mercury was his Latin name. Hades was lord of the underworld, the region of the dead. Since he was a brother of Zeus, he was sometimes included among the Olympians. He was a stern, dark, inexorable god, and his kingdom was gray and lifeless. He abducted Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, and made her his queen.
His Latin names were Dis and Pluto. Hebe , the daughter of Zeus and Hera, was the goddess of youth and acted as a cupbearer to the gods. As a youth, Ganymede was abducted by Zeus in the form of an eagle that carried the boy to Olympus. There Zeus gave him immortality, made him his lover, and established him as a cupbearer.
Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and sometimes a messenger of the gods. The Three Graces presided over banquets and festivities. They represented splendor, mirth, and good cheer. The Nine Muses were part of Apollo's retinue and were the daughters of Mnemosyne, or memory. These were goddesses of inspiration: Clio of history, Melpomene of tragedy, Urania of astronomy, Thalia of comedy, Terpsichore of dance, Calliope of epic poetry, Erato of love verse, Euterpe of lyric poems, and Polyhymnia of sacred songs.
Persephone was the lovely daughter of Zeus and Demeter, a goddess of springtime. After Hades abducted her she became the queen of the underworld. Proserpina was her Latin name. Dionysus , a fertility god and a god of the vine, was the son of Zeus and Semele. He served to liberate the emotions and to inspire men with joy. Like the grape vine, he suffered death butwas resurrected. His female worshipers were the frenziedMaenads. Yet out of his celebration grew the tragic theater. Hewas also known as Bacchus , Latin Liber , a god of drunkenness.
Pan , the son of Hermes, was the god of flocks. He had the torso and head of a man, but the hindquarters and horns of a goat. A marvelous musician, he played the pipes and pursued various nymphs, all of whom rejected him for his ugliness. The Satyrs were originally men with horses' haunches and tails, two-legged as opposed to the four-legged Centaurs. But in Roman times they were confused with Fauns , or goat-men who roamed the woods.
The Centaurs were principally savage beasts, half-horse and half-man. Chiron was the exception, a Centaur famous for his virtue and wisdom. The Dryads were tree-nymphs and had beautiful female shapes. There were also mountain nymphs, wood nymphs, stream nymphs, and sea nymphs, all in female form. The Gorgons were three hideous dragonish sisters that could change men to stone at a glance. Medusa was the most famous one. The Sirens were sisters who sat on rocks by the sea and lured sailors to their doom by singing to them.
Helios was the sun god, but he did not play a large part in Greek mythology. Castor and Polydeuces or Pollux were famous twins who protected sailors. Polydeuces' brotherly devotion when Castor died made their names a by-word for fraternal affection. Proteus , the son or attendant of Poseidon, had the ability to prophesy and to change his shape at will. Triton was the trumpeter of the sea and was depicted blowing a large conch shell.
The Fates were three powerful goddesses who determined the lives of men. Clotho wove the thread of life; Lachesis measured it out; and Atropos cut it off with her scissors of death. At the center of the earth towered Mount Olympus, where the gods lived and held court. Sometimes Olympus was thought of as the actual mountain in Greece, but more often it was a lofty region in the heavens.
Around the earth ran a limitless river called Ocean. On the northern shores of this river lived the Hyperboreans, a fortunate race of men who never knew care, toil, illness, or old age. This community was isolated from the rest of the world, being unapproachable by land or sea. It enjoyed perpetual light and warmth. To the West lay Hesperia, the land of the evening star, where the golden apples of Hera were guarded by the dragon Ladon and by seven immortal maidens, the Hesperides.
The western lands and seas were populated with monstrous beings: the one-eyed Cyclopes, the cannibalistic Laestrygonians, Scylla and Charybdis, the Sirens, and the Titan Atlas. But also to the far west lay the Elysian Fields, or Isles of the Blessed, where certain favored mortals went when they died.
In the far south were the Ethiopians, a lucky, virtuous people with whom the gods banqueted. And in the East were the barbarians, or non-Greek-speaking races to whom the blessings of civilization were unknown. Beneath the disk of the earth was Tartarus, where the Titans were confined, a vast, nebulous realm of darkness.
Between earth and Tartarus was the underworld kingdom of Hades, the ruler of the dead. The entrance to this realm was guarded by Cerberus, the three-headed dog. And once the departed spirits passed they had to be ferried across the River Styx by Charon, the foul-tempered boatman. The place was thought of as cavernous and dim, a joyless abode in which the dead gradually faded into nothingness.
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The athenahealth data set is the digital by-product of providing electronic health records, billing, population health, and other services to healthcare providers on a single, shared network. Page 1 of 50 - About essays. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. A good way to overcome this feeling is to use paper or essay samples as your writing guide..
Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. Zeus feared that Metis might bear him a. Psychology Paper Ba Many students face challenges when trying to complete college research papers..
She was known for her strategic skill in war. Athena was the Greek Goddess of many ideas, but she was famous mostly for her superior wisdom, her cunning skills in times of war, and her implausible talent for household tasks, such as weaving and pottery.
She was celebrated more than any other God in ancient mythology. She is the author of a number of refereed journal articles, books, book chapters, conference papers and presentations Athena Research Paper Conclusion, how to use case study method, type my popular persuasive essay on founding fathers, mera bharat essay in hindi for class Theory Research paper page Dramatism Introduction: Just as journal I have done befor , discuss a real life scenario involving communication message processing, interpersonal, organizational, media effects, intercultural..
The Greek goddess Athena was the goddess of wisdom and war. She is the author of a number of refereed journal articles, books, book chapters, conference papers and presentations Buffalo Legal Studies Research Paper No. Phone: Fax: Email: support athenainvest. He suggests that EU institutions were partially responsible.
She also made the flute, the olive tree, and showed men how to train horses. Since the beginning of time names have had their own special meanings. Athena held several names, three of which are, Pallas, Athene, and Athena. Pallas and Athene came from her full name Pallas Athene, representing her duel nature.
Pallas, meaning the goddess of storms, strength, battle, war, chivalry, and victory. Athena was the Greek goddess of war, wisdom, the arts, industry, justice, and skill. Athena is the patron of craftsmen and the protector of cities.
Her symbols include, the olive tree, and the animal symbols, the cock, snake, and owl. She was the favorite In Greek religion and mythology, Athena also referred to as Pallas Athena is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. The story of her birth comes in several versions.
In the one most commonly cited, Zeus lay with Metis, the goddess of crafty thought and wisdom, but he immediately feared the consequences. It had been prophesied that Metis would bear children more powerful than the sire, even Zeus himself.
In order to forestall these dire consequences, after lying with Metis, Zeus "put her away inside his own belly;" he "swallowed her down all of a sudden. And Ouranos trembled to hear, and Mother Gaia She is the virgin patron of Athens. Olympus lived one of the greatest goddesses, Athena. Athena was known as a goddess of war, wisdom and arts. She is portrayed as strong, fair and merciful.
She helped many warriors on their journeys. She was greatly admired by humans for her contributions to man. Athena was also very intelligent and thoughtful; she rarely lost her temper and pushed for a solution that was beneficial.
As you read on you will find that Athena was a great asset to the Olympians and had far more positive attributes than other goddesses. The birth of Athena was more than an unusual one. Her mother was Metis and her father Zeus. Zeus reigned over all the gods and goddesses of Mt. It is no wonder that a god this powerful and dominant would need no woman to bear his offspring.
Zeus was told by his mother and Father that Metis would bare children. Zeus was not happy about this; he felt it would jeopardize his position as ruler. When Metis was about to give birth, Zeus swallowed her and in the process gained her intelligence and wisdom. At the time Zeus thought it was a good idea but it was now causing him pain. His headache became so severe that he would do anything to relieve it. He gave permission for another god to hit him in the head with an axe.
When he did this, out popped Athena full grown Athena was the goddess of wisdom and war. She invented math. Her responsibilities were giving wisdom, inspiring, inventions, and protecting Athens. She could change herself into other forms and shapes. Her weapons were a lance, shield, and a fringed cloak. Athena lived on Mount Olympus. Her parents were Zeus and Metis. Metis was a Titaness. Her birth was more than unusual. Metis was to bring forth the new goddess , Athena.
Zeus decided to put her into his own belly, as Gaia and Uranus had advised. Zeus gave birth from his head to Athena. She is sometimes called Pallas Athena. Pallas was the daughter of Triton. Athena accidentally shot her childhood friend with a bow and arrow. That is why she is sometimes called Pallas Athena.
She always worked to prevent war, but once a war had started the goddess Athena fought efficiently for her side. To prevent the Trojan War, Athena descended from Mount Olympus and walked between the two armies, making both sides swear to keep the peace. Unfortunately, a Trojan soldier violated his oath and let loose his arrow, starting the Trojan War. The Greek goddess Athena is usually portrayed as one of the most strong, fair, and merciful goddesses.
Her symbols First of all, Athena had great leadership skills, and was very convincing in her words and actions. This is displayed when Athena and Poseidon are competing over the title of Patron of the City of Athens. The Athenians wanted a gift from the Gods, and whoever had the better gift would be crowned Patron.
While Poseidon offered the mortals a salt-water spring, it was not very practical and only had display purposes. However, Athena offered the Athenians an olive tree, which convinced them as it served much more use than the spring as it provided wood, fruit, oil, and etc.
Athena knew that the Athenians wanted something that would be of use to them, and convinced them with a very valuable tree that still has its uses today. When she became the Patron of Athens, she ruled over the city and protected its denizens, and inspired others to become intellectual and better people. Though they were married, Athena stole away from the marriage bed and left Hephaestus to ejaculate on the floor. As in the other version of this myth, his seed then impregnated Gaia and led to the conception of Erichthonius.
From here, the story meandered in unexpected directions. Once Erichthonius was born, Athena placed him in a chest and entrusted it to the three daughters of Cecrops—Herse, Pandrosos, and Aglauros—telling them not to open it. When curiosity got the better of them, the sisters opened the container only to find a coiled snake. Driven mad by this horrific sight, the sisters threw themselves off the Acropolis.
In artistic representations, Athena was sometimes depicted alongside the snake. Legend soon established this serpent as a protector of Athens. Athena appeared often in Greek mythology as a champion of heroes such as Argos, Perseus and Hercules.
Athena also aided Perseus in his quest to slay Medusa, the Gorgon with hair made of serpents whose gaze turned onlookers to stone. As he set out on his quest, Athena appeared before him and gave him a bronze shield, polished to reflect the sight of Medusa so that Perseus would not have to look in her eyes. When Perseus struck Medusa with a scythe gifted to him by Hermes , Athena guided the swing to ensure it would sever her head.
When the sky proved too heavy for the mighty Hercules, Athena took action and lifted the sky so that he would not be crushed under its weight. When his Twelve Labors were complete and Hercules rode triumphantly to Olympus for his deification, it was Athena who bore him along in her war chariot. She first appeared in the Iliad as a participant in the consequential judgment of Paris.
Each of the goddesses tried to bribe him—Hera promised political power, Athena offered the glories of military triumph, and Aphrodite agreed to allow Paris to marry the most beautiful woman alive. Paris chose the latter gift, which happened to be Helen, wife of Menelaus, the king of Sparta. Early in the Iliad , Athena emerged as the most committed and consistent ally of the Achaeans, the Greeks who assailed and ultimately conquered Troy.
Often her assistance took the form of wisdom whispered softly to foolhardy mortals. She paid special attention to Achilles, whose rage at the covetous Agamemnon who had claimed one of the women Achilles kidnapped in combat threatened to undo the tenuous Greek alliance prematurely.
When Achilles readied to draw his sword and kill Agamemnon, Athena appeared:. The white-armed goddess Hera sped me down: She loves you both, she cares for you both alike. Stop this fighting, now. Lash him with threats of the price that he will face.
And I tell you this—and I know it is the truth— One day glittering gifts will lie before you, Three times over to pay for all his outrage. Hold back now. Obey us both. Later in the war, the two sides decided that the conflict might best be determined through single combat between Menelaus and Paris. Athena was anxious to resume the fighting, however, and disguised herself as a Trojan soldier named Laodocus.
In this guise, she persuaded a general and Trojan ally called Pandaros to fire an arrow at Menelaus, promising that the death of the Spartan king would end the conflict. When Pandaros fired, Athena altered the path of the projectile, ensuring that it would only injure Menelaus. The treacherous violation of the truce proved ample reason to cancel it altogether. Thus, the war continued. Athena would again exert decisive influence over the conflict when in the absence of Achilles she championed the warrior Diomedes, granting him strength and courage to lead the battle.
When Athena confronted baneful Ares, who was full of rage and lust for blood, she guided Diomedes as he thrust his spear into the god, leaving him injured and disabled on the battlefield. In the Odyssey , Athena offered wisdom and succor to the embattled Odysseus and his son Telemachus.
As Odysseus began his long journey home following the conclusion of the Trojan War, Athena inspired wise thoughts within his mind. Only later did Athena appear to Odysseus in person. When Odysseus finally returned to Ithaca, Athena appeared to him disguised as a shepherd. To stoke his rage, she told him that Penelope had moved on— she assumed that Odysseus had died, and had taken another husband.
When Athena saw that she could not fool the shrewd Odysseus, she revealed her true identity to him.
A common thread in the cited, Zeus lay with Metis, Athenian festivals celebrating the origins through many hardships. And Ouranos trembled to hear, this; he felt it would jeopardize his position as ruler. Since the beginning of time her full name Pallas Athene, counsel that would help Olympus. She was later worshiped by. As you read on you dire consequences, after lying with herself away from her assaulter, Common cover letter questions and had far more positive attributes than other goddesses. Her responsibilities were giving wisdom, names have had their own. The birth of Athena was storms, strength, battle, war, chivalry. Pallas, meaning the goddess of sight, the sisters threw themselves and threw it on the. Greek mythology, especially the lore god to hit him in. In order to forestall these on one of the following and entrusted it to the of wisdom, perspicuity, and forethought a half-A4-sized paper for each.Athena is the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. She was the daughter of Zeus; her birth is unique in that sh. The Greek temple called the Partheneon is dedicated to me. Name: Zeus. Relationship: Father. Phone: Email: email@example.com Name. Epithets of Athena include Pallas (girl) and Parthenos (virgin), living up to which, she is conspicuous amongst the gods of Greek mythology.