Therefore, when you introduce examples, make sure to judiciously provide evidence when needed and use phrases that will appropriately and clearly explain how the proof supports your argument. To assist you with effectively supporting your statements, we have organized the introductory phrases below according to their function. This list is not exhaustive but will provide you with ideas of the types of phrases you can use. The island is home to many native carnivorous plants, such as Venus flytraps.
The only known bioluminescent vertebrates are fish e. I prefer outdoor sports like mountain climbing because they allow me to enjoy nature while exercising. All mammals, excluding humans, stop drinking milk at a young age. All stars, including our sun,.
Hawks feast on rodents, an example being. Unlike a single-blind study, a double-blind study reduces the risk of observer bias. Redundancy and wordiness can be reduced in the same way: through careful editing. In a typical situation, marsupials would.
In a normal scenario, cortisol suppressant effects. Ice-free habitats around Antarctica, in fact, have. High carbon steel alloys, notably, undergo a transformation when. Markedly, the deserts irregular rainfall levels have. As a case in point, the last known male northern white rhinoceros. Although any research author can make use of these helpful phrases and bolster their academic writing by entering them into their work, before submitting to a journal, it is a good idea to let a professional academic editor take a look to ensure that all terms and phrases make sense in the given research context.
Not all journals use the same terms and phraseology in their publications, so it is also a sound idea to read through at least a few manuscripts of your target journal before submitting your manuscript. Remember Me. Sign in. Sign in with Facebook Sign in with Google. Forgot your password? Sign in Register. Academic Resources. Our Academic Editing Services. Tags: academic writing tips , research writing.
Enter your email to receive a discount code. We will not send other content to your inbox. Get your instant quote! Service Type Choose an option…. Document Type Choose an option…. We can apply our algorithm to solve this difficult problem.
We will now demonstrate our method on some specific problems. Here we solve several problems simultaneously. The contributions made should be of wide interest. The main advantage is the simplified pattern. The methods section that follows the introduction section should provide a clear description of the…. In this blog, we review various academic writing resources such as academic phrasebank, academic wordlists,…. This series of work is very awesome to me.
So can I bother you or someone else to share with us more about some books, websites or some other contents relating systematically presenting synonym, expressions, senstences. This was really useful as I was stuck with the same old phrases. It also provided a clear structure for the rest of my thesis. Thank you. This very helpful, I had no idea where to start.
I was stuck with full of information but not knowing how to start. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Related Posts. It is…. Academic Phrases for Writing Methods Section of a Research Paper The methods section that follows the introduction section should provide a clear description of the…. Reply to this message. This is awesome I liked your page on facebook instantly! Thank you so much. How to discribe some data increase or decrease in several different ways?
Many thanks indeed. I find it very useful. It is really helpful.
In the first paragraph, briefly describe the broad research area and then narrow down to your particular focus. This will help position your research topic within the broader field, making the work accessible to a broader audience, not just to specialists in your field. Papers rejected for "not showing the importance of the topic" or "lacking clear motivation" usually neglect this point. Say what you want to achieve and why your reader should be interested in finding out whether you achieve it.
The basic structure can be as simple as "We aim to do X, which is important because it will lead to Y. Once you've narrowed your focus to the specific topic of your study, you should thoroughly cover the most recent and most relevant literature pertaining to your study. Your review of the literature should be complete, but not overly long— remember, you're not writing a review article.
If you find that your introduction is too long or overflowing with citations, one possible solution is to cite review articles, rather than all the individual articles that have already been summarized in the review. Consider the following sentence: "Many studies have found a significant association between X and Y . Although references  might provide a good overview of the topic, this sentence doesn't provide enough context or explanation for these past studies.
If all of these references are worth citing, they should be discussed in greater specificity. For example, "A significant association has been found between X and Y in men , women , and children . Get featured articles and other author resources sent to you in English, Japanese, or both languages via our monthly newsletter.
For research in empirical sciences, stating a hypothesis can be an effective way of framing the research. For example, instead of stating "In this study, we show that X is related to Y by method A," you could say, "In this study, we hypothesize that X is related to Y, and we use method A to test this hypothesis. An organizational overview is more common in some fields than others.
It is particularly common in technology, but less so in medicine. In the last paragraph of your introduction, consider giving a section-by-section overview of your paper if it is appropriate for your field. For example, "In Section II, we describe our analysis methods and the datasets we used. In Section III we present the results. In Section IV, we discuss the results and compare our findings with those in the literature.
In Section V, we state our conclusions and suggest possible topics for future research. Try to avoid an overly long introduction. A good target is to words, although checking the journal's guidelines and past issues will provide the clearest guidance. One goal of the introduction is explaining why your research topic is worthy of study. One of the most common pitfalls is to simply say, "Subject X is important. For example, instead of writing "The development of new materials is important for the automotive industry," you could write, "The development of new materials is necessary for the automotive industry to produce stronger, lighter vehicles, which will improve safety and fuel economy.
In the introduction, if your paper is in a field that commonly summarizes the study's main results before starting the methods, you should avoid stating too many detailed results because these results need the development in the other sections of your paper to be properly understood.
Many journals have specific requirements for the introduction in their guidelines for authors. For example, there might be a maximum word count stated or the guidelines might require specific content, such as a hypothesis statement or a summary of your main results. I would like to close with one last piece of advice: When you begin drafting a paper, the introduction should be one of the first things you plan. It's such an important section—setting the scene for everything that follows—that many authors write the methods, results, and discussion sections in full before completing the introduction.
I hope these tips help you to write effective introductions that capture the attention of readers and reviewers. If you're interested in more writing tips, check out our 10 Tips for Writing an Effective Abstract. In each example, the first sentence draws the reader in to find out how the interesting fact leads to a point.
Some people might find a deep and mysterious meaning in this fact…. Definition: A homograph is a word with two or more pronunciations. Produce is one example…. Anecdote: Yesterday morning I watched as my older sister left for school with a bright white glob of toothpaste gleaming on her chin.
I felt no regret at all until she stepped onto the bus …. The body of your introductory paragraph should fulfill two functions: It should explain your first sentence and should build up to your thesis statement. You'll find that this is much easier than it sounds. Just follow the pattern you see in the above examples. During the revision stage for the paper as a whole, you can make further refinements to the introduction as needed.
Share Flipboard Email. Grace Fleming. Education Expert. Grace Fleming, M. Updated February 19, Cite this Article Format. Fleming, Grace. Watch Now: Elements of a Research Paper. Examples of Great Introductory Paragraphs.
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