Belcher found increased technology use led to better math scores on PSAT. More studies on the effect of technology and test scores. Using technology as an intervention for struggling students. The following example is for a five-paragraph compare and contrast essay on driving vs using public transportation. It uses the full sentence structure.
Research could investigate the specific costs of each type of transportation, their environmental impact, and the value of convenience. Many people use both private and public transportation. Most large cities have busses, subways, and elevated trains that travel within walking distance of many city centers. There are millions of cars on the road, attesting to their popularity.
This paper will examine the similarities and differences between public and private transportation. There are several similarities between public and private automobile transportation. There are several differences between public and private automobile transportation.
The daily costs of maintaining an automobile are higher. The net environmental impact of using public transportation is less, therefore it is better for the environment. Public transportation requires adhering to the public transportation schedule.
Private transportation is more convenient, allowing for greater freedom. While public transportation does have advantages, driving is superior. Driving accommodates those with special physical needs. This paper examined the similarities and differences between using private and public transportation.
Advantages of public transportation include cost and environmental considerations. Advantages of private transportation include convenience, speed, time savings. Ways to overcome the advantages of public transportation:. Reduce environmental impact by buying an electric car, carpooling, or ride-sharing. Reduce the cost of driving by ride-sharing, buying a reliable used car, driving infrequently.
In conclusion, both types of transportation have their respective advantages and disadvantages; for reasons outlined above, however, I believe driving is preferable to public transportation. Indeed Home. Find jobs. Company reviews. Find salaries. Upload your resume. Sign in. Career Development. Why use an outline? How to write a research paper outline.
Determine the type of essay you'll be writing. Research essays for high school are early college are often five paragraphs in length and are either descriptive or argumentative. Determine your topic. Many times, instructors provide topics for students. The best topics are those that are of interest to your reader and are arguable. Gather notes , resources and references. Complete any necessary research or investigations. Organize your outline by using one of the following styles: full sentence or alpha-numeric.
Alpha-numeric outlines provide less detail than full sentence outlines. There are examples of both below. Consider using parallel structure. Each section of the outline should begin with the same type of word--nouns or verbs, for example.
If using verbs, be certain to use the same tense. Think in terms of the five-paragraph essay, even if your paper is longer. Essential sections include an introduction, body paragraphs that directly address the thesis and a conclusion. Craft your introductory sentence. This is one of the most important sentences of your paper, second only to the thesis. This sentence should generate interest while introducing your topic.
Add the ideas--or full sentences--for at least three supporting sentences, quotations, or citations. Create an arguable thesis. This is typically the final sentence in the introduction and contains three points. For example, "The film Rosemary's Baby is a masterpiece because of its use of atmospheric horror, its visual symbols, and the surprise ending.
Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that sequentially addresses points in the thesis. For example, the first body paragraph in an essay using the thesis above may be: "Rosemary's Baby was among the first films to successfully use several cinematic elements to create atmospheric horror. For example, "For the reasons outlined above, Rosemary's Baby was a masterpiece of modern cinematic horror.
End the conclusion with a declarative statement or by making suggestions for future research. The structure for a compare and contrast essay is slightly different. Typically, such papers consist of an introduction, a paragraph of similarities, a paragraph to discuss differences, and a conclusion.
Consider advanced organizers for longer essays. In such cases, each point of the thesis may be developed through multiple paragraphs; these may be introduced through an advanced organizer, headings, and subheadings. Example research paper outlines. Research outline example one. Most often, a thesis contains three points. Research outline example 2. Describe ketogenic parameters for: a. Thesis The ketogenic diet may decrease the prevalence of disease by controlling blood sugar, reducing the intake of refined foods, and limiting excessive protein intake.
Describe week ketogenic diet study on diabetes and blood sugar control McMurray, Describe week ketogenic diet study on Alzheimer's and blood sugar control McMurray Your chosen subheadings should hold the same significance as each other, as should all first sub-points, secondary sub-points, and so on. Subordination refers to the separation of general points from specific.
Your main headings should be quite general, and each level of sub-point should become more specific. Your headings should be divided into two or more subsections. There is no limit to how many subsections you can include under each heading, but keep in mind that the information will be structured into a paragraph during the writing stage, so you should not go overboard with the number of sub-points.
Ready to start writing or looking for guidance on a different step in the process? Read our step-by-step guide on how to write a research paper. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Research paper Research paper outline. Research paper outline Published on January 7, by Courtney Gahan. A quality outline can make writing your research paper more efficient by helping to: organize your thoughts.
A research paper outline can also give your teacher an early idea of the final product. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example. Alphanumeric Full-sentence Decimal An alphanumeric outline is most commonly used.
Example: First body paragraph of the research paper First point of evidence to support the main argument Sub-point discussing evidence outlined in point A Additional sub-point to conclude discussion of point of evidence introduced in point A. Example: 1 Body paragraph one 1.
Example of parallelism: Introduce the immunization debate, addressing two sides: why immunization is recommended and why there are groups questioning it Include different regions, focusing on the different arguments from those against immunization. Example of coordination: Introduce outbreaks in USA, Australia, Thailand Include immunization figures in affected regions Outline dangers presented by measles as linked to other diseases Illnesses that can result from the measles virus.
Example of subordination: V. Is this article helpful? She has worked as a freelance writer and editor since , and joined the Scribbr team as an editor in June She loves helping students and academics all over the world improve their writing and learning about their research while doing so!
You will probably find that one idea fits your style, interests, and knowledge base: you can choose that one as your thesis statement. Remember that the thesis statement is the skeleton, the central concept of your paper. If you do a thorough job on it, you will find that writing and defending! Be aware that all of these stages are parts of a procedure — one leads to another. When writing a term paper, you should collect the material and wrap it up at the same time.
Some people claim that they can write a term paper without any planning. In our opinion, this is impossible. It may come as a surprise, but even people who claim otherwise actually prepare outlines — in their heads. Get professional help with our essay writer! Understand that your aim is to create an excellent term paper and keep working at it until you are satisfied.
In the Introduction , state the topic that you are going to investigate and the context of your work. In a nutshell, your introduction combined with a conclusion should give a sneak peek into what the whole paper is about. If your introduction is well-prepared, it will be quite complacent about the body of your project.
The introduction must include an abstract that presents your thesis statement. You should explain your motivation why should the reader be concerned about this problem? The Literature Review totally corresponds to its name — it is here to review the literature you compiled. Your professor will double check it to make sure that you understand the context of your argument. One more thing to add is: collect all the information you can!
Ideally, you should read or at least glance through every book and author that you can find on the topic. In the Discussion , you must present the interpretations of the problem. This section connects the dots between theory and practice when writing a term paper. Wherever possible, provide several interpretations of the subject matter, then choose the one s that are most relevant to the case you are presenting. In the Body , focus on those arguments that prove your thesis statement.
This section must be absolutely logical. If you have chosen a more complicated topic, use heading and sub-headings to improve the appearance of this section. While writing the body, keep your target audience your professors in mind. Demonstrate that you are familiar with the details and you will stun your readers with the prolific mastery of the topic. Now, the Conclusion is her to summarize both the content and the purpose of the paper.
The most challenging part is not to make it too dry. Reiterate your thesis statement and briefly show how your results justified your proposition. At the very end, you can suggest a call to action or pose a rhetorical question or statement that leaves your reader wanting more.
When you have finished, reread your work a couple of times. You will almost certainly find a few faults, whether they are contextual, factual, syntactical, grammatical, or even simple spelling mistakes. A very useful tip is to wait for two or three days after writing your final draft to proofread it afterward. When proofreading, take care to polish the structural problems. The skeleton the logic and the thesis statement should make sense.
The changes may take some time, but bear in mind that your objective is to produce professional work. Be patient! After that, print the term paper. Be sure to check the sample of a term paper, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to perfect your own writing.
There you have the most important tips to help you succeed in writing a term paper. As a high school or college student, you definitely have your fair share of assignments. From carrying out backbreaking research on late historical figures to writing endless essays, school work can be a tad draining. However, one assignment that always seems to have students in a fix is the satire essay. A profile essay, or article, is a piece of journalistic-cum-literary writing.
The aim is to present factual information on a given topic person, place, animal, or event while writing with an individual tone and style. In this article, we will expand on the concept of a profile essay. We will also tackle what a profile is and what purpose profiles serve. Finally, we will present strategies for preparing your research and strengthening your writing technique, as well as offer tips on structure and potential topics.
In this article, we cover the basics of problem solution essay writing. We will explain what a problem and solution essay is in academic and straightforward terms. We shall also cover the four essential components that make this essay coherent. With these four components in mind, we will offer guidance on the outline structure and provide some general writing tips on research and problem solving, as well as some topics and essay samples. Articles Bloggers Guides Samples.
Guides 30 June, 16 minutes read Author: Mathieu Johnson. Before you begin writing Unfortunately, there is no magical recipe that allows you to get everything done fast. Choosing a Topic: Easy as Riding a Bike? Related Post: Persuasive essay topics Formulating a Thesis statement Writing a proper thesis statement can also be challenging.
Planning — The Key To Success Some people claim that they can write a term paper without any planning. You should also add subpoints to each paragraph section that include what evidence you'll be presenting in the paragraph. Finally, outline your conclusion by writing the main points you'd like to use to wrap up your paper. For help researching and preparing for your term paper, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers.
Article Summary. Support wikiHow and unlock all samples. Part 1 of Review your assignment. You may have been given an assignment or prompt for your paper, or a description of it may be found in your syllabus. Do not wait until a day before the paper is due to email your instructor a question about the paper.
This delay also suggests to your instructor that you have not planned ahead or given the assignment the proper attention. Decide on a topic. You may have been assigned a topic, or you may be free to choose your own. Is it to persuade, inform, argue, or analyze? Do your research. Most term papers require research. You should begin to gather research materials before you outline and write your essay. Librarians are excellent resources who can guide you to credible and relevant research sources.
Make sure your sources are reliable. Keep track of your sources. EndNote and RefWorks are very handy for keeping a record of sources you consult. You may have access to these through your school. Make sure you record the page numbers and sources for any quotations you copy out. Develop your topic. You should generate some ideas about your topic before you try to organize your paper. You may find that prewriting exercises can help you get started.
Here are a few you can try:  X Research source Try freewriting. Write for minutes about whatever comes to mind about your topic. You can repeat this exercise multiple times to generate ideas. Clustering is a type of mind-mapping that can help you see connections between ideas. Start by writing your topic on the center of a piece of paper and draw a box around it. Then, draw a few lines extending from the box. At the end of each of these lines, write down an idea that corresponds to this topic and circle each.
Write each question on a separate sheet of paper and respond to the question in as much detail as you can. Write a working thesis. Your thesis statement will likely evolve as you write your term paper. This type of thesis rarely works for term papers, as they are longer and more complex essays.
Go with a statement that states the main focus or claim for your paper. Start early. A term paper is usually longer than other types of essays, and it often counts for a significant portion of your grade. Additionally, a term paper usually requires research that takes time and work to produce. Work on your paper in stages, if you can. Give yourself at least a day between each stage to allow you to come to the paper with fresh eyes.
Part 2 of Begin with your introduction. This may involve explanatory remarks of what your field entails, what the purpose of your paper is, and contextual information that your reader needs in order to understand your argument. Your thesis and argument is likely to evolve as you write, so spending too much time on the introduction up front may be a waste of time.
Introductions usually begin with a broad statement and narrow in until you present your thesis statement. Provide a few bullet points about where you will start and include your thesis statement. Write topic sentences for each paragraph. Separate different topics into different sections or paragraphs, so that each paragraph deals with one main idea. A good topic sentence will be informative, directional, and interesting.
Once you have your topic sentences, you will have an idea of what your paragraphs will discuss. You can now decide how to organize these paragraphs in the first level of your outline. II is your first body paragraph, III is your second body paragraph, and so forth.
Place each Roman numeral on a new line, followed by a topic sentence. You may find that as you develop your paragraphs further, they fit better in other sections of the paper. Fill in subpoints on the second level of your outline. This level incorporates subpoints of your main point.
They will form the body of your body paragraphs. Indent the second level about 0. Many word processing programs will do this automatically. List your subtopics beneath your topic sentence. Each subtopic should be related to the main goal or idea of the paragraph. Use your research and the material you generated during prewriting to help you fill in this level. Expand on subpoints with a third outline level.
If you need to, you can use a third outline level to expand on your subpoints. This level uses Arabic numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. Provide a conclusion in the last section. Your conclusion will wrap up your argument for your reader. It should return your thesis, but should not restate it exactly.