That means that it should accurately reflect each key aspect of your paper. In other words, it is a concise, comprehensive summary of your paper. This is where you describe the problem you were exploring, the methods you used to explore it, and the results or conclusions of your exploration.
In some cases, you might also be required to state the significance of your conclusions. Remember, the specific sections or labels in your abstract might vary based on who you are submitting to. In addition to the formatting requirements, the Publication Manual also provides some guidance on what other qualities make for a good abstract.
Here are the qualities of a good abstract as defined by APA. You can find more information on how to formulate a great abstract in chapter 3. In large part, the abstract page is formatted just like any APA paper. That means that it should be 12pt font and double-spaced the whole way through. It is important to note that some publications will have their own instructions on how to format the abstract. In addition, some publications require a statement of significance in addition to the abstract.
The abstract page of an APA paper can be presented in two ways. As the author, you have the option of presenting your abstract in either paragraph format or structured format. Paragraph format is more common with student papers. This is a single paragraph with no indentation on the first line.
The objective, method, results, and conclusions are presented one after another in a simple, narrative manner. Structured format is similar in formatting with one key difference. This format calls for the insertion of specific labels to identify the different parts of the abstract. Note how the first line is not indented like a normal paragraph. The key role that animals play in our aesthetic appreciation of the natural world has only gradually been highlighted in discussions in environmental aesthetics.
It is through their movement that the array of qualities we admire in animals are manifest qua animal qualities. Against functionalist and formalist accounts, I defend and develop an account of expressive-responsive movement as the primary perceptual sense of animals.
In the paragraph above, Greaves uses his first sentence to explain the basic problem, and the next two sentences to describe the method. The fourth sentence presents the results, and the fifth sentence wraps things up with a conclusion. Next up is an example of a properly formatted APA abstract written in structured format. This example uses the same abstract as above, with the addition of identifying labels.
Structured abstracts are only necessary when specifically requested by the class, institution, or journal you are submitting to. For all APA journals, these labels are bold, italicized, and capitalized. These are the acronyms, phrases, or words that describe the most important elements of your paper. The rest of the information should be presented in a logical order, and it should accurately represent the content of your paper.
Since an abstract is very short, you need to make sure that every sentence tells the reader something essential. Is the abstract title supposed to be bold? Different sources said yes and no, so I am unsure which one is right. Hope that helps! Say goodbye to inaccurate citations! Have a language expert improve your writing.
Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. Are your APA in-text citations flawless? What is the purpose of an abstract? It serves two main purposes: To help potential readers determine the relevance of your paper for their own research.
How long should an APA abstract be? Where does the abstract go in an APA paper? Can you cite sources in an abstract? There are two reasons for this: The abstract should focus on your original research, not on the work of others. The abstract should be self-contained and fully understandable without reference to other sources. Is this article helpful?
Raimo Streefkerk Raimo is an expert in explaining plagiarism and citing sources. He has been writing helpful articles since and is continuously improving Scribbr's Citation Generators. Other students also liked. Learn how to format each heading level, when to use them, and how to set them up in Word. It appears in the header of all pages.
APA title page cover page An APA title page student version , includes the title, author's name and affiliation, course name, instructor name, and due date. Hi Bia, The order of information may vary depending on your field and the type of research. I hope that answers your question! Ilana November 24, at PM Is the abstract title supposed to be bold? Still have questions? Please click the checkbox on the left to verify that you are a not a bot.