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Do my political science biography

I believe that first year is meant to be an introductory year of experience in university and trying to find your strengths so when you reach your next couple years, you will be playing to your strengths. Although I did not join many clubs in my first year, I took it as a year to adjust to university because the jump from high school to university is a big step.

In my second year, I had taken my first city studies course and I really enjoyed it. Second year was the year where I tried to join clubs, make friends with people in my program, and got to know professors. In the middle of my second year, I had unfortunately fallen in academic probation, because of the fact that I was over occupied with classes and homework, and work outside of school.

Maintaining all those things was hard but that showed me how to pick myself up after falling that hard. By the end of my second year, I picked myself up out of probation, and started choosing my courses wisely. In my third year, I was involved in one club, started being familiar with professors and interacting with more people. By this point in my life, I have realized almost exactly what I plan to do with my life and I started thinking about graduate school and how to write a proper academic resume.

By third year, students should have a sense of what they plan on doing for their career and start working on it at this time in their lives. Also, the process of planning includes how to graduate and what courses are left to take in order to graduate for the purpose of having a set out plan and not experiencing any bumps in the road in the meanwhile. What factors contributed to you choosing your program s? I have been interested in politics since high school but taking my first course in Philosophy in my first year made me want to major in that as well.

I felt that learning critical thinking, argumentation, and reason would also help me in law school and beyond, as those skills are transferable to just about any field of work. Can you describe your program s? What is it actually like? Being in a philosophy program is really great for a number of reasons. At first, class sizes are quite large and the material might be very different from your other courses, but you will find very early on that you will have plenty of opportunity to form your own opinions based on the material in class.

I went to a Catholic school, so for me it was exciting to be able to critically engage with topics such as religion or morality. As you go through the upper years, the topics get more in depth and the material is sometimes quite difficult, but your classes will be smaller and you will have a lot of opportunities to discuss the material with your professor and your peers. As a result, you tend to get to know the people in your classes and make friends along the way.

Majoring in Philosophy requires that you be prepared to do a lot of reading and writing. Learning to read and write philosophy articles is critical to your success in the program and courses such as Writing for Philosophy are designed to give you the skills you need to be successful in a Philosophy program.

Tip 1 - Get to know the people in your program! The philosophy department is relatively small and you'll start to see familiar faces after taking a few classes. Your peers are a great resource to discuss ideas you might have for a paper or assignment. Plus it is really fun and interesting to get to know your fellow students and their views and opinions as well. Tip 2 - Don't be afraid to start with the B-level philosophy courses right away! Many B level philosophy courses have no prerequisites and are accessible to students without much background in philosophy.

If you ever run into trouble your TAs and your professor are always there to help. I have applied to law school for the upcoming fall semester What has your academic journey during your time been like as you progress toward graduation? In first year, I mainly took general courses at the A level as I was not yet completely sure what I wanted to focus on but settled on doing a double major of Political Science and Philosophy. In second year, I made more connections on campus and joined clubs on groups which led me to get to know a huge variety of people on campus.

In third year, I became very involved with the philosophy department as the president of the Association of Philosophy Students. Now I am in fourth year and I am focusing on what I plan to do after I graduate. I first chose these programs because I had the intentions of going to law school and they were the subjects I did best in high school. I did a lot of research and found out that English majors tended to better on the LSAT's further validating my decision.

However, it has become much more than that when I saw what this program had to offer me - intersectionality. I chose a double major because I wanted variety and diversity. I also knew that the skills that I would gain from the English program would be transferable to many of the other fields that I was considering after my undergraduate degree. Being part of this program is absolutely amazing and very different from what I expected it would be like in high school.

The courses in both programs look for new ideas and insights providing students with a lot of freedom to explore their interests and passions, which also applies to selecting courses to achieve your major. My major in English, for example, is built upon mainly: theory, contemporary literature, and film while my major in Political Science focuses on Canadian politics and policy and political philosophy.

Both programs have allowed me to unpack politics and literature and a vast number of real-world issues like politics or scientific advancement. That's what really got me hooked to my double major, seeing the intersectionality and the intertwining of the skill sets I've learned and applied them in all of my courses and in the real world. The area of humanities is a broad area of study that even in my last year it has been quite difficult to pinpoint what I really want to do with my degree.

But, I have narrowed it down into applying for: masters in public policy and administration, masters in industrial relations, or law school. In my first and second year, I did a variety of courses along with my program prerequisites to not only expand and discover my interests but to also fulfil my breadth requirements.

Taking this variety of courses helped find me find what I'm interested in and solidified my decision in doing a double major in English and Political Science. In my third year, I started really focusing on finishing up the different courses I have left for my degree as well as getting involved with SELF as their Chair Coordinator. My interests were always in the social sciences, but I had joined the Pre-management program in thinking about my future.

However, I came to learn that my strengths were more useful to me in the social sciences rather than in other areas, so I decided to change majors. Personally, I felt like a number in large lecture halls and in the political science program I felt more comfortable.

The TAs in the Political science program really helped me out in the year I switched programs, because they offered individual help and support. The smaller tutorials were very helpful and created an environment where you could get to know the TA and other classmates, which I liked a lot more. The Political Science program is a very interesting program where students are able to voice their opinions and apply things they learn in class in real life situations, and really engage in discussions with peers and professors.

The professors and TAs are very intelligent and great at teaching as well, which I found very important. Attend lectures, pay attention, and ask questions. Understanding material from readings may be good, but not enough to do well.

If you engage in class discussions and ask questions, not only will you remember the material better later, but your overall experience in the class will improve. Don't be afraid to disagree with something your professor or other classmates say. Most of the time you are not the only one who thinks so, and many times there is no right answer.

Your opinion is very important, so voice it! I plan on getting an internship or looking for a job in the field of international relations. I do not necessarily plan on working in the government, but if I am able to get Canadian citizenship, that is definitely an option. First year was very difficult for me. I am an international student from Brazil and my graduating class comprised of only 54 people, so it was really like a small family for me.

When I arrived, it was very different and difficult for me to adapt. As a result, it took me longer to really get used to the University routine, and did not know how to get help. The program I was in was not very enjoyable to me, and so I decided to switch out from the Pre-management program in my second year. In my second year, I was still deciding what program to join. With the help of some friends and support from family, I looked for help from the school and found out they were very helpful.

I was able to join the Political Science Program because there were no requirements to join it, and immediately began taking Political Science courses. I was still thinking about pursuing a psychology major or minor as well, but later decided to choose the specialist program for political science. Once I took political science courses, I was genuinely interested in the course material and the TAs in my courses really helped me succeed.

I constantly asked them for help and they were so kind to take the time to really try to help me. I still struggled a bit, but because I had support, it was definitely more enjoyable and I felt happier. By the end of my second year, I was still behind in Political science credits to graduate within 4 years, so I decided to stay in Canada and take summer courses.

As they were C-level courses, the classroom sizes were a lot smaller and I really liked that. It was less intimidating to ask questions in lectures and talk to the professors, which helped me understand things a lot better. In my third year, I was still taking required courses for my program, and trying to fulfill some of the breadth requirements needed to graduate.

It was a lot easier to follow a guideline because by then I had decided to specialize in political science. The courses were still very interesting and I decided to follow the international relations stream, which interested me the most and I really enjoyed my classes. Overall, the courses went well and I was happy to have joined the political science program. I am currently in my fourth and last year. D-level courses are very different, in a good way.

They offer much smaller classroom sizes and the seminar courses are very interesting because you learn a lot from the professors and from your peers. They are basically discussions you have with your peers, led by very intelligent professors. They teach you a lot, and make you think in a way that you may not have before. I really enjoyed them. I was interested in becoming an immigration lawyer and thought that this was the best way for me to build a strong foundation of skills and knowledge.

This plan changed as UTSC taught me the strengths that came from bringing an inter-disciplinary approach to learning. When I took classes in women's and gender studies as an elective, I began seeing areas and themes that were discussed in my political science classes.

This included themes such as equal rights, the realm of work, and migration. Seeing these intersections helped me see a new way I could bring together my learning experiences. As a political science student, I was getting an understanding of the technical aspects of policy and politics, while studying gender classes helped give me contextual framework.

When the Political Science department introduced the Public Law stream and distributed the course offerings, I thought that these could help me towards my goal of becoming a lawyer by giving me a better understanding of the legal system. Being a part of these programs really helped me develop my ability to be an independent learner, develop my understanding of the areas, and think critically about the world around me.

While the assignments were research heavy, professors usually gave you topic suggestions that were broad enough for people to pick something they truly were interested in from the classes. Junior courses were broad enough for people to really explore the topics within political science, gender studies, and public law. It is this ability to explore areas I may have not been exposed to before that changed my interest in becoming a lawyer to choosing the master's program I'm currently enrolled in.

I saw the importance of having work in the immigration process. However, the ability to dive deep into Canada's political and legal system helped me see work in a whole new way in Canada's context. The ability to really get into these topics helped me see all the new ways I could interact with the immigration process and other social issues through my new understanding of work.

Talking to professors can be absolutely terrifying but it is such an integral part of the learning process. If office hours are too big of a step, I recommend getting in touch with the Departmental Student Association's to find out when they'll be hosting mix and mingle events with the professors.

This is a good way to get to know your professors but also get to know professors who will be teaching courses or areas you're interested in. They have program specific resources that can help you. Whether it is for research skills, study skills, or career development, they can help you in your realm of study. The Writing Centre is another great place. Find out if there is anyone there who specializes in the subject area you are writing for. As a graduate student, I still find myself using my school's writing centre.

Go to all of the networking and extracurricular events. The Lunch and Learns and Mix and Mingles that I attended helped my understanding of all the ways the program branched out into the world. People provided invaluable advice for the working world. However, I think the best piece of advice that I got from these events was that it was okay to fail and that it was okay to not have an answer for everything. I've already graduated and my degree from UTSC has really helped me throughout my master's program in industrial relations.

Those readings may seem heavy at times, but they have helped me a lot! I find myself referencing and revisiting them throughout my courses. My master's program really emphasizes the disciplinary approach and I'm able to use what I know and try to push myself to see subjects from different disciplinary lenses. In addition, what I learned through the public law program has been foundational for my understanding of the main issues of my program.

Because my program goes very deeply into labour law, the things I have learned from public law courses have helped me really strengthen what I'm currently learning. However, one interesting piece that I got out of the political science program was the quantitative analysis credit that I needed. Being exposed to how statistics and social science intersected gave me the leg up I needed in my master's program.

My undergraduate experience was a rollercoaster. I finished strong in my first year. However, my transition into second year was met with a couple of personal challenges that affected my studies. Finding support through student services was imperative for overcoming my personal challenges and succeed in my third year. Fortunately, through the support I received from student service departments, I was able to bounce back and become more involved with my academics.

By third year, I was narrowing my academic interests down and by fourth year, I was taking a lighter course load focused specifically on areas I was interested in such as an independent research project. My experience between first to third years was imperative in accomplishing the independent research project because of its need for taking my learning towards its own direction.

I have been changing programs from my first year at UTSC till recently, my 4th year fall semester. I came to UTSC interested in pursuing a Chemistry co-op program and ever since then, I have shown an interest for programs in biology, psychology, management, environmental science, health studies and political science.

As I progressed throughout my undergrad, I was always curious to explore the wide variety of courses UofT offered. Having always been a science student, I decided to use these four years to explore my interests and discover which program I can thrive in. Ultimately I decided on these program choices, specifically Public Policy co-op, because of the multidisciplinary nature of the program.

It encompassed my multiple interests, as it allowed me to take courses in public policy, political science, management, health studies, while also giving me valuable professional experience in the industry. The multidisciplinary approach to this program allows you to gain a deep understanding of public policies and government processes, while still being able to study and apply this to your other interest areas.

This program equips you with the qualitative and quantitative analytical skills you would need to be successful policy analysts. In my case, it even enabled me to be a successful business analyst. This is in large part due to the great professors in the department and the classroom dynamics, which allow you to actively interact with the professor and other students. You can always count on professors to help you with coursework as well as guide you in your professional aspirations.

Another highlight of the program is the co-op option where you have the opportunity to apply your skills and knowledge at great placements, in the public, private or non-profit sectors. Through my 8 month placement at Cancer Care Ontario, a provincial agency under the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, I was able to grow professionally and personally.

The exposure I received and network I built made my Public Policy experience truly comprehensive. Although the courses and co-op search can be difficult, successfully overcoming these challenges makes a tremendous contribution to your professional and personal growth. One of the best things about an undergraduate degree, especially one in Public Policy, is that it equips you with the essential skills needed to be successful in any post-grad direction you take.

Whether you want to secure employment or study further, all the doors are open for you. The point is that those who study political science get the type of training that prepares them for numerous job opportunities. As a student of politics, you learn more about how to become a thinker and a professional than many jobs require; above all else, you learn to become an active and responsible citizen.

As citizens - national and perhaps global - we also learn about our democratic rights and how to hold leaders accountable for what they do. The study of politics is thus not simply about turning you into a politician but more about teaching you to become a critical thinker, which, in turn, prepares you for a large variety of promising career options.

Career options include those in the federal, provincial, and local governments whose institutions include the executive, legislative and judicial branches, civil society organizations, such as non-governmental organizations NGOs , and the private sector. Political science graduates who are business-minded can even start or join businesses in various fields. If working for the private sector is your goal, all you need to do is supplement your Political Science Major with courses in economics, business, accounting, mathematics, and statistics or you can pursue a double degree in Political Science and Business or Economics.

Political Science students have the advantage of learning and knowing about government policies, rules and regulations - knowledge that is increasingly important in today's business world. Do you know that political science graduates have even chosen careers in personnel, marketing, advising, banking, finance, and public relations?

With some work experience, you may also find yourself able to work in both the private and public sectors. One thing you should keep in mind is that your future employer will likely be looking for people who can do the following:. You can develop a general knowledge of political science and then specialize in some of the fields that are of most interest to you and that can help you realize your career dreams. You can explore different perspectives on politics at different levels and then become equipped to develop your own.

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As citizens - national and perhaps global - we also learn about our democratic rights and how to hold leaders accountable for what they do. The study of politics is thus not simply about turning you into a politician but more about teaching you to become a critical thinker, which, in turn, prepares you for a large variety of promising career options.

Career options include those in the federal, provincial, and local governments whose institutions include the executive, legislative and judicial branches, civil society organizations, such as non-governmental organizations NGOs , and the private sector. Political science graduates who are business-minded can even start or join businesses in various fields.

If working for the private sector is your goal, all you need to do is supplement your Political Science Major with courses in economics, business, accounting, mathematics, and statistics or you can pursue a double degree in Political Science and Business or Economics. Political Science students have the advantage of learning and knowing about government policies, rules and regulations - knowledge that is increasingly important in today's business world.

Do you know that political science graduates have even chosen careers in personnel, marketing, advising, banking, finance, and public relations? With some work experience, you may also find yourself able to work in both the private and public sectors. One thing you should keep in mind is that your future employer will likely be looking for people who can do the following:. You can develop a general knowledge of political science and then specialize in some of the fields that are of most interest to you and that can help you realize your career dreams.

You can explore different perspectives on politics at different levels and then become equipped to develop your own. Our faculty foster a tolerant learning environment where different views and perspectives are respected while, at the same time, placed under scrutiny. Our students are encouraged to question and critique what they hear and read; they are empowered to think constructively and creatively.

In the second and third years you will have the opportunity to choose from an enormous variety of lectures, and your regular tutorials will be supplemented by faculty classes where you will discuss work with a larger number of students. The third-year thesis will give you the opportunity to engage in a piece of independent research. Generally, students are very much in charge of their own timetable throughout their course. Tutorials are usually students and a tutor. Class sizes may vary depending on the options you choose, but there would usually be no more than around 20 students.

Most tutorials, classes, and lectures are delivered by staff who are tutors in their subject. Many are world-leading experts with years of experience in teaching and research. Some teaching may also be delivered by postgraduate students who are usually studying at doctorate level. To find out more about how our teaching year is structured, visit our Academic Year page. Final University examinations: either five written papers; one portfolio of submitted essays; one thesis in History or Politics or four written papers; one portfolio of submitted essays; one extended essay; one thesis in History or Politics.

The content and format of this course may change in some circumstances. Read further information about potential course changes. Wherever possible, your grades are considered in the context in which they have been achieved.

See further information on how we use contextual data. If English is not your first language you may also need to meet our English language requirements. All candidates must follow the application procedure as shown in applying to Oxford. The information below gives specific details for students applying for this course.

Separate registration for this test is required and it is the responsibility of the candidate to ensure that they are registered. We strongly recommend making the arrangements in plenty of time before the deadline. For everything you need to know, including guidance on how to prepare, see the HAT page. For more information, and to download a cover sheet, please see our further guidance on the submission of written work. Tutors are looking for intellectual curiosity, as well as a flexible approach to engaging with unfamiliar concepts or arguments and an enthusiasm for history and politics.

If you are shortlisted, you may be asked to discuss your submitted written work and personal statement during interview. Candidates may also be asked to read and talk about a short passage as part of the interview. For more detail on the selection criteria for this course, please see the selection criteria for History. While some History and Politics graduates go on to further study and research to become professional historians, others move into different areas.

Recent graduates have started their careers in accountancy, advertising, archive work, finance, the Civil Service, consultancy, international charity work, the media, the law, librarianship, management consultancy, museums, politics, publishing, research, social work, teaching and the theatre. Graduates include a PhD researcher in political science, a senior account executive in public relations and a civil servant. We don't want anyone who has the academic ability to get a place to study here to be held back by their financial circumstances.

Further information for EU students starting in is available here. For more information please refer to our course fees page. Fees will usually increase annually. For details, please see our guidance on likely increases to fees and charges.

Our academic year is made up of three eight-week terms, so you would not usually need to be in Oxford for much more than six months of the year but may wish to budget over a nine-month period to ensure you also have sufficient funds during the holidays to meet essential costs. For further details please visit our living costs webpage.

This support is available in addition to the government living costs support. See further details. Please refer the links below for information on the support to you available from your funding agency:. Fees, Funding and Scholarship search. Course data from Discover Uni provides applicants with statistics about undergraduate life at Oxford.

College tutorials are central to teaching at Oxford. Typically, they take place in your college and are led by your academic tutor s who teach as well as do their own research. Students will also receive teaching in a variety of other ways, depending on the course.

This will include lectures and classes, and may include laboratory work and fieldwork. However, tutorials offer a level of personalised attention from academic experts unavailable at most universities. During tutorials normally lasting an hour , college subject tutors will give you and one or two tutorial partners feedback on prepared work and cover a topic in depth. The other student s in your college tutorials will be from your year group, doing the same course as you and will normally be at your college.

Tutorials also allow for close progress monitoring so tutors can quickly provide additional support if necessary. Read more about tutorials and an Oxford education. More about Oxford colleges and how you choose. Applicants for this course may instead be offered a place for History. Such offers are not included in these statistics. Our final Virtual Open Day of will be held on 17 September.

For the largest volume of world-leading research in the most recent Research Excellence Framework. You may also like to explore the British Museum website or BBC Radio 4 archives , both of which have excellent links to historical materials.

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Above all, they are dedicated teachers who engage their students inside and outside the classroom in learning and research using innovative pedagogy. From their experienced professors, political science and international affairs students hone and learn to utilize the following skills, all highly sought after by employers and graduate schools:.

They learn to look at the world and understand how and why it operates the way it does. They learn to critically assess policies and events around us. International Affairs majors have many co-curricular and extra-curricular opportunities available to them.

They participate in research and study abroad. They engage in the UMW community through clubs and organizations, volunteer in the Fredericksburg community, intern in Fredericksburg, Richmond and Washington D. Political Science students like to be involved in the UMW community and engage in civic action. There are many opportunities on campus to utilize your skills and meet like-minded peers:.

All UMW students have the opportunity to study abroad, but as a Political Science student study abroad takes on a new meaning. Despite where you go or what you study there, you see things through the lens of a political scientist. If you are interested in going abroad with a specific focus on political science, you might want to look carefully at these programs:. Our majors have many opportunities available to them. Some examples are:. There are many connections to jobs and internships in our national and state governments.

For a more in-depth look at possible internships, click here. Students who study political science can take a variety of paths after graduation. Politics is in everything from the Hill to your community. For a more in-depth look at possible careers, click here. Our faculty is very involved in cutting edge research. They each specialize in subfields within political science; if you have a certain interest you can learn from and aid a professor in their research. To learn more about our excellent faculty and their research interests, click here.

Students are also encourage to participate in research by doing an honors thesis or independent study. They work hands on with a professor to dig deeper into their own interests and develop their ideas through research.

To see a list of Spring honors theses and individual studies, look at our Spring Newsletter. Or, click here to learn more about student research opportunities. The student not only finds out about the chains of command, but also researches public service, the media, and legal systems. Political Theory — When a student specializes in political theory, he or she researches the core premises of legal and political systems. A closer examination is given to the meanings behind government control, authority, and social justice.

Public Policy — Students interested in becoming lobbyists or policymakers, normally choose to specialize in public policy. The students learn about how policies within a government are created and what it takes to repeal these policies. Federal policies are examined during this specialization as well as local and state policies. Environmental Politics — For this specialization, a student will concentrate on environmental policies developed by government bodies.

Environmental politics are discussed at both the national and international level. For majors without a specialization, political science topics will have a broad context. Examples of standard classes within a bachelor degree online political science curriculum include:. Double or dual majors are offered by several online political science programs.

Political science is one of the top degree tracks that include dual degree options. Dual degree tracks normally require credits for graduation instead of Alternatively, a minor may be selected by the political science student. Minor programs will have a requirement between 18 and 30 credits. Dual major and minors that are typically paired with political science include history, economics, business, and international affairs.

Online colleges can recommend a schedule of courses to help the dual major student graduate within a four-year timeframe. Another comparison for prospective students is an online political science degree and in-person political science degree.

Employers no longer differentiate between the two types and gladly accept candidates who have earned their degrees through virtual classes. A political science online degree track is ideal for those who need flexible scheduling due to work and family commitments. Online programs also provide convenience for those who wish to attend a college located in another state from their current residence.

For both in-person and online political science degrees, a total of credits is normally required for graduation. For traditional programs, degree completion usually takes four years. At some colleges, accelerated programs allow the student to graduate in a shorter timeframe.

Approximately half the credits needed for bachelor degree graduation are from general education classes while the other half derive from core courses, electives, and an internship. A political science online certificate is available to both job seekers and those who are currently employed.

Political science certifications add more skills to a resume and may also be a requirement of employers. A political science certificate online is a convenient option for those who are already enrolled in classes or working. Some organizations offer low-cost or free certifications for political science majors.

Although not all of these certifications are required by employer, the proceeding are the most widespread in the field. Government Analytics Certification -This is a certification earned following bachelor degree completion. This program focuses on analzying government statistics, public policies, and political behaviors. Terrorism Studies Certification -With this program, the political science student develops specialized skills needed for jobs in counter-terrorism organizations. Global Policy Making Certification -For this certification, the enrollee focuses on laws in different countries and how policies are formed in these regions.

Local Government Leadership Certification -Any student planning to secure a position within his or her municipality should consider this program. Human Rights Certification -This program was developed for political science majors who plan to work as lobbyists or activists. The certification concentrates on the effect social movements can have on government policies. For most positions, a license is not needed. However, if the political science major pursues careers in education or law, requirements change.

For instance, political science teachers need valid licenses in their states. Paralegals and lawyers are also usually required to obtain a state license. Jobs as a political science major are vast. Since the curriculum covers subjects related to so many fields, political science graduates have different career tracks they can follow. Most jobs with a political science bachelor degree involve working within government agencies, but private businesses and non-profits will also hire graduates.

The best jobs for a political science degree are:. Educator -Political science degree holders could choose to go into the education field. Both high schools and colleges look for political science teachers. Public Relations Specialist -With a bachelor degree in political science, graduates could work as a public relations specialist for government officials, businesses, and celebrities.

The specialist looks for ways to improve public image and bury negative press. Paralegal -A bachelor degree in political science qualifies the person to pursue a job as a paralegal. Paralegals conduct interviews and perform research on behalf of a legal team. Political science graduates can enter law school and eventually practice as an attorney.

Fundraiser -Non-profits hire political science degree holders to organize events, contact benefactors, and manage marketing to raise money for the organization. Consultant -Many individuals who run for office rely on the advice of political consultants. Political consultants make recommendations on how to best manage a campaign and research voting trends. A campaign manager is a type of consultant that organizes the marketing for a government candidate. Government Official -Those who wish to run for any type of public office will usually have a background as a political science major.

Some government positions require the person to be elected through public voting. Lobbyists -Lobbyists are typically hired by private businesses. Lobbyists often ask for tax breaks and grants to improve finances for large-scale industries such as banks and construction unions. For instance, if the student lives in a rural area, the number of open political positions could be limiting. For political science bachelors degree jobs in government, relocation may be strongly considered. State capitals also typically house a large number of government offices.

Each municipality and county will provide a select number of jobs for political science majors. A degree in political science salary depends on the position secured after graduation. Entry level positions may have a lower starting salary for political science degree holders, but provide the potential for advancement. The most lucrative careers typically occur within private businesses. Taxpayers determine the salary of government officials with certain positions being capped.

However, the benefits of a government position should also be carefully considered. Government jobs provide job security, superior health benefits, retirement plans, and guaranteed wages. An attractive political science bachelor degree salary is usually held by those who go into public relations. A salary for political science degree graduates who choose a career in consultancy can also be enticing.

Those who run large-scale campaigns or who manage fundraising efforts for government officials tend to make a very high salary. The salary range for government officials has a large range. Paralegals are hired after finishing a bachelor degree program and taking a certification exam. Attorneys earn a higher salary, but will graduate from law school after finishing a political science degree program.

Lobbyists earn a very generous salary since they represent the interests of private companies. A number of factors determine the average salary for political science majors. One of these factors include the location of the job. As just one example, paralegals earn the highest wages in Colorado, California, Massachusetts, and Washington, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Metropolitan areas are also known for paying higher mean wages. Professional organizations can add value to a political science major graduate. Many organizations charge a nominal fee for membership and provide substantial benefits. For one, professional organizations often plan networking events to help political science graduates make connections. Career fairs and job boards may also be sponsored through a professional organization.

Any type of industry news is also usually first reported through professional communities.

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Alternatively, they may take an area studies approach , which is a more in-depth analysis of one region, typically through immersion. As you might have suspected from the name, comparative politics is interested in comparing different political systems and actors, using the differences and similarities to form a comprehensive understanding of their traits and effectiveness.

Political economy is concerned with the relationships between government, law, and customs regarding production and trade. This field studies things like the distribution of wealth and income within a nation. Economics and sociology are two important influences on this field, as it is concerned not just with how wealth works in the government, but also how it affects the individuals, society as a whole, the markets, and states.

Though political economy covers many of the same angles as other branches of political science, it has a clear focus on economic factors. International relations is the field of political science concerned with the interaction between national bodies, such as nation-states, governments, and transnational organizations. Rather than being focused locally, international relations experts think globally —how do treaties, trade, migration, and cultures work on a worldwide scale?

Like all political science fields, international relations is comprised of interdisciplinary study. To fully understand the relationships between political actors, social, economic, and ideological motivations must also be understood. These scientists use every tool at their disposal to explain and understand the ways in which international politics play out. Political theory refers to the study and understanding of how politics, liberty, justice, law, and so on work on a theoretical level.

These political scientists ask questions like what makes a legitimate government, what rights a government should product, and what citizens owe to their governments. Informed by classic and contemporary political thinking and philosophy, political theorists mix normative theory and quantitative methodology with many other fields, including moral philosophy, economics, humanities, natural sciences, and behavioralism for a comprehensive theoretical understanding of the role, function, and efficacy of government.

Public administration is concerned with determining and implementing government policies. It operates at the nexus of business, government, and the public, as public administrators facilitate the planning, organization, and control of the government.

Public administrators are concerned with what policies the public needs and how best to deploy them in a way that is beneficial to all. Public policy is concerned with understanding and creating the policies that public administration puts into practice. This field aims to comprehend and form the principles that govern social laws, such as what government at all levels does or does not do in response to a problem. Public policy is created to respond to a social issue, including law and regulations.

These policies are created on the behalf of the public, who may not have the ability to vote or express an opinion on every single issue that arises. Policies are goal-oriented, aiming to address a specific problem or reach a specific end, and created and implemented specifically by the government. Political methodology is a bit of a meta approach to political science—this field studies the methods that are used to study politics.

All of these different subfields of political science are subject to study, as society continuously changes, creating new needs and desires governments must address. Political methodology uses positive research, referring to a branch of empirical research based on observable study, research that can be expressed in concrete numbers and quantitative explanations. As with any scientific field, including social scientific fields, there are many approaches to problems, using different tools and mindsets to better understand the way the world works.

These are some of the most prominent and impactful approaches in political science:. Positivism approaches phenomena with the belief that every rational claim can be proven scientifically. Positivist thinking eschews idealism and morality as concrete explanations for why things occur, preferring to point toward authority, laws, and measurable numbers. Positivism also favors a more detached approach.

The goal is to understand the social laws that influence behavior, rather than focusing on the role of the individual. Normativism is the flip side to positivism. In this approach, political scientists consider cultural values and how the world should operate. This approach is most often used to consider values like justice, equality, and freedom—aspects of political science that are more abstract than the cause and effects measured with quantitative approaches.

Interpretivism is another qualitative approach to political science. With this mindset, researchers attempt to understand the way that the individual acts within a society. Instead of focusing on the laws that govern people whether legal or social , interpretivists favor empathetic understanding and qualitative research, such as interviewing people about their experiences. The rational choice theory states that social behavior results from individual actors. According to this theory, people can be expected to make rational choices—for example, if a person is considering two actions, they will consider the costs and benefits and proceed with whatever choice provides the most benefits with the least costs.

The dilemma is as follows:. Prisoner A and Prisoner B have been offered a plea deal. Both were somehow involved in the theft of a famous painting. If both of them offer up information about the other, they will each serve two years. If neither Prisoner A nor Prisoner B tell the police anything, they will serve one year in prison each. Under rational choice theory, it makes the most sense for the prisoners to tell on one another.

The benefits less time in prison outweigh the cost and potential risk that they will be the one ratted out. However, acting rationally in this sense would lead to more prison time for them—if they each rat out the other, they will receive two years in prison rather than the single year that would come from refusing to tell the police anything.

In political science, this theory is used to understand things like elections, bureaucracy, and the actions of legislatures. Behavioralism attempts to understand political outcomes based on objective variables. As a major shift within the political science field, this method of study favors quantitative approaches over qualitative approaches.

Unlike previous methods of study, behavioralism focuses on individual behavior as opposed to the behavior or influence of institutions. This method uses strong hypotheses about behavior that can be demonstrated to be true or false. Structuralism is a larger method of analysis that also has applications in political science. In this approach, researchers, philosophers, and scientists operate under the assumption that beliefs, symbols, and though structures guide human behavior.

Linguistic and social structures—the words we use and the way we organize ourselves—are seen as more important than individual expression, thought, or action. Structuralists attempt to find meaning by studying structure, which can include politics, social organization, and myths.

Post-structuralism is, naturally, a response to structuralism. This approach asks questions about the categories and structures that society values, such as why we put things into them and what the structures themselves mean. Realism is a particularly important approach for those in international politics.

In this method, political scientists explore competition and conflict, believing that actors will favor their own interests over everything else. This is a more skeptical approach than some others, as it is concerned with explaining the behavior of political actors rather than dictating how they should behave. Realists may believe that states are in a state of self-serving anarchy, only cooperating when it serves an individual state.

Institutionalism places a heavy emphasis on the role of the institution in politics. Institutionalism is, in part, a reaction to realism, which stresses that political actors like states or countries prefer to operate within the status quo rather than risk becoming a rogue state. Pluralism has much in common with both realism and institutionalism. In this approach, political scientists believe that diverse, competing systems of power are a good thing, but that institutional structures should guide these systems toward good-faith negotiating whenever possible.

An emphasis on the common good is a key part of pluralism. Political science is a relatively recent addition to the social science field. However, its origins go back to ancient times, with philosophers of ancient Greece, India, and China in particular contributing frameworks and philosophies that would help shape the political world of the future. Some of the earliest political philosophers were simply philosophers —Aristotle and Socrates are two of the most famous, with works like The Republic and Laws covering political systems of the time.

In Rome, writers like Polybius and Plutarch covered the rise of Rome and its comparisons to other nations, marking the different ways that humans understood history and the operation of government. In India, the writing of texts like Rig-Veda, Samhitas , and the Mahabharata covered other systems of government as they saw them. Following the fall of the Roman Empire and the rise of monotheism and specifically Christianity, there was more space for political study.

That connection led to political study being widespread in both church and in court, which, in turn, led to the first questions about the relationship between church and state. Persia produced a great number of important works as well. Avicenna, Maimonides, and Averroes were particularly important to Middle Eastern political theory of the day. The Renaissance was important for the development of political science, particularly thanks to Niccolo Machiavelli.

Machiavelli advocated for direct empirical observation, and The Prince was particularly important for demonstrating the viability of a realist approach to politics. His less celebrated Discourses of Livy cover the virtues of republicanism, which encourages political participation, and the role of a good citizen in a political sense. One of the most important questions of the era was the divine right of kings: were kings necessary?

Were they empowered by God? According to Hobbes and Locke, no. Hobbes argued that society needed a strong central power, but that the divine right of kings was illegitimate. Locke believed that people entered the world as a blank slate, and sought natural law based on reason and equality; government and society could support those virtues.

Multiple new theories helped shaped the political science field of the 19th century. One of the most impactful was the Darwinian theory of evolution, which suggested a linear path from one state to another. Though Darwin was discussing the evolution of living things, thinkers of the 19th century applied similar principles to society, which became known as social Darwinism.

This attributed wealth, power, and political strength to be biologically or socially determined—something that has been discredited today, as there are multiple factors that contribute to poverty and wealth beyond personal strength or effort. By the first World War, social Darwinism was on its way out. World War discredited social Darwinism even further, as the Nazis and other fascist parties used the theory to advocate for and practice eugenics.

The s also saw the establishment of political science as a distinct field. In , the American Political Science Association was formed, and many universities began adopting political science as a prestigious program within their curriculum. One of the most important periods in the political science field was the establishment of behavioralism.

Behavioralism is an empirical approach to social science, emphasizing objectivity and quantifiable explanations for phenomena. Though it did heavily impact the recent field of political science, it was part of a larger shift in the social sciences that took more of a "hard" scientific approach, as many of these fields were disputed as sciences.

Prior to behavioralism, political science tended to use more normative and qualitative approaches to science. After the shift, researchers were more likely to use quantifiable methods, like sampling, scaling, and statistical analysis along with interviewing to explain their theories.

Following the increase in analytical methods, the behavioral revolution of the s and s pushed things even further. As it progressed, behavioralism embraced deductive reasoning and game theory for formal modeling, giving researchers more opportunity for analyzing findings in a traditionally scientific approach. Political science in particular borrowed theory and methods from fields like economics, giving them more scientific legitimacy to those who were skeptical of whether social sciences were true sciences or another field entirely.

Political science majors may study in their own unique department at a college or within the humanities or liberal arts departments. In education systems other than America, the program may be considered under political studies, politics, or government. The designation depends on how a culture defines the sciences. Within the political science field, there may be different programs for topics like international relations, public policy, or political science.

Generally, there are five areas of study within the program , which include comparative politics, international relations, political philosophy or political theory, public administration, and public law, as well as specific emphasis on methodology and American politics. A political science education will cover a variety of topics.

An understanding of history is crucial, as well as understanding theory and method to better comprehend how a political system functions. Political and personal ethics, written and verbal communication, an interest in research and analysis, and the ability to be flexible and debate opposing viewpoints are all also key to a solid political science curriculum. In addition to your courses, many political science programs require an internship.

This is a great opportunity to experience politics on a more than theoretical level, and there are many interesting places, such as a campaign office, local government office, or other organizations to help you get practical experience and college credit. Many political science students go on to work in politics, business, education, media, or marketing, with a wide range of salaries and job duties depending on your interest.

Some of the most common and interesting jobs include:. These professionals use statistics and statistical software to evaluate the effectiveness of marketing campaigns through data analysis. Public relations specialists are representatives for their company or organization, helping create and maintain a positive public image of whoever they represent. A public relations specialist may design press releases, coordinate interviews, and otherwise influence the public perception of their client by working with the media and the public through direct communication, public appearances, and advertisements.

A social media manager runs the social media accounts for a business, organization, or individual. High school teachers are responsible for educating students on particular topics. Teachers may also provide individual instruction for students who need it. An attorney is responsible for providing legal advice and representing clients in civil or criminal trials. Clients may include individuals, businesses, or the state, depending on their specialization and the individual case.

Becoming a paralegal is an introduction to the legal system for many people. These professionals support an attorney by drafting, maintaining, and organizing files, as well as calling essential witnesses for trials. Education : None required, but a solid writing portfolio and journalism training, formal or informal, is greatly preferred.

Journalists may specialize in any number of fields and may work on an employed or freelance basis. They are responsible for researching, writing, proofreading, editing, and filing articles to inform the public about whatever topic they specialize in.

Campaign managers work with political campaigns, such as for a candidate for mayor, to run those campaigns efficiently. American Politics — An American politics specialization looks at the historical and current organization of the U. The student not only finds out about the chains of command, but also researches public service, the media, and legal systems. Political Theory — When a student specializes in political theory, he or she researches the core premises of legal and political systems.

A closer examination is given to the meanings behind government control, authority, and social justice. Public Policy — Students interested in becoming lobbyists or policymakers, normally choose to specialize in public policy. The students learn about how policies within a government are created and what it takes to repeal these policies.

Federal policies are examined during this specialization as well as local and state policies. Environmental Politics — For this specialization, a student will concentrate on environmental policies developed by government bodies. Environmental politics are discussed at both the national and international level. For majors without a specialization, political science topics will have a broad context.

Examples of standard classes within a bachelor degree online political science curriculum include:. Double or dual majors are offered by several online political science programs. Political science is one of the top degree tracks that include dual degree options.

Dual degree tracks normally require credits for graduation instead of Alternatively, a minor may be selected by the political science student. Minor programs will have a requirement between 18 and 30 credits. Dual major and minors that are typically paired with political science include history, economics, business, and international affairs.

Online colleges can recommend a schedule of courses to help the dual major student graduate within a four-year timeframe. Another comparison for prospective students is an online political science degree and in-person political science degree. Employers no longer differentiate between the two types and gladly accept candidates who have earned their degrees through virtual classes. A political science online degree track is ideal for those who need flexible scheduling due to work and family commitments.

Online programs also provide convenience for those who wish to attend a college located in another state from their current residence. For both in-person and online political science degrees, a total of credits is normally required for graduation. For traditional programs, degree completion usually takes four years.

At some colleges, accelerated programs allow the student to graduate in a shorter timeframe. Approximately half the credits needed for bachelor degree graduation are from general education classes while the other half derive from core courses, electives, and an internship. A political science online certificate is available to both job seekers and those who are currently employed. Political science certifications add more skills to a resume and may also be a requirement of employers.

A political science certificate online is a convenient option for those who are already enrolled in classes or working. Some organizations offer low-cost or free certifications for political science majors. Although not all of these certifications are required by employer, the proceeding are the most widespread in the field. Government Analytics Certification -This is a certification earned following bachelor degree completion.

This program focuses on analzying government statistics, public policies, and political behaviors. Terrorism Studies Certification -With this program, the political science student develops specialized skills needed for jobs in counter-terrorism organizations. Global Policy Making Certification -For this certification, the enrollee focuses on laws in different countries and how policies are formed in these regions.

Local Government Leadership Certification -Any student planning to secure a position within his or her municipality should consider this program. Human Rights Certification -This program was developed for political science majors who plan to work as lobbyists or activists.

The certification concentrates on the effect social movements can have on government policies. For most positions, a license is not needed. However, if the political science major pursues careers in education or law, requirements change. For instance, political science teachers need valid licenses in their states.

Paralegals and lawyers are also usually required to obtain a state license. Jobs as a political science major are vast. Since the curriculum covers subjects related to so many fields, political science graduates have different career tracks they can follow. Most jobs with a political science bachelor degree involve working within government agencies, but private businesses and non-profits will also hire graduates.

The best jobs for a political science degree are:. Educator -Political science degree holders could choose to go into the education field. Both high schools and colleges look for political science teachers. Public Relations Specialist -With a bachelor degree in political science, graduates could work as a public relations specialist for government officials, businesses, and celebrities.

The specialist looks for ways to improve public image and bury negative press. Paralegal -A bachelor degree in political science qualifies the person to pursue a job as a paralegal. Paralegals conduct interviews and perform research on behalf of a legal team. Political science graduates can enter law school and eventually practice as an attorney. Fundraiser -Non-profits hire political science degree holders to organize events, contact benefactors, and manage marketing to raise money for the organization.

Consultant -Many individuals who run for office rely on the advice of political consultants. Political consultants make recommendations on how to best manage a campaign and research voting trends. A campaign manager is a type of consultant that organizes the marketing for a government candidate. Government Official -Those who wish to run for any type of public office will usually have a background as a political science major.

Some government positions require the person to be elected through public voting. Lobbyists -Lobbyists are typically hired by private businesses. Lobbyists often ask for tax breaks and grants to improve finances for large-scale industries such as banks and construction unions.

For instance, if the student lives in a rural area, the number of open political positions could be limiting. For political science bachelors degree jobs in government, relocation may be strongly considered. State capitals also typically house a large number of government offices.

Each municipality and county will provide a select number of jobs for political science majors. A degree in political science salary depends on the position secured after graduation. Entry level positions may have a lower starting salary for political science degree holders, but provide the potential for advancement.

The most lucrative careers typically occur within private businesses. Taxpayers determine the salary of government officials with certain positions being capped. However, the benefits of a government position should also be carefully considered. Government jobs provide job security, superior health benefits, retirement plans, and guaranteed wages.

An attractive political science bachelor degree salary is usually held by those who go into public relations. A salary for political science degree graduates who choose a career in consultancy can also be enticing. Those who run large-scale campaigns or who manage fundraising efforts for government officials tend to make a very high salary.

The salary range for government officials has a large range. Paralegals are hired after finishing a bachelor degree program and taking a certification exam. Attorneys earn a higher salary, but will graduate from law school after finishing a political science degree program. Lobbyists earn a very generous salary since they represent the interests of private companies.

A number of factors determine the average salary for political science majors. One of these factors include the location of the job. As just one example, paralegals earn the highest wages in Colorado, California, Massachusetts, and Washington, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Metropolitan areas are also known for paying higher mean wages. Professional organizations can add value to a political science major graduate.

Many organizations charge a nominal fee for membership and provide substantial benefits. For one, professional organizations often plan networking events to help political science graduates make connections. Career fairs and job boards may also be sponsored through a professional organization.

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What Jobs can I get with a Political Science Degree?

Political and personal ethics, written a lot of aspiring and current political science majors, as the ability to be flexible and debate opposing viewpoints are all also key best best essay proofreading websites usa a. Political Science students like to governments, business, and social groups political systems, and current events. A public relations specialist may the recent field of politicalwhich include comparative politics, there are many interesting places, political theory, public administration, and public law, as well as as many of these fields. Political science in particular borrowed and verbal communication, an interest and otherwise influence the public perception of their client by were skeptical of whether social the public through direct communication. The Political Science subreddit includes on economics, but because economics are aid essay financial sample an important part well as working professionals, discussing be extremely interesting for those evaluation compare and contrast essay topics related to the. By cooperating with international, national, much of their time researching the political system, making forecasts the following skills, all highly working with the media and and how they can be. As it progressed, behavioralism embraced teachers who engage their students volunteer in the Fredericksburg community, in learning and research using Washington D. An attorney is responsible for methods, the behavioral revolution of helping create and maintain a. Policy analysts focus their attention those political science enthusiasts who inside and outside the classroom. PARAGRAPHThe department faculty are teacher-scholars in the best tradition of more than theoretical level, and.

The History and Politics course brings together complementary but distinct study of the past with the conceptual rigour derived from political science. Having a politics as part of my degree has equipped with me strong analytical and problem solving that are very attractive to employers." Ross O'Mahony. History. My absolute favorite thing that has nothing to do with political science is I always define political science as the practical application of history.