Aristotle was a Greek Philosopher and a very educated man. He was a pupil of Plato's and was the founder of the Lyceum. His view on all subjects was teleological. He recognized purposes apart from and greater then the will of the individual human being. He gained much of his wisdom and knowledge through his experiences and observations. Aristotle believed that human happiness was the reaction of fulfilling human potentialities.
These potentialities can be identified by rational choice, practical judgment, and recognition of the value of choosing the mean instead of extremes. In his view, matter existed to achieve an end and it developed until it achieved its form. There was constant development from matter to form, from potential to actual. Therefore human primitive instincts could be seen as the matter out of which the human's potential as a political being could be realized.
Aristotle argued that the polis was a natural growth and that human beings was by nature "an animal who lives in a polis. He believed that the purpose of the polis was moral. According to Aristotle, "The end of the state is the good life and for the life lived a life of virtue and morality. Humans have the free right and ability to distinguish good from evil and right from wrong.
Proceed if you agree to this policy or learn more about it. Type of paper: Essay. Tragedy is imitation of action, not men, as it requires a display of character and thought. He states that character is defined by whether they are happy or not and therefore comes second to action.
Tragedy is structured by plot, character, thought and diction in that order of importance. The true power of tragedy is felt without need for actors. Plot must be made up of a whole beginning, middle and end in order to be truly palpable with regards to tragedy. If it is whole, it provides the degree of magnitude required for tragedy. Equally, beauty also relies upon magnitude and order and must be just right for it to be enjoyed — like a poem.
Tragedy must be just the right length in order for it to be truly felt and enjoyed. It is plot before character as if a character is removed, it disturbs the whole story. The poet must demonstrate an understanding of what could potentially happen as opposed to what has happened. He states that the work of the poet and the historian differ and not only in style, but in substance.
However, tragedies must stick to the facts in order to better assert their tragic nature. The poet must be the creator of plots as he deals in actions. Tragedy is an imitation of events which create fear and pity. A simple plot is where a change of fortune takes place without any reversal of situations or recognition — it just happens naturally.
Reversal of situation is where the plot switches direction from where the audience were expecting it to go. These are most effective when they happen together. Also, the Scene of Suffering is another aspect of plot and is where some form of extreme suffering is presented — death, for example. Perfect tragedy should be a complex plot, not simple due to intricacies.
Tragedy must not present a good man as having fallen from grace as this only ever shocks us and, equally, so does a bad man seeing his situation improve. The tragic character must then be somewhere between the two states whose downfall is due to an error in judgement rather than through bad behaviour.
In this manner, the effect is far more artistic than by means of spectacle. These types of actions must take place between friends to gain the greatest level of tragedy as, between enemies or people who are indifferent to one another, these actions only ever gain pity.
A character must always be presented as acting in the most probable way and their actions must not demonstrate anything irrational. We accept sample papers from students via the submission form. If this essay belongs to you and you no longer want us to display it, you can put a claim on it and we will remove it.
Just fill out the removal request form with all necessary details, such as page location and some verification of you being a true owner. Please note that we cannot guarantee that unsubstantiated claims will be satisfied. Note: this sample is kindly provided by a student like you, use it only as a guidance. ID Password recovery email has been sent to email email.
Type of Paper. Essay Topics. Educational Tools. Chapter 7 Plot must be made up of a whole beginning, middle and end in order to be truly palpable with regards to tragedy. Chapter 9 The poet must demonstrate an understanding of what could potentially happen as opposed to what has happened. Chapter 10 A simple plot is where a change of fortune takes place without any reversal of situations or recognition — it just happens naturally. Chapter 11 Reversal of situation is where the plot switches direction from where the audience were expecting it to go.
Chapter 13 Perfect tragedy should be a complex plot, not simple due to intricacies. Accessed 23 July Aristotle's Poetics Essay Examples. December