Annotated bibliographies are lists of sources, with a brief description of the source below each item. Basically, it is a references list with a descriptive paragraph below each citation. Citation: This should be the full APA citation for the resource. It should look identical to citations found in a references list at the end of a paper. Each citation should be alphabetical order. Annotation: This is a short paragraph or two , describing, analyzing, and critiquing each resource.
The annotation goes directly below the citation. The annotation should be more in-depth than just a summary. There should be an analysis of the resource that goes along with the description. The annotations shouldn't just describe what the source is about, but also how it adds evidence to your specific research question. What is unique about the information presented in this source that will help build an argument? There should also be an evaluative description of the resource that discusses the appropriateness of the resource.
It should answer questions like currency, author credibility, suitability of source type, types of evidence presented, and source objectivity. Criminal Justice Sciences. However, Battle relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography. He could make this work stronger by drawing from the perspectives of others' analyses. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents.
This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada. Kerr, D. Child poverty and family structure in Canada, Journal of Comparative Family Studies , 34 3 , Sociology professors Kerr and Beaujot analyze the demographics of impoverished families. They analyze child poverty rates in light of these demographic factors, as well as larger. Search this Guide Search. Criminal Justice: What is an Annotated Bibliography?
What is an Annotated Bibliography? Some annotations are merely descriptive , summarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and arguments. Many annotations evaluate the quality of scholarship in a book or article. You might want to consider the logic of authors' arguments, and the quality of their evidence. Your findings can be positive, negative, or mixed. Your professor might also want you to explain why the source is relevant to your assignment.
CRJ Annotated Bibliography: Find four to five scholarly sources relevant to your topic Read and evaluate each resource Create your bibliography of References For each citation, write a brief analytical summary which may include: How does this resource support your topic?
Intended audience of resource Compare or contrast with your other resources Evaluate the author More Help on Annotated Bibliographies:. Includes examples and a sample annotated bibliography. Citing court cases in APA style Online research guide on how to cite government documents.
From the Cornell University Library. Also provides help with grammar and punctuation. From the University of Wisconsin-Madison. APA Exposed: Online Tutorial You can view the entire tutorial or go to a specific portion to answer your current need. Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style Use this list of common questions about references, punctuation, grammar, and style to get official answers directly from the American Psychological Association itself.
For help with specific citation examples, use one of the other sites. Need Help? Contact a Librarian Chat with us! How to Search for Scholarly Articles. Example keywords to search: school to prison pipeline mental health Before looking at your results, login to your library account with your WCU email address and password top right corner.
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On a basic level, biology is the study of life while on a more advanced level, it includes more sensitive and research-based topics. Below are biology annotated bibliography examples that you can use to learn more about it:. Fullard, D. The article does not describe specific outcomes or how program successes were measured and evaluated. Kletou, D.
A lionfish Pterois miles invasion has begun in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records 9 The study concludes that the growth of the lionfish population can be controlled by encouraging commercial fishermen and divers to capture the lionfish to be sold on the market.
While the article provides data and graphs that forecast the decline of the lionfish with a commercial fishing intervention, the methodology is incomplete. The researchers do not fully explain how they obtained these results. The article does not address external factors that may derail the fishing plan proposed by the authors; for example, the researchers do not consider the population growth rate of the lionfish or how aggressive the fishing rate needs to be to control the population in a timely manner.
Although the introduction is helpful in providing a framework for why the lionfish invasion is a concerning issue, the discussion lacks depth in addressing other issues that may arise. To help you have a clear idea of what we are talking about, we have compiled a list of topics below. Social work involves subjects and topics related to social issues like the ones given in the below list.
All of these issues are based on common and serious social issues related to women, children, society, and hidden issues that people usually ignore or don't know about. To give you a clear idea of how to write a social work annotated bibliography, we have added a sample annotated bibliography below:. Strier, R. International Journal of Social Welfare 18 3 , This article is an analytic piece.
Strier outlines the conceptual history of social work. Strier posits that class remains critically important to effective social work for two primary reasons. First, social work as a profession continues to focus on the poor. Class differences lie at the heart of the profession. Second, neoliberal ideology and perspectives represent middle-class values and norms. Therefore, social workers cannot address social justice. They become complicit in implementing policies and programs that exacerbate social injustice and poverty.
For example, she cites the contributions of Weber and Bourdieu in developing the concept of class. She emphasizes how individuals experience class and how it affects self-esteem and self-confidence, ideas that Marx never raised. She discusses the economic, social, psychological, and symbolic dimensions of class, whereas Marx saw class as an economic phenomenon. However, she does not abandon the Marxian idea that class is deeply embedded in the economic structure of society.
Her discussions of the different views of the role of social work reflect key issues that Marx addressed. She makes a strong contrast between this view of the profession and the alternative that social work should address social inequality and injustice and promote liberation from oppression. Great communication is essential for a great and successful business and personal relationships. It is a single solution to many problems and this is why businesses invest so much in their communications management strategies.
Businesses and companies use multiple channels to leverage their communications channels and connect with their consumers. The following communications annotated bibliography example will help you format and write your annotated bibliography easily:.
Speech on Politeness Theory Ebert, L. Affectionate expressions as fact-threatening acts: Receiver assessments. Communication Studies, 55, Results indicated that direct affectionate messages were the most supportive of the positive face and also the most threatening to negative face, while indirect messages supported positive face and threatened negative face the least. The implications of these findings both for affection research and for politeness theory are discussed.
This source will beneficial to me for this speech. It comes from a reputable source that is peer-reviewed and provides some important definitions that will be good background information for my speech on the theory. However, it is meant to be an academic source, so I will need to adapt the information to suit my audience. Business and communications students often get essays and papers related to how to manage and make use of different communication channels.
Below, we have added some of those topics:. Feminism is one of the most popular topics and themes of the present world. Other than the students of gender studies and social sciences, students related to other fields of studies also. Feminism is a broad topic and preparing an annotated bibliography about it could be time-consuming.
Below is a sample annotated bibliography for a feminist topic:. Craig, R. The effect of daypart on gender portrayals in television commercials: a content analysis. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 26 , Gender portrayals in 2, network television commercials from were content analyzed. To compare the differences between three-day parts, the sample was chosen from three time periods: daytime, evening prime time, and weekend afternoon sportscasts.
The gender of the characters, their roles, the product advertised, setting, and the gender of the primary narrator was noted. The results indicate large and consistent differences in the way men and women are portrayed in these three dayparts, with almost all comparisons reaching significance at the. Although ads in all dayparts tended to portray men in stereotypical roles of authority and dominance, those on weekends tended to emphasize escape from home and family.
The findings of earlier studies that did not consider day part differences may now have to be reevaluated for they may have either overestimated or underestimated certain types of gender differences. Esherick, J.
This scholarly journal article provides an uncommon interpretation of the events of April-June, in Beijing. The authors are history professors at American universities with recent firsthand experience in China. They base their article on research, personal observation, and the written and pictorial records of events. Their stated goal is to create a framework in which to interpret the events that will place them within the context of Chinese political history and permit comparison with recent similar events in Eastern Europe.
The conclusion drawn is that the events of April-June, , in Beijing were not related to Western participatory democracy but rather to traditional Chinese forms and ideas and are characterized as political theater. As such, they are full of symbols and scripts with unique Chinese historical bases. When choosing a topic related to them, the student must make sure that the topic is relevant to the respective subject.
To give you an idea of the kind of topics that make an ideal; essay or paper topic, we have added some topics below:. Animal testing is a common and well-known phenomenon in the research world. Medical fields use animals for various testing purposes.
However, whether animal testing is legal and ethical or not is still a point of debate for many. The below animal testing annotated bibliography will help you write your annotated bibliography successfully:. Day, Nancy. Animal Experimentation: Cruelty or Science? Hillside, N. Nancy Day discusses the two different viewpoints of the widely debated topic of animal testing and thoroughly talks about the consequences of animal testing and experimentation and also the benefits we gain and build upon.
Meant for anyone, aware of this debate or not, she clears the fact this issue has been exaggerated and is indeed affecting our daily lives every day. This book has the main purpose of giving the reader some information about what is going on so that they can decide for themselves which side in this heated controversy to take.
This two-sided argumentative source gives a different twist and engages the reader to an eternal battle while the other sources are very one-sided and directly addressing the strong disagreement toward animal testing. Before reading this book I would immediately accuse the animal experimenters of such unnecessary cruelty and mistreatment but after some thorough investigating, I discovered that there are some benefits for animal testing and some even have even helped advance medical treatment immensely.
This book also helped me get a good understanding of the perspective the other side supports and made it easier for me to counter their motives. Psychology is the study of the mind and how the mind works in different situations. Below is an example of a psychology annotated bibliography:.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. New York: Henry Holt and Company, In this book of nonfiction based on the journalist's experiential research, Ehrenreich attempts to ascertain whether it is currently possible for an individual to live on minimum wage in America. Taking jobs as a waitress, a maid in a cleaning service, and a Wal-Mart sales employee, the author summarizes and reflects on her work, her relationships with fellow workers, and her financial struggles in each situation.
An experienced journalist, Ehrenreich is aware of the limitations of her experiment and the ethical implications of her experiential research tactics and reflects on these issues in the text. The author is forthcoming about her methods and supplements her experiences with scholarly research on her places of employment, the economy, and the rising cost of living in America.
Ehrenreich's project is timely, descriptive, and well-researched. Kotrla, Kimberly. Academic Search Premier. This article is about the sex trafficking of children and young adults. It is more commonly now being called "domestic minor sex trafficking.
The author discusses victims, the supply and demand of domestic minor sex tracking, how different countries tolerate it, help provided to survivors, and what this type of trafficking is. This evidence is credible because it comes from social workers who work for the government. The goal of this source is to explain to people what domestic minor sex trafficking is, who is at risk, and what social workers can do to stop this problem.
It also brings up the human trafficking in the United States. She was a social worker for 10 years and does a lot of research about human trafficking. She gives most of her attention to the sexual exploitation of children in America. Kotrla is also on the human trafficking prevention task force committee. The audience of this article is most likely parents of young children and social workers. Published in , it is fairly current. I felt that this source was an easy read, but written for a mature and educated audience.
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