Thetis left Birkenhead for Liverpool Bay to conduct her final diving trials, accompanied by the tug Grebe Cock. As well as her normal complement of 59 men she was carrying technical observers from Cammell Laird and other naval personnel, a total of men. The first dive was attempted at about on 1 June The submarine was too light to dive, so a survey of the water in the various tanks on board was made.
One of the checks was whether the internal torpedo tubes were flooded. Lieutenant Frederick Woods, the torpedo officer, opened the test cocks on the tubes. Unfortunately, the test cock on tube number 5 was blocked by some enamel paint so no water flowed out even though the bow cap was open. Prickers to clear the test cocks had been provided but they were not used.
This combined with a confusing layout of the bow cap indicators — they were arranged in a vertical line with 5 at the bottom 2,1,4,3,6, and then 5 and the "Shut" position for tube 5 on the dial was the mirror image of tube 6 above it — led to the inner door of the tube being opened. The inrush of water caused the bow of the submarine to sink to the seabed ft 46 m below the surface. How the outer door bow cap to Tube 5 became open to the sea is unknown: Woods maintained that until at least 10 minutes before he opened the tube all the indicators were at "Shut".
An indicator buoy was released and smoke candle fired. A search was immediately instigated. Ninety-nine lives were lost in the incident: 51 crew members, 26 Cammell Laird employees, 8 other naval officers, 7 Admiralty overseeing officers, 4 Vickers-Armstrong employees, 2 caterers and a Mersey pilot.
As the pressure outside the submarine was greater than the pressure inside, this had to be equalised before the outer door of the escape chamber was opened. The escape chamber was flooded with the occupant having to wait until the chamber was completely full of water. Only then would the pressure within the escape chamber be equal to the outside sea pressure. During the 5th attempt to escape the occupant of the chamber panicked and tried to open the outer escape hatch before the chamber had completely flooded.
As a result, the increased pressure outside the submarine caused an in-rush of sea water, thus drowning the escapee. Because the outer escape hatch remained partially open it rendered the escape chamber inoperative, preventing the escape of any other crew members. The incident attracted legal action from one of the widows, who brought a claim of negligence against the shipbuilders, for not removing the material blocking the valve. It is now at the Merseyside Maritime Museum , along with the plate from number five torpedo tube and the officers' wardroom clock.
One further fatality occurred during salvage operations, when diver Petty Officer Henry Otho Perdue died from "the bends" on 23 August It was the same day that war was declared. Human remains that had not already been removed by the salvage team were then brought out to a naval funeral, with full honours.
The loss went beyond that of a submarine's crew. Among the dead were two naval constructors and several of the submarine team from Cammell-Laird. These were experienced designers and builders of submarines who would have been needed during the war. The Thetis disaster was in marked contrast to the successful rescue of the survivors of USS Squalus , which had sunk off the coast of New Hampshire just a week previously.
The Squalus however, unlike the Thetis , sank on an even keel, allowing a diving chamber to be used. Frederick Woods remained in the Royal Navy as an officer in the surface fleet. He was killed in a car accident in A memorial to the crew was unveiled at Maeshyfryd Cemetery , Holyhead on 7 November After being successfully salvaged and repaired the submarine was commissioned in as HMS Thunderbolt under the command of Lt.
Cecil Crouch. During the next 18 months, she saw service in the Atlantic: In December she was on patrol in the Bay of Biscay and on 15 December she encountered and sank the Italian submarine Capitano Raffaele Tarantini. In the autumn of , Thunderbolt was converted with her sister ships Trooper and P to carry two "Chariots" a type of manned torpedo and their crews for operations against Axis shipping in harbour, and was transferred with them to the Mediterranean in December Their first mission, Operation Principal , was undertaken in December , the three boats taking their charges to targets around the Mediterranean.
Thunderbolt ' s objective was shipping in Cagliari, but the operation was not a success, and P was lost at La Maddalena , her intended target. A second operation against Palermo harbour in January was more successful. Belarus did express regret over the tragedy, but stopped short of issuing a formal apology. Spirits High Hours before tragedy struck, Fraenckel and Stuart-Jervis were in radio contact with Wallace and Brielmann, who were only 20 kilometers away after more than 60 hours of flight.
My guys are right under you. The Gordon Bennett Balloon Race, named for the millionaire sportsman and owner of the New York Herald newspaper, is the premier event among balloon racers. In principle, it is a simple event — the winner is the balloon that flies the furthest from the starting point without landing.
But it is literally a killer, and dozens have fallen victim to it over the years. In the race, which was held in Europe, five balloonists were killed by lightning, and a half dozen more were seriously injured in storms. In , the year of the Belarus tragedy, German balloonists Wilhelm Elmers and Bernd Landsmann set the race record for longest flight time, remaining aloft for more than 92 hours before touching down in Latvia on September That year, the race began on September 9 when 17 balloons lifted away from the starting point at Wil, Switzerland.
By the evening of September 10, six of the balloons had landed in various locations in Western Europe, ending their bid for the trophy. We are discussing it, and there is a balloon in the air. Kastenka ordered a military helicopter — a Mil Mi — up in the air to check out the object.
As the military gunship got closer to D-Caribbean, Kastenka flicked on the speakerphone, letting Zdanyuk hear the conversation between Kastenka and the helicopter commander. This is how we serve. Zdanyuk told Current Time in his December interview that he was confident Kastenka did not know the balloon was manned, speculating things may not have taken a tragic turn had Kastenka waited some 20 minutes until the other two American balloons appeared.
Two hours before crossing the border, the balloonists tried to contact the Minsk air traffic control center. Their signal was confirmed, but they were answered in Russian, although English is normally used in international aviation communication. Wallace and Brielmann landed in Belarus after being ordered to do so by the Belarusians. Levin and Sullivan ignored a similar order, but also landed in Belarus because of deteriorating weather.
A Mockery? The Belarusian government expressed regret for the incident but stopped short of offering a formal apology. We are strongly protesting and demanding a full investigation by the Belarus government. They came to this conclusion because there was an air base and other military facilities nearby. This was no act of aggression. It was just an accident. Alyaksandr Artsyukhovich, studying at a U. I only hope that the [recent] incident [will] be the only tragedy.
Blake Stilwell. Shot by a Greek prisoner, the four photos were smuggled to the Polish Resistance where they were cropped and retouched to make them clearer. They were published in a Polish legal report about the camp. The Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in occupied Poland was among the most notorious of the Nazi death camps. The SS guards there methodically killed inmates once they were no longer deemed fit to work by leading them into a gas chamber under the auspices that they were taking a shower.
The Nazi death camp used Jewish inmates — called sonderkommandos — to work the gas chambers and the four crematoria. One such prisoner was Alberto Errera, a Greek naval officer who was eventually killed by the guards after punching a Nazi SS officer. He took the photos with a German Leica that was smuggled into the camp by four other prisoners.
They had to be careful when taking the photos, as the SS guards would have surely killed them had they been were discovered. The Greek prisoner shot the photos from the hip while the other four men kept an eye out for the guards. As a result, some of the photos are strangely framed, showing only trees.
All of the photos were reportedly taken within 20 minutes of each other. She got the film to the Polish Resistance , along with a note from two political prisoners that read the following:. Have possibility of taking photos. Sending you photos of Birkenau showing prisoners sent to gas chambers. One photos shows one of the stakes at which bodies were burned when the crematoria could not manage to burn all the bodies.
The bodies in the foreground are waiting to be thrown into the fire. Send film roll as fast as you can. Send the enclosed photos to Tell — we think enlargements of the photos can be sent further. Of course, goats are much more compact creatures, something that makes them easier to transport and leaves far less of a mess to clean afterward.
Even so, the academies signed a nonaggression pact in that supposedly put a stop to these shenanigans. West Point cadets used chloroform to gas Billy the Goat and spirit him away from Annapolis in the back of a convertible. Sick of losing their goat, the Navy started keeping Bill on a naval base between appearances, a location with far greater security than the relatively open campus in Annapolis.
Dressed in black, the commandos cut through wire fences and completed their goat theft while their girlfriends distracted the Marine Corps guards with a story about being lost after getting stood up on a blind date. West Point commandant Brig. Steven Gilland got in on the action last year as the star of a minute Army spirit video that celebrated the tradition and plays out like a Hollywood Heist movie.
Gilland plays the role of airborne commando in an elaborate raid on Annapolis. This article originally appeared on Military. Follow militarydotcom on Twitter. Business Insider. Countries on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts have been affected, and most of the illicit fishing activity in those areas is done by Chinese vessels. Officials and experts have said rising demand for fish and increased competition over dwindling stocks could spark new conflicts.
Many of them have pointed specifically to China. Fishing stocks around China have shrunken dramatically. But Beijing has expanded its distant-ocean fishing fleet, and those vessels have been involved in disputes as far afield as Argentina — where the coast guard has fired at and sunk them — and in Africa, where Chinese firms are building fish-processing facilities.
James Stavridis and a coauthor said that Beijing was spending hundreds of millions of dollars annually to subsidize its long-range fishing fleet and that its coast guard often escorts those ships while they fish illegally. Countries overplaying their hands with fishing and fisheries enforcement in contested waters and increasingly aggressive responses to illegal fishing are two ways that conflict could develop, Higgins-Bloom wrote.
It is transnational organized crime. The Arctic, where retreating ice has increased interest in commercial shipping and resource extraction, could also become a venue for that competition. Commandant Adm. It was a few hundred miles off the nearest mainland in that part of the world. The Chinese came out. We turned that ship over to the Chinese for prosecution.
This article originally appeared on Business Insider. Follow BusinessInsider on Twitter. When the M first took over for the M-1 Garand as a standard-issue infantry weapon, the result was less than stellar. It jammed. A lot. Frustrated troops began leaving their Ms at home and using AKs captured from the enemy instead. The Aussies preferred a weapon that worked. Even after the weapon was updated to fix its issues, the Australians still opted for a different solution.
They liked how handy the M could be, but they wanted the stopping power of a 7. The Australian special operators lopped that heavy barrel and its tripod off at the end of the gas block. Then, the MacGuyvers from Down Under fashioned special flash suppressors for the new muzzle for those who wanted it. The new, shorter barrel was louder and produced a much bigger bang for the buck. They wanted the Communists to know who was pulling the triggers and raining death on their Ho Chi Minh Trail parade.
Others preferred a grenade launcher attachment. The game is the first Star Series game of the season. Watch the game LIVE here. Army, fresh off an away loss, are headed home to see if they can turn their luck around as they host Lehigh. Following an impressive win non-conference season, the Air Force volleyball team turns to the Mountain West portion of the calendar this weekend, when it hosts San Diego State on Sunday, Sept. The Falcons, who collected their most non-conference victories in 15 years over the last four weeks, will host the Aztecs inside Cadet East Gym.
But, American technology and innovations are also a coveted target for other countries, especially ones like China that are developing rapidly. And China has the money and the culture to do something about it. They have proven capable of stealing secrets, partially to support military programs and partially to support the state-run companies that are in charge of keeping the people happy so President Xi Jinping can keep concentrating on wandering the Hundred Acre Wood.
Perhaps the most surprising target of foreign espionage, especially Chinese, is American farms. America has some of the most advanced farms in the world, both in terms of the machinery used and the seeds that are grown there. The seeds and machines are so advanced, in fact, that it creates friction with normal farmers who are banned from repairing their own machines and cannot grow new seeds from their crops they have to purchase a new batch of seeds from the manufacturer, instead.
While self-driving cars seem like a luxury more than anything else, the underlying tech is challenging to create and could, potentially, be extremely lucrative. Prosecutors allege that a former Apple employee was stealing tech for a new employer in China when he was arrested in the airport with stolen trade secrets from an autonomous car project. Microbes are an important part in the manufacture of some drugs and recently, chemicals. Yeah, China and other countries like those. Really any important biological discovery, especially medicinal, could go here, but a particular microbe case is instructive.
Ching Wang, a man of Chinese descent who discovered an anti-parasitic drug in the s, told the New Yorker that he received a phone call a little after he and his colleagues published their paper. The caller worked for a state-run pharmaceutical company in China and was wondering if Wang could fly himself out to China with a sample of the microbe , just for funsies. When China can get people to hand over crucial information, extort such information from companies, or simply steal it from non-secured computers, they can bound forward in science overnight.
Many advanced projects being done in a country are typically the result of a partnership between governments, corporations, and universities. And, as you might imagine, universities are typically the weakest links in these partnerships. While there used to be only a couple thousand active contracts driving defense-applied research at any given time, a report showed that that number had risen to above 50, by Chinese wind farms are often made possible by technology that was stolen from an American company that nearly went bankrupt thanks to the theft.
China made a pledge to generate more clean energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To do so, they apparently decided to just steal a bunch of U. In one high-profile case, American company AMSC sold 0 million in tech to Chinese firm Sinovel, putting safeguards in place that would, hopefully, prevent theft of their intellectual property.
Yeah… Those safeguards failed. Some even give free samples, something China encourages and regularlytakes advantage of. And besides, the Meng Shi is better on every metric, at least according to papers written by military officials and not subjected to peer review. Full disclosure, the author is a former member of the 82nd Airborne, and he is super biased. The training was part of Swift Response 19 and went from June The live-fire part was just the last four days of the event.
Eight nations took part in the training including Italian and Canadian airborne forces. On June 18, these paratroopers took an airfield, and on June 20, they launched air assaults to take a simulated village in the Novo Selo Training Area. Above the paratroopers, helicopters with the 1st Combat Aviation Brigade, 1st Infantry Division provided support.
The aviators hauled troops and weapons around the battlefield as well as fired on the enemy from the sky. These combined exercises seek to test all the major individual and collective tasks that units have to accomplish. These tasks include everything from properly caring for a casualty to calling in fires to maneuvering a battalion or brigade against an enemy force. The Apaches from the 1st Infantry Division provided close combat attack support, but Air Force assets like the A often come to these parties as well.
Occasionally, you can even see some naval assets fire from the sea or Marine aviators flying overhead. Keep scrolling for a crapton more photos from the 82nd in Swift Response If you want even more photos and videos and whatnot, try this link. The most important difference between and today would be in the realm of guided munitions. If we start talking about the B, things get even crazier. The main difference between an LCAC and the landing craft of yore is the fact that the LCAC can access almost any beach in the world, and can travel across dry land.
Furthermore, it can achieve incredible rates of speed compared to the Amtracks of WW2 I think around 70 knots when not weighed down much. Today the US would be able to basically avoid any defensive strongpoints and just stick their landing forces where ever they figured was the least defended. Helicopters, in widespread use since the Vietnam War, allow entire infantry companies and battalions to be shuffled about at incredible speed compared to the s. The only reasonable option for destroying one with equipment would be swarming it with infantry and trying to get a grenade inside.
This technique was costly during WW2. Against an Abrams, with a wingman that can just shower his buddy with HE rounds that do nothing substantial to the armor…. As far as the individual soldier is concerned, the primary difference is the body armor. Ceramic plates and flak jackets have greatly increased the survivability of the infantryman.
Back in WW2, your armor was a millimeter of cloth. Today it contains plates that would actually be capable of stopping pretty much any small arms round the Wehrmacht utilized 7. So you have a classic heavy infantry vs light infantry situation here. The Mk19 Automatic Grenade launcher. Designed for use against troops in the open, troops in trench-lines, light armored vehicles, urban strongpoints, and light fortifications, this Capable of firing 40mm grenades per minute, there is arguably no more intimidating weapon in the US arsenal that is commonly used in firefights.
I have personally been within 25 meters or so of the beaten zone of someone unleashing a long burst of grenades, and it was, shall we say, disconcerting. This is probably the one weapon capable of allowing an individual to singlehandedly end a firefight.
Today many infantry companies will have communication assets down to the fire team level. This allows for much faster response times to dealing with threats or re-organizing after a firefight or simply getting troops to move around where you want them radios at the platoon level were very rare during World War 2, and what was in play was of limited range and had no encryption capabilities.
And we had 40 dudes. One out of every 4 infantrymen will have a grenade launcher. Another one will have a light machine gun. This allows for the ability to achieve combined arms effects using just a single fire team. And the night-fighting capability, with nothing else, would be a game changer. The one thing we would be at a disadvantage in would be combat experience.
At the same time, our military back then was well trained for large scale battles, as opposed to how the US military is organized today.