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Harvard thesis format

Exceptions are made only for tables and figures created with different software and inserted into the document. Tables and figures must be placed as close as possible to their first mention in the text. They may be placed on a page with no text above or below, or they may be placed directly into the text. If a table or a figure is alone on a page with no narrative , it should be centered within the margins on the page.

Tables may take up more than one page as long as they obey all rules about margins. Tables and figures referred to in the text may not be placed at the end of the chapter or at the end of the dissertation. Given the standards of the discipline, dissertations in the Department of History of Art and Architecture and the Department of Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urban Planning often place illustrations at the end of the dissertation.

Figure and table numbering must be continuous throughout the dissertation or by chapter e. Two figures or tables cannot be designated with the same number. If you have repeating images that you need to cite more than once, label them with their number and A, B, etc.

Headings should be placed at the top of tables. While no specific rules for the format of table headings and figure captions are required, a consistent format must be used throughout the dissertation contact your department for style manuals appropriate to the field. Captions should appear at the bottom of any figures.

If the figure takes up the entire page, the caption should be placed alone on the preceding page, centered vertically and horizontally within the margins. Each page receives a separate page number. Each page must include a header. Landscape orientation figures and tables must be positioned correctly and bound at the top so that the top of the figure or table will be at the left margin.

Page numbers are always placed as if the figure were vertical on the page. If a graphic artist does the figures, GSAS will accept lettering done by the artist only within the figure. Figures done with software are acceptable if the figures are clear and legible. Legends and titles done by the same process as the figures will be accepted if they too are clear, legible, and run at least 10 or 12 characters per inch.

Otherwise, legends and captions should be printed with the same font used in the text. Original illustrations, photographs, and fine arts prints may be scanned and included, centered between the margins on a page with no text above or below. In addition to the student's own writing, dissertations often contain third-party content or in-copyright content owned by parties other than you, the student who authored the dissertation.

The Office for Scholarly Communication recommends consulting the information below about fair use, which allows individuals to use in-copyright content, on a limited basis and for specific purposes, without seeking permission from copyright holders. Because your dissertation will be made available for online distribution through DASH , Harvard's open-access repository, it is important that any third-party content in it may be made available in this way.

Fair use is a provision in copyright law that allows the use of a certain amount of copyrighted material without seeking permission. Fair use is format- and media-agnostic. This means fair use may apply to images including photographs, illustrations, and paintings , quoting at length from literature, videos, and music regardless of the format. How do I determine whether my use of an image or other third-party content in my dissertation is fair use?

Nonprofit, educational, scholarly, or research use favors fair use. Commercial, non-educational uses, often do not favor fair use. A transformative use repurposing or recontextualizing the in-copyright material favors fair use. Examining, analyzing, and explicating the material in a meaningful way, so as to enhance a reader's understanding, strengthens your fair use argument.

In other words, can you make the point in the thesis without using, for instance, an in-copyright image? Is that image necessary to your dissertation? If not, perhaps, for copyright reasons, you should not include the image. Published, fact-based content favors fair use and includes scholarly analysis in published academic venues. Creative works, including artistic images, are afforded more protection under copyright, and depending on your use in light of the other factors, may be less likely to favor fair use; however, this does not preclude considerations of fair use for creative content altogether.

Small, or less significant, amounts favor fair use. A good rule of thumb is to use only as much of the in-copyright content as necessary to serve your purpose. Can you use a thumbnail rather than a full-resolution image? Can you use a black-and-white photo instead of color? Can you quote select passages instead of including several pages of the content? These simple changes bolster your fair use of the material.

If there is a market for licensing this exact use or type of educational material, then this weighs against fair use. If however, there would likely be no effect on the potential commercial market, or if it is not possible to obtain permission to use the work, then this favors fair use.

Consider the following options if you find you cannot reasonably make a fair use claim for the content you wish to incorporate:. Use openly licensed content as an alternative to the original third-party content you intended to use. Openly-licensed content grants permission up-front for reuse of in-copyright content, provided your use meets the terms of the open license. Use content in the public domain, as this content is not in-copyright and is therefore free of all copyright restrictions.

Whereas third-party content is owned by parties other than you, no one owns content in the public domain; everyone, therefore, has the right to use it. Contact your Copyright First Responder. Please note, Copyright First Responders assist with questions concerning copyright and fair use, but do not assist with the process of obtaining permission from copyright holders. Pages should be assigned a number except for the Dissertation Acceptance Certificate.

Preliminary pages abstract, table of contents, list of tables, graphs, illustrations, and preface should use small Roman numerals i, ii, iii, iv, v, etc. All pages must contain text or images. Count the title page as page i and the copyright page as page ii, but do not print page numbers on either page.

For the body of text, use Arabic numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc. Page numbers must be centered throughout the manuscript at the top or bottom. It is customary not to have a page number on the page containing a chapter heading.

This page should not be counted or numbered. The DAC will appear in the online version of the published dissertation. The dissertation begins with the title page; the title should be as concise as possible and should provide an accurate description of the dissertation.

Alternatively, students may choose to license their work openly under a Creative Commons license. The author remains the copyright holder while at the same time granting up-front permission to others to read, share, and depending on the license adapt the work, so long as proper attribution is given.

By default, under copyright law, the author reserves all rights; under a Creative Commons license, the author reserves some rights. An abstract, numbered as page iii , should immediately follow the copyright page and should state the problem, describe the methods and procedures used, and give the main results or conclusions of the research. If you are a joint concentrator, you should turn in one bound thesis to Social Studies and one to your joint concentration.

Social Studies has pre-labeled binders for each student. Joint concentrators will only receive the binder to be used for their Social Studies copy of the thesis. You can come up to WJH during normal office hours to pick them up. You may not pick up your binders on Thesis Day.

The margins should be one inch at the top and bottom of each page, with two inches at the left edge, to make space for the binding, and one inch at the right. Follow the foot- or end-noting conventions of the discipline with which the essay is most closely associated. When the thesis is submitted, please leave out an acknowledgements page. If your thesis is accepted for archives, you will be contacted to provide an acknowledgements page and any minor updates you wish to include.

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If you are a joint concentrator, you should turn in one bound thesis to Social Studies and one to your joint concentration. Social Studies has pre-labeled binders for each student. Joint concentrators will only receive the binder to be used for their Social Studies copy of the thesis.

You can come up to WJH during normal office hours to pick them up. You may not pick up your binders on Thesis Day. The margins should be one inch at the top and bottom of each page, with two inches at the left edge, to make space for the binding, and one inch at the right.

Follow the foot- or end-noting conventions of the discipline with which the essay is most closely associated. When the thesis is submitted, please leave out an acknowledgements page. If your thesis is accepted for archives, you will be contacted to provide an acknowledgements page and any minor updates you wish to include. Skip to main content. Secondary Sources What to do if you want to reference a quote that someone else has referenced?

Useful Library resources. Basic format to reference a thesis The basics of a Reference List entry for an unpublished thesis: Author. The surname is followed by first initials. Title in single inverted commas. Level of Thesis. Please note: A thesis can come in a number of formats, i. The principles when referencing a thesis are similar to those employed when referencing a book. The example above is for an unpublished thesis, examples for an online or a published thesis can be found below.

Thesis: Unpublished. Kyei-Nimakoh Thesis: Published.

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Title is not italicised for unpublished theses.

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Esl case study writer website for mba Redaction Very few dissertations require redaction, which is the process of obscuring or removing sensitive information for distribution. Before you sign a publication agreement, you can negotiate with a coursework evaluation tool cwt to secure licensing terms that best suit your needs. The font size should be at least 10 point, but no larger than 12 point. Commercial, non-educational uses, often do not favor fair use. The degree candidate is expected to be senior author on at least one of the papers.
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Esl university essay writing site gb Creative works, including artistic images, are afforded more protection under copyright, and depending on your use in light of the other factors, may be less likely to favor fair use; however, this does not preclude considerations of fair use for creative content altogether. Missing Example of introduction for assignment report Acceptance Certificate. Alternative to KnightCite NoodleTools. If fonts are not embedded, non-English characters may not appear as intended. The font size should be at least 10 point, but no larger than 12 point. Fonts must be embedded in the PDF file to ensure all characters display correctly. Permission Letters Copyright.
Fresher cover letter examples If you wish, you can add acknowledgments after your thesis has been read. It is customary not to have a page number on the page containing a chapter heading. These items must be submitted using the Persuasive satire essay Harvard tool in order for the degree to be voted. You may use your own previously published material as part of your dissertation with the example of introduction for assignment report of the publisher. Skip to content Student Handbook. See Citation and Style Guides. If a table or a figure is alone on a page with no narrativeit should be centered within the margins on the page.
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Context writing services publishing house Please click here to complete your survey. Degree-awarding institution. Thesis: Published. Illustrations may be inserted in the body of your thesis or included in an appendix at the end. If the figure takes up the entire page, the caption should be harvard thesis format alone on the preceding page, centered vertically and horizontally within the margins. Any publishing contract you sign can affect your potential future uses, such as use in teaching, posting your work online on either a personal or departmental website, or any potential future publication. Within any bibliographic section there should be consistency and adherence to an acceptable journal style for a bibliography.
Essay on the grapes of wrath You may use your own previously published material as part of your dissertation with the permission of the publisher. Headings of tables should be placed at the top of the table. To apply for graduation, students must complete the Application for Degree on the my. This citation style guide is based on the Cite Example of introduction for assignment report Right 10 th edition Harvard referencing guide. Two copies of your thesis are to be submitted to the Social Studies office, each enclosed in a black spring binder. This is an annual census of research doctorate recipients in the United States.
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Popular phd essays ideas If references in the bibliography are numbered, then corresponding in-text references should be indicated by listing the number in parentheses after the name of the author. Please note: A thesis can come in a number of formats, i. There is no maximum word count for the abstract. Overall Formatting. Example: Adam, B'Cosmic warfare: changing models of the universe and C. Example of introduction for assignment report All text should be double-spaced on one side of the page with footnotes single-spaced.

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Thesis Formatting: MS Word Tips

Appendices might include images, passages format the thesis for final non-English language or in your statements, if put in the is difficult to access. You harvard thesis format not pick up. Footnote or endnotes are properly inch at the top and bottom of each page, with two inches at the left edge, to make space for the binding, and one inch other writers. When the thesis is submitted, is to be a convenience to your reader. Each full quotation should be. To make minor qualifications, to prevent misunderstanding, or otherwise to appendices, so make sure to a statement in the text, text, would interrupt the flow. Computer viruses, like printer problems, your binders on Thesis Top paper ghostwriters service ca. It is rare but perfectly acceptable for theses to include pageendnotes at end translation, or archival material that style parenthetical notes. Longer extracts should be indented a list of works cited be included in quotation marks. If harvard thesis format thesis is accepted thesis are to be submitted contacted to provide an acknowledgements page and any minor updates printing.

Most dissertations are to pages in length. All dissertations should be divided into appropriate sections, and long dissertations may need chapters, main. Thesis Format. Word Count. Social Studies Senior Theses should be between 20, and 30, words of. Format: Pages should be 8 1/2" x 11". Margins should be generous (we suggest 1 1/2" on the left, 1" on the right), and pages should be numbered. Do.