If homework is assigned every Monday and due every Wednesday, make sure that you stick to that routine. Week to week, students are regularly having to balance their personal lives with their academic ones. They also have to integrate extracurricular activities.
Some strategies for improving homework completion are also well suited for improving performance. Here are just two approaches you can consider to help you not only ensure students not only turn in homework more regularly but perform better on the work they do. In class, teachers are taught to differentiate their instructions.
Teachers should also take the time to develop differentiated homework. By adjusting the difficulty, teachers make it all the more likely that homework will get done. Teachers need to have a firm grasp on what their students are capable of and what they know and do not know. Unfortunately, students can sometimes feel pressured under test conditions.
It may be useful to consider tests that are non-graded but still provide insight into how students are performing. This sort of low stakes assessment may help provide an accurate picture of what students need the greatest adjustment to the homework you give them. Another way that teachers can help guarantee that teachers will complete their work is by providing additional resources that students can use when getting their work done. Sometimes, this might mean pointing to resources that students can find in the library.
At other times, this might mean pointing to websites that can help get students through their lessons. For instance, YouTube has become a wildly popular resource for teachers. Now, more than ever, YouTube is filled with instructional videos that can help guide students through particularly difficult problems. There are also countless videos that discuss the plots of books or take students through science and math problems.
However, with the modern internet, teachers can also provide their own additional resources. Websites and social media sites can be used to make posts and host files that students can access. These files might provide additional context about a historic event or guides through particularly hard math problems.
This can be a more time-consuming effort if teachers want to put together their own resources from scratch. Finally, there are also approaches that are tailored toward improving homework performance. These strategies make it more likely that your students will do better on the homework that you assign. Parent involvement is linked to numerous benefits among students. Those benefits carry over to homework. One study conducted among sixth and seventh graders revealed that when parents helped their children with their homework, it led to better outcomes.
This study was interesting not only because it benefited students in general, but specifically because it helped at-risk students. These students are often those who are most likely to underachieve. Due to various circumstances, ranging from a lower socioeconomic background to violence in the community, at-risk students often perform more poorly than students who are not at risk.
Despite the chance that these students will perform more poorly on homework, researchers discovered that their performance jumped when parents became involved. This intervention did require effort and time. Parents had to be trained in how to help their children. However, the results were clear.
Over the course of a 10w-eek homework program, students saw improved marks in mathematics. This showed that with help from appropriately trained parents, even students who were at the greatest risk of failing saw improvement in their performance. The idea of the flipped classroom is fairly simple.
Using this model, teachers take homework and, instead of having students do it at home, have their students do it in the classroom. This approach is beneficial because it lets teachers, who have all the knowledge and experience necessary to guide their students, assist their class with the completion of the work. Well, the flipped classroom also means flipping instruction so that it happens at home instead of the class.
In a flipped classroom, teachers do some teaching in the class and introduce lessons. However, they leave the majority of text reading to be done at home. Teachers review these lessons briefly and go through some introductory instruction. Then, teachers guide them through more difficult work.
The most active part of the lesson is left for the classroom, where students can engage with one another and their teacher. The most passive part of the lesson, on the other hand, is left at home. Learn more about the flipped classroom. Many students who struggle on homework at home may benefit from a more community-oriented approach. For this reason, schools should focus on putting together an environment where students can do homework together under the supervision of adults.
Study halls should serve this purpose, but they often do not. Instead, students tend to complete most of their homework independently when in a study hall. This is often because students from many different classes find themselves together with a single adult who specializes in a limited number of topics. And homework can widen the achievement gap, putting students from low-income households and students with learning disabilities at a disadvantage.
However, the minute guideline is useful in setting a limit: When kids spend too much time on homework, there are real consequences to consider. As young children begin school, the focus should be on cultivating a love of learning, and assigning too much homework can undermine that goal. A more effective activity may be nightly reading, especially if parents are involved.
For second-grade teacher Jacqueline Fiorentino, the minor benefits of homework did not outweigh the potential drawback of turning young children against school at an early age, so she experimented with dropping mandatory homework. As students mature and develop the study skills necessary to delve deeply into a topic—and to retain what they learn—they also benefit more from homework. Nightly assignments can help prepare them for scholarly work, and research shows that homework can have moderate benefits for middle school students Cooper et al.
Crossing that upper limit can drain student motivation and focus. Brian Sztabnik, a veteran middle and high school English teacher, suggests that teachers take a step back and ask themselves these five questions :. When students spend too much time on homework—more than two hours each night—it takes up valuable time to rest and spend time with family and friends. Homework in high school should always relate to the lesson and be doable without any assistance, and feedback should be clear and explicit.
Teachers should also keep in mind that not all students have equal opportunities to finish their homework at home, so incomplete homework may not be a true reflection of their learning—it may be more a result of issues they face outside of school. They may be hindered by issues such as lack of a quiet space at home, resources such as a computer or broadband connectivity, or parental support OECD, In such cases, giving low homework scores may be unfair.
Since the quantities of time discussed here are totals, teachers in middle and high school should be aware of how much homework other teachers are assigning.
Some homework is now assigned on iPads or computers, so while kids are online there may be lots of temptation to play games or click on an unrelated website. In those instances, parents can turn off the router to keep the children on the computer but off the Internet, Points said. Older kids may need the Internet to do the homework, but you should establish with their teachers on whether they should be Googling the answers or using spellcheck, she added.
Different teachers have different policies. When a computer is involved, the homework needs to happen in a public spot, Points added. It depends on what grade your child is in. Points suggested going by National Education Association guidelines : minutes per night in the first grade, and an additional 10 minutes per grade level thereafter. So 20 minutes for children in the second grade, while those in the twelfth grade may devote two hours on homework.
High school students may sometimes do even more, depending on what classes they take. If a child takes much longer than that, parents should mention it to the teacher because it might be too much homework. Sure enough, some of the kids made errors. The teacher assigned kids to repair teams. Their job was to find out where the error-maker went wrong.
He is less afraid of making mistakes, and knows now that his job is to find and fix inevitable errors. In short, he is more likely to bend and rebound rather than freeze up and break when faced with a challenge at school or in life. By the way, you can bet that, for every Zach, there are six kids in a classroom who need this kind of training. To be effective, homework should give opportunities to kids to do things that they learned how to do during the day, and that they believe they can do pretty successfully.
Homework should never be used to introduce or teach a new concept. This puts a lot of kids on the edge of their incompetence. The goal is to get back to the expected level of solving problems, but with less stress and more success. Who could argue with that? To support our mission of providing ADHD education and support, please consider subscribing. Your readership and support help make our content and outreach possible. Thank you. You must be logged in to post a comment.