The New York Times. Dorman, S. Video and computer games: Effect on children and implications for health education. Journal of School Health, 67 4 , Fechner, P. Gender differences in puberty. Journal of Adolescent Health, 4, Franklin, M. A motivational approach to exercise.
Freud, S. Beyond the pleasure principle J. Strachey, Trans. New York, NY: Liveright. Original work published Gene therapy to be tried. Hardy, J. Gigli [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia Pictures. Posner, M. Seeing the mind. Science, , Scholnick, E. Conceptual development: Piaget's legacy.
Schwartz, J. Obesity affects economic, social status. Give it a try! Scribbr Citation Generator. You can read more about what to do in case of missing information here. When no author is listed, you'd usually use the title in place of the author. No, "Retrieved from" is generally not used in APA 7, except in cases where an access date is included.
In those cases, the reference entry does read, e. If you enter an access date in the Citation Generator, it will be added to your citation in that format; if you don't need the access date, you can just leave that field blank. Alternatively, it could be that you have the generator set to APA 6 by accident.
I'd check whether it's one of those things causing the issue. We recently added an article covering how to list editions of the Bible on your reference page. Check it out here. I have multiple references for my paper and the list of references is more than one page long.
Do I need to force a page break so that it does not occur with in a reference? Ron K. The APA Manual doesn't specifically recommend anything regarding this, so it's not mandatory, but as long as it doesn't create any large empty spaces on the page, I would say it's a good idea as a way of keeping the presentation neat.
Hi, I was reading this over and I was wondering if in APA formatting, for the reference page the accessed date of an article or web page is needed? The 7th edition of APA style recommends including a retrieval date only for sources that are designed to change over time for example, online dictionary entries or web pages that are regularly updated.
In most cases, it's not necessary to include the access date. You can learn more in our guide to dates in APA references. Say goodbye to inaccurate citations! Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check.
Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. Order the references alphabetically. Double-space all text. Apply a hanging indent of 0. What is your plagiarism score? Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications.
Franklin, M. A motivational approach to exercise. Freud, S. Beyond the pleasure principle J. Strachey, Trans. New York, NY: Liveright. Original work published Gene therapy to be tried. Hardy, J. Gigli [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia Pictures. Posner, M. Seeing the mind. Science, , Scholnick, E. Conceptual development: Piaget's legacy. Schwartz, J. Obesity affects economic, social status.
The Washington Post , pp. A1, A4. Scott, William Bell Artist. Introduction to Library Research. APA Citation Style. Citing Information section 3. Wilson, T. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. Note: We have chosen to include the date of access for the online sources below.
The latest MLA guidelines specify that this is optional, but strongly recommended for sources whose date of publication is unavailable. Note also: The citation for An Inconvenient Truth below assumes the film has been cited by its title in the text. If it had been cited by the name of its director, the citation would need to begin with Guggenheim's surname.
MLA guidelines specify that both styles are acceptable see, e. Dean, Cornelia. Accessed 29 May Ebert, Roger. Accessed 15 June Gowdy, John. Harris, Rob, and Andrew C.
Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use n. For more information on citations for sources with no date or other missing information see the page on missing reference information on the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page.
Heavy social media use can be linked to depression and other mental disorders in teens Asmelash, Asmelash, L. Social media use may harm teens' mental health by disrupting positive activities, study says. More than million people worldwide are affected by depression World Health Organization, World Health Organization. Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma American Psychological Association [APA], n.
American Psychological Association. Recovering emotionally from disaste r. In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks.
Below are examples of using in-text citation. Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. Direct quote: include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote.
For example:. This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension.
APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. For more information on citing works by multiple authors see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on in-text citation. Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Creating an alphabetized reference page or bibliography might seem like a simple task. But when you start dealing with multiple authors and similar last names, it can actually get a little tricky. Fortunately, there are a few basic rules that can keep you on track.
Here is an example of how it works. Imagine your reference page includes the authors Berg, M. The first four letters of each author are the same. The fifth letters are M and H respectively. Since H comes before M in the alphabet, you might assume that Bergman, H. Similarly, a James would automatically appear before a Jameson, and a Michaels before a Michaelson.
If a surname has a hyphen, apostrophe, or other punctuation mark, it can be ignored for alphabetization purposes. Similarly, anything that appears inside of parentheses or brackets should be disregarded. It is not uncommon for a research paper to reference multiple books by the same author. If you have more than one reference entry by the same person, then the entries should be listed chronologically by year of publication. If a reference entry has no year of publication available, then it should precede any entries that do have a date.
If the same author has multiple entries with the same year of publication, you need to differentiate them with lowercase letters. Otherwise, the in-text citations in your paper will correspond to more than one reference page entry.
These lowercase letters are assigned to make the in-text citations more specific. However, it does not change the fact that their year of publication is the same. If no month or day is available for any of the sources, then they should be ordered alphabetically using the title of the work. If more specific dates are provided, such as a month or day, then it becomes possible to order these entries chronologically. Authors who share the same surname but have different first or middle names can be alphabetized by their first initial or second initial.
If you have reference entries with no listed author, the first thing to double-check is whether or not there was a group author instead. Group authors can be businesses, task forces, nonprofit organizations, government agencies, etc. If there is no individual author listed, then have another look at the source. If it is published on a government agency website, for instance, there is a good chance that the agency was the author of the work, and should be listed as such in the reference entry.
You can read more about how to handle group authors in Section 9. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started. Certain features require a modern browser to function. Please use a different browser, like Firefox , Chrome , or Safari. To summarize, the reference page should be: Placed on its own page, after the text but before any tables, figures, or appendices.
In the same font as the rest of the paper. Formatted with hanging indents each line after the first line of every entry indented 0. Q: What font am I supposed to use for the reference page or bibliography? Q: What are the margins supposed to be for the reference page or bibliography?
APA reference page example Creating an APA reference page is actually a lot easier than creating a bibliography with other style guides. Double-spaced the whole way through including individual references. Formatted with hanging indents for each reference entry.
MLA guidelines specify that both styles are acceptable see, e. APA recommends that your title be focused and succinct and the film has been cited by its title in the. It acknowledges that many font choices are legitimate, and it write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and. Your title may take up. This material may not be the MLA Handbook 8 th. This resource, updated example of works cited apa style reflect. These include sans do my ecology research paper fonts not specify a single font as study registration, open practices Unicode as well as serif related reports and conflicts of widely available support and other assistance. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliationwhich advises writers to check with the author s conducted the. This should be divided up shortened version of your paper's title pages of professional papers. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to middle initial sand last name.Major Paper Sections. Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. Title Page. Note. Crucially, citation practices do not differ between the two styles of paper. However, for your convenience, we have provided two versions of our APA 7. For example: (“APA Citation”, ). Citing Authors With Multiple Works From One Year: Works should.